MB 100 chapter 2 Medical Terminology

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MB 100 chapter 2 Medical Terminology
2013-05-11 21:32:57

Medical Billing Terminology
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  1. aden/o
  2. adip/o
  3. anter/o
    before, front
  4. caud/o
    lower part of the body
  5. cephal/o
  6. cyt/o, -cyte
  7. end-, endo-
    in, within, inside
  8. exo-
    out of, outside, away from
  9. hist/o, histi/o
  10. -ologist
  11. -ology
    the science or study of
  12. path/o, -pathy
    disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
  13. plas/i, plas/o, -plasia
    development, growth, formation
  14. poster/o
    behind, toward the back
  15. -stasis, -static
    control, maintenance of a constant level
  16. abdominal cavity
    contains primarily the major organs of digestion
  17. adenectomy
    surgical removal of a gland
  18. adenocarcinoma
    malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissues
  19. adenoma
    benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue
  20. adenomalacia
    abnormal softening of a gland
  21. adenosclerosis
    abnormal hardening of a gland
  22. anaplasia
    change in structure of cells and/or their orientation to each other
  23. anatomy
    the study of the structures of the body
  24. anomaly
    deviation from what is considered normal
  25. anterior
    situated in the front, or the front or forward part of an organ
  26. aplasia
    defective development or the congenital absence of an organ or tissue
  27. bloodborne-transmission
    spread of a disease through contact with blood or other bodily fluid contaminated with blood
  28. caudal
    toward the lower part of the body. opposite: cephalic
  29. cephalic
    toward the head. opposite: caudal
  30. chromosomes
    genetic structures located in the nucleus of each cell. Most humans have 46.
  31. communicable disease
    • any condition transmitted from one person to another either by direct or indirect contact with contaminated objects. aka contagious disease
  32. congenital disorder
    abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
  33. cytoplasm
    material within cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus
  34. distal
    farthest from the midsagittal plane or beginning of a body structure. opposite: proximal
  35. dorsal
    back of the organ or body. opposite: ventral
  36. dysplasia
    abnormal growth or development of cells, tissues, or organs.
  37. endemic
    the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area.
  38. endocrine glands
    glands which produce hormones and secrete them directly into the blood stream. No ducts
  39. epidemic
    a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area.
  40. epigastric region
    region of the thorax located above the stomach
  41. etiology
    the study of the causes of diseases
  42. exocrine glands
    glands that secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body
  43. functional disorder
    • produces symptoms for which no phisiological or anatomical cause can be identified. panic attack
  44. genetic disorder
    hereditary disorder. Pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene.
  45. geriatrician
    Physician who specializes in treating older people
  46. hemophilia
    group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which a blood clotting factor is missing
  47. histology
    study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
  48. homeostasis
    process by which the body maintains a constant internal environment
  49. hyperplasia
    enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues
  50. hypertrophy
    general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is due to an increase in the size, not number, of cells in the tissues
  51. hypogastric
    area of the thorax located below the stomach
  52. hypoplasia
    incomplete development of an organ or tissue usually due to a deficient number of cells
  53. iatrogenic illness
    an unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment
  54. idiopathic disorder
    an illness without a known cause
  55. infectious disease
    an illness caused by a living pathogenic organism such as bacteria or viruses
  56. inguinal
    relating to the groin. Refers to the entire lower area of the abdomen.
  57. medial
    • the direction toward, or nearer, the midline. lateral
  58. mesentery
    fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall.
  59. midsagittal plane
    midline. Sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right portions
  60. nosocomical infection
    disease acquired in a hospital or clinic setting
  61. pandemic
    outbreak of a disease ocurring over a large geographic area, possible worldwide
  62. pelvic cavity
    space formed by the hip bones. Contains primarily reproductive and excretory organs
  63. peritoneum
    multi-layered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
  64. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  65. phenylketonuria
    genetic disorder in which essential digestive enzyme is missing
  66. physiology
    study of the functions of the structures of the body
  67. posterior
    situated in the back, or back part of an organ. anterior
  68. proximal
    situated nearest the midline or beginning of the body structure. distal
  69. retroperitoneal
    behind the peritoneum
  70. stem cells
    unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division
  71. thoracic cavity
    chest cavity, thorax. Surrounds and protects the heart and lungs. Separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphram
  72. transverse plane
    a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
  73. umbilicus
    navel, belly button; point at the center of the abdominal wall where the umbilical chord was attached at birth
  74. vector-borne transmission
    spread of a certain disease due to the bite of a vector (insect, animal, most commonly mosquitoes)
  75. ventral
    front or belly side of an organ or body part. dorsal