anatomy CERT IV

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anatomy CERT IV
2013-08-04 08:57:19
muscular anatomy

RMIT CERT IV Massage Therapy anatomy
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    • O: EOP, sup nuchal line, nuchal ligament, SPs of C7-T12
    • I: lat 1/3 clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula
    • A: Upper: Elv of scapula, lat flex neck, ext neck
    • Mid&Low: Ret & Dep of scap
  2. Tibialis Anterior
    • O: Ant prox tibia (lat tibial condyle & prox 2/3 of anteriolateral surface of tibia)
    • I: Medial cuneiform & base of 1st metatarsal
    • A: Dorsiflex & inv of ankle
  3. Gastrocnemus
    • O: sup to med & lat condyles femur
    • I: Calcaneus via Achilles tendon
    • A: Plantar flex ankle, flex knee
    • (Stabilises ankle and knee when standing)
  4. Pectoralis Major
    • O: Med 1/2 of clavicle, any sternum, costal cartilage of R 1-6
    • I: Bicipital groove humerus (lat lip)
    • A: (GH) Adn & med rot, horiz adn, flex
  5. Levator Scapulae
    • O: TPs C1-C4
    • I: Med border of scapula (superior to spine)
    • A: Elv scapula, ext & lat flex of neck
  6. Rhomboids
    • Minor
    • O:SPs C7,T1
    • I: Med border scapula @ spine
    • Major
    • O:SPs T2-T5
    • I:Med border scapula spine to inf angle
    • A: Ret of scapula
  7. Temporalis
    • O:Temporal fossa
    • I: Coronoid proc of mandible
    • A:Elv and Ret of mandible
  8. Masseter
    • O: Inf border zygomatic arch
    • I: angle and ramus of mandible
    • A: elv of mandible
  9. Soleus
    • O:Soleal line of tibia and upper fibula
    • I: Calcaneus via Achilles tendon
    • A: Plantar flex ankle (prime mover)
  10. Gluteus Maximus
    • O: Post Iliac crest,sacrum, coccyx, sacrotuberous (sacrum to ischial tub) ligament
    • I: ITB &gluteal tuberosity of femur (posterior and lateral to lesser trochanter)
    • A: Ext hip, lat rot hip
  11. Latissimus Dorsi
    • O: Post sacrum, Iliac crest, Thoracolumbar fascia, SPs T7-L5, R9-12
    • I:Biciptal groove humerus
    • A: Adn, med rot, ext GH
  12. Triceps brachii
    • O: LONG: Infraglenoid tubercule & neck of scapula LATERAL: posterior humerus sup to radial groove (up 1/2) MEDIAL (deep) : posterior humerus inf to radial groove (lo 1/2)
    • I: Olecranon proc of ulna
    • A:Ext of GH (LONG only), ext of elbow (ALL)
  13. Biceps brachii
    • O: LONG - supraglenoid tubercle and glenoid labrum SHORT - coracoid proc of scapula
    • I: radial tuberosity and bicpital aponeurosis
    • A: Flex elbow, sup forearm, flex GH
  14. Erector Spinea
    • "I like standing"
    • O&I:Illiocostalis sacrum, iliac crest, angle of ribs, TPs C3-C6
    • Longissimus sacrum, TPs C2-L5, mastoid proc
    • Spinalis SPs C2-L2, occipital bone inf to nuchal line
    • A:Ext neck and spine, lat flex spine
  15. Fibularis/Peroneus
    • LONGUS O: Head and prox lat shaft of fibula
    • I: Med cuneiform and base 1st metatarsal
    • BREVIS O: distal lat 1/2 of fibula
    • I: Base of 5th metatarsal

    A: Evrn & plantar flex of ankle
  16. Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)
    • O: sternal head - manubrium, clavicular head - med clavicle
    • I: mastoid proc
    • A: rot of neck (contralateral), lat flex neck (ipsilateral), flex neck (bilateral)
  17. Quadraceps
    • O: Rectus femoris ant inf iliac spine (AIIS)
    • Vastus lateralis lat linea aspera
    • Vastus intermedius ant shaft femur
    • Vastus medialis med linea aspera
    • I: tibial tuberosity via quadraceps tendon - patella - patellar ligament
    • A: ext knee and (Rec Fem only) flex hip
  18. Deltoid
    • O:lat 1/3 clavicle, acromion, spine of scapula
    • I: Deltoid tuberosity of humerus
    • A: Abn GH
    • ant fibres: flex, hor adn, med rot GH
    • post fibres: ext, hor abn, lat rot GH
  19. Adductors
    • Longus O: pubis inf to pubic tubercule
    • I: med lip linea aspera
    • A: adn, flex hip
    • Magnus
    • anterior head O:inf pubic ramus, ischial ramus I:linea aspera
    • posterior head O: ischial tuberosity I: adductor tubercle of femur (sup to medial epicondyle)
    • A: adn and ext hip
  20. Hamstrings
    • O: Ischial tuberosity, lat linea aspera (short head bic fem)
    • I: Lateral - Biceps femoris - post head fibula
    • Medial - Semitendinosus - pes anserine
    •  Most medial - Semimembranosus - medial tibial condyle
    • A: Flex knee, ext hip (not b.f. short)
  21. Splenius Capitus
    O: SPs C3-T3 and nuchal ligamentI: Occ bone sup nuchal line , mastoid procA: Rot, lat flex neck, ext neck
  22. Semispinalis Capitus
    O: TPs C7-T6, AP C4-C6I: Occ bone inf to superior nuchal lineA: Ext neck, control later flex opp side
  23. Scalenes
    Anterior : TP Cx 3-6 (1 inside mid)Mid : TP Cx 2-7 (all but Cx1)1st ribFlex, lat flex, contra rotn, end of inspire (elvn R1)Posterior: TP Cx 5-7 (last 3)2nd ribLat flex, elvn R2
  24. Carpals

    Some  Lovers   Try      Positions

    That   They      Can't   Handle
    Scaphoid Lunate Triquetrum Pisiform

    Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate
  25. Wrist Flexors
  26. Wrist Extensors
  27. Rotator Cuff
  28. Scapular Dynamic Stabilisers
  29. Humeral mobilisers
  30. Elbow mobilisers (effect on GHJ)
  31. Sartorius (an anterior medial muscle)
    • O:ASIS
    • I: Pes anserine

    A: FABER (flex, abduct, ext rotate)
  32. Tensor Fasciae Latae
    (an anterior lateral muscle)
    • O: ASIS
    • I: ITB > Gerdy's tuburcule (anterior tibia below lat condyle)

    A: FABIR and stabilise and anterior tilt
  33. Gluteus Medius
    • O: outer ilium (lateral to glut max)
    • I: Greater trochanter (superior lateral)
    • A: Abduction of hip, stabilise
  34. Gluteus Minimus
    • O: Outer ilium, lateral and deep to glut med.
    • I: Greater trochanter (anterior)
    • A: Abduct hip, stabilise.
  35. Piriformis
    • O: Anterior sacrum
    • I: Greater trochanter (superior medial)
    • A: External rotation
  36. Quadratus femoris
    • O: Ischial tuberosity (lateral)
    • I: Greater trochanter (posterior, i.e. intertrochantic crest)

    A: External rotation
  37. Iliacus
    • O: Anterior Iliac fossa
    • I: Lesser trochanter
    • A: Flexion, external rotation, anterior tilt

    with psoas major, the prime flexor
  38. Psoas Major
    • O: TPs, body and discs of T12-L5
    • I: Lesser Trochanter
    • A: Flex (espec >90) and ext rotate hip
    •     Flex and ext rotate spine
    •     Anterior tilt