PSYCH 140 Final

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  1. Traits
    A stable enduring quality that a person shows in most situations.
  2. Types
    A style of personality defined by a group of related traits.
  3. Self-Concept
    A person whose attention is directed outward; a bold outgoing person.
  4. Self-Esteem
    Regarding oneself as a worth while person. A positive evaluation of oneself.
  5. Big 5 Personality Test
    • -Extroversion- how introverted or extroverted one is
    • -Agreeableness- how friendly, nurturing, and caring a person is.
    • -Conscientious- Self-discipline, responsible, achieving.
    • -Openness to Experience- intelligent and open to new ideas.
  6. Han Essence- Personality Theory
    A system of concepts, assumptions, ideas and principles used to understand and explain personality.
  7. Freuds Psychosexual Theory
    • -Oral Stage- infants - pleasure by mouth
    • -The anal stage -age 1 to 3 - determined by how child is toilet trained. (Anal Retentive/expulsive)
    • -Latency- To puberty - quiet time in development
    • -Genital Stage- activates all of unresolved conflicts of earlier years. (Social sexual relationships)
  8. Neo Freudian - Alfred Adler
    • Striving for superiority, believed we are social people governed by social urges- not biological instincts
    • -Inferiority makes us want to be superior.
    • -People create their personality through choices and experiences. (Creative-self)
  9. Neo Freudian - Karen Horney
    • Rejected "anatomy is destiny.
    • -Challenged males were greater than females
    • -Disagreed with causes of neurosis.
    • -Basic anxiety comes from someone feeling lost or helpless in a hostile environment.
  10. Neo Freudian - Carl Jung
    • -Rejected ego stuff
    • -Introversion and extroversion
    • -Archetypes are found in collective unconscious.
    • -Self archetype is most important.
  11. Self-Actualizer
    • -Efficient perception of self reality-honesty
    • -Comfortable acceptance of self, others and nature
    • -Spontaneously
    • -Task centering- mission to fulfill.
    • -Anatomy- Independent
    • -Continued freshness of appreciation- appreciate goodness of everyday things
  12. Humanistic View
    Approach that focuses on human experience, problems, potentials and behavior.
  13. Humanistic View - Parts of,
    • -Free Choice- Ability to choose not controlled by genetics, learning or unconscious forces.
    • -Human Nature- Traits , qualities, potentials, and behavior patterns most characteristic of humans
    • -Subjective Experience- Private perceptions of reality
  14. Behavioral Personalities
    Masculine/ Feminine personality.
  15. Social Learning Theory
    • An explanation of personality that combines personality principles, cognition, and the effects of social relationships.
    • -Actions triggered by an expectancy-response will lead to reinforcement. REINFORCEMENT VALUE
  16. Self Efficacy - Social Learning Thry
    Belief in yourself to produce a desire result.
  17. Self Reinforcement - Social Learning Thry
    Praising or rewarding ones self for having made a particular response.
  18. MMPI-Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
    567 True false questions
  19. Rorschach Inkblot Test- Oldest
    • -10 standard inkblots
    • -detects emotional disturbances.
  20. TAT - Thematic Apperception Test
    Test consisting of 20 different stories and real life situations which the respondent make up stories.
  21. Schizophrenia Causes
    • -Enviornment- women who have influenza or rubella during pregnancy, Hostile environments violence and abuse
    • Heredity- May inherit the potential to develop schizophrenia - very few schist have kids.
    • Brain Chemistry- Disturbances in brain chemicals occur. Related to over activity in brain dopamine systems.
  22. Depressive Disorders
    Only sadness, despondency, and depression
  23. Bipolar Disorders
    People go up and down in moods not just depression.
  24. Anti-Social Disorder
    A person who lacks a conscience, is emotionally shallow, impulsive selfish and manipulative.
  25. Psychoanalysis
    • -Free Association- technique - having patient say anything that comes to mind
    • -Dream Analysis- analyzing dreams
    • -Resistance - A blockage in the flow of free association topics the client resist thinking/talking about.
    • -Transference - The tendency of patients to transfer feelings to a therapist that correspond to those the patient had for important person in their past.
  26. Myths of Psychotherapy
    • -Psychotherapy is not equally effective for all problems
    • -More complex problems can be difficult to solve
    • -The most extreme causes may not respond to psychotherapy at all, leaving medical therapy as the only viable treatment options.
  27. Insight therapies
    • -Intend to help clients gain deeper insight into their thoughts, emotions, and behavior.
    • -NOT ACTIONS just insight 
  28. Cognitive Therapy
    • Therapy that helps clients change thinking patterns that lead to problematic behaviors or emotions.
    • -Successfully treats Anxiety, PTSD, Mental Issues, and depression.
  29. Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
    Goal-To change irrational beliefs that cause emotional problems.
  30. Operant Therapies
    • -Positive Reinforcement
    • -Non reinforcement and Extinction
    • -Punishment
    • -Shaping
    • -Stimulus Control
    • -Time Out
  31. Medical Therapy
    • -Pharmacotherapy- use of drugs
    • -Electroconclusive therapy - electroshock
    • -Psychosurgery therapy - disconnecting frontal lobes from part of the brain.
  32. Future of Therapy
    • -More Therapy-lower cost
    • -more short term therapy and solution focused
    • -more precise medical therapies with fewer side effects
    • -more group therapies and paraprofessionals
    • -increase use of internet and phone counseling.
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PSYCH 140 Final
2013-05-13 00:38:41

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