MB 100 chapter 2 Medical Terminology
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MB 100 chapter 2 Medical Terminology
Medical Billing Terminology
lower part of the body
in, within, inside
out of, outside, away from
the science or study of
disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
plas/i, plas/o, -plasia
development, growth, formation
behind, toward the back
control, maintenance of a constant level
contains primarily the major organs of digestion
surgical removal of a gland
malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissues
benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue
abnormal softening of a gland
abnormal hardening of a gland
change in structure of cells and/or their orientation to each other
the study of the structures of the body
deviation from what is considered normal
situated in the front, or the front or forward part of an organ
defective development or the congenital absence of an organ or tissue
spread of a disease through contact with blood or other bodily fluid contaminated with blood
toward the lower part of the body.
toward the head.
genetic structures located in the nucleus of each cell. Most humans have 46.
any condition transmitted from one person to another either by direct or indirect contact with contaminated objects.
aka contagious disease
abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
material within cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus
farthest from the midsagittal plane or beginning of a body structure.
back of the organ or body.
abnormal growth or development of cells, tissues, or organs.
the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area.
glands which produce hormones and secrete them directly into the blood stream. No ducts
a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area.
region of the thorax located above the stomach
the study of the causes of diseases
glands that secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body
produces symptoms for which no phisiological or anatomical cause can be identified.
Pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene.
Physician who specializes in treating older people
group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood clotting factor is missing
study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
process by which the body maintains a constant internal environment
enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues
general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is due to an increase in the size, not number, of cells in the tissues
area of the thorax located below the stomach
incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficient number of cells
an unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment
an illness without a known cause
an illness caused by a living pathogenic organism such as bacteria or viruses
relating to the groin. Refers to the entire lower area of the abdomen.
the direction toward, or nearer, the midline.
fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall.
. Sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right portions
disease acquired in a hospital or clinic setting
outbreak of a disease ocurring over a large geographic area, possible worldwide
space formed by the hip bones. Contains primarily reproductive and excretory organs
multi-layered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
inflammation of the peritoneum
genetic disorder in which essential digestive enzyme is missing
study of the functions of the structures of the body
situated in the back, or back part of an organ.
situated nearest the midline or beginning of the body structure.
behind the peritoneum
unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division
chest cavity, thorax.
Surrounds and protects the heart and lungs. Separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphram
a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
navel, belly button
; point at the center of the abdominal wall where the umbilical chord was attached at birth
spread of a certain disease due to the bite of a vector (insect, animal, most commonly mosquitoes)
front or belly side of an organ or body part.