Motivation of the Liberal Reforms

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Anonymous
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219218
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Motivation of the Liberal Reforms
Updated:
2013-05-12 11:27:27
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Motivation of the Liberal Reforms
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  1. INTRO
    early 19th century
    • public/government attitudes toward poverty and how to help the poor
    • before, "laissez faire"

    Philanthropy strong theme but government intervention
  2. INTRO
    historian
    • C. Cross
    • "shocking reports of Rowntree"
  3. CONCERNS OVER POVERTY
    • investigations revealed true, unsuspected levels of poverty
    • Booth 35% London extreme poverty
  4. CONCERNS OVER POVERTY
    Booth's investigation
    • worse than socialists claimed - poverty was a huge problem
    • Rowntree 30% York
  5. CONCERNS OVER POVERTY
    Rowntree
    poverty was a national, widespread problem
  6. CONCERNS OVER POVERTY
    Nothing improved?
    • Potential social revolution imminent
    • R&B provided evidence politicians couldn't ignore
  7. PARTY ADVANTAGE
    • 1884 most working class men had the vote - attract
    • offering progressive social reforms, chance to seize power
  8. PARTY ADVANTAGE
    labour
    1906 newly formed Labour competing for votes

    P.Thane "fear of Labour"

    chance to retain working class votes
  9. PARTY ADVANTAGE
    liberals
    • last in power in 1886
    • desperate
    • thus, not passed due to genuine concern
  10. NATIONAL SECURITY
    • 1899 Boer War 25% volunteer recruits physical unfit
    • could Britain survive a War? Protect Empire?

    de Groot "politicians panicked"
  11. PARTY ADVANTAGE
    important
    1904 reports recommended the provision of school meals/medical inspections

    first reforms passed
  12. PARTY ADVANTAGE
    but
    not enough to influence whole set of reforms
  13. NATIONAL EFFICIENCY
    • no longer leading industrial nation - Germany competing
    • Health and Eduation worsened - Britains industrial power threatened
  14. NATIONAL EFFICIENCY
    as a result
    opened labour exchanges to minimise unemployment as was Churchills advice
  15. NATIONAL EFFICIENCY
    historian
    de Groot "more important than concern over poor"
  16. NATIONAL EFFICIENCY
    but
    • labour exchanges only a small part of reforms
    • Britain still powerful and wealthy
    • concerns over poverty revealed the extent of hardship
  17. THE RISE OF NEW LIBERALISM
    • Old Liberalists - poverty due to defects of character
    • New Liberalists - poverty imposed restrictions of choices available

    When New Liberalists Churchill and Lloyd George appointed - flood of social reforms
  18. THE RISE OF NEW LIBERALISM
    but
    • new liberalists not important in 1905 election campaign
    • no mention of social reform in manifesto

    great disagreements as to extent of reform
  19. FOREIGN EXAMPLES
    • Germany already had a system of welfare benefits and pensions
    • Gave the Gov something to think about
  20. FOREIGN EXAMPLES
    BUT
    • had no other countries to compare t to
    • Britain and Germany not identical

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