Basic Lab Data

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
219246
Filename:
Basic Lab Data
Updated:
2013-05-12 14:31:46
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CCEMTP
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taken from lecture outline
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  1. BNP is a marker of ___________ stretch
    ventricular
  2. If BNP value is > __________ there is a high likelihood of heart failure
    400 pg/mL
  3. Cardiac muscle injury, skeletal muscle injury, burns, trauma, renal failure, and surgical procedures will all cause an increase in _____
    levels. normal values are ____ -12 mcg/ml
    • myoglobin
    • 9
  4. ________ needs to be drawn serially.
    Troponin
  5. _________ is more specific for myocardial injury than CPK-MB
    troponin
  6. normal values for ___________ are 9-11 mg/dl
    calcium
  7. most common causes for hypercalcemia are ______ and _________
    • hyperparathyroidism¬†
    • cancer
  8. two significant causes for hypocalcemia are _____ and ______
    • burns
    • pancreatitis
  9. Vomiting, dehydration, metabolic alkalosis, excessive glucose administration, DKA, and stress will lead to hypo-________ which is less than 3.5mEq/L
    kalemia
  10. Kidney failure, acidosis, burns, crush injuries, can all lead to ________-kalemia
    hyper
  11. normal value for K is ______ to ______ mEq/L
    • 3.5
    • 5.0
  12. Calcium aids in ______transmission, muscle _____, and proper _______ function
    • neuro
    • contraction
    • heart
  13. ________ aids in fluid-electrolyte balance and the acid-base balance
    Na
  14. causes for elevated _________ include: chronic renal failure, DM, acute stress, pancreatitis, brain trauma, and some drugs including corticosteroids
    glucose
  15. Elevation of the BUN/creatinine ratio beyond ___:____ indicates _______ failure
    • 1
    • 10
    • renal
  16. causes of ________ uric acid includes: starvation, metabolic acidosis, shock, infection
    increased

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