PSYCH 140 Final
Card Set Information
PSYCH 140 Final
A stable enduring quality that a person shows in most situations.
A style of personality defined by a group of related traits.
A person whose attention is directed outward; a bold outgoing person.
Regarding oneself as a worth while person. A positive evaluation of oneself.
Big 5 Personality Test
-Extroversion- how introverted or extroverted one is
-Agreeableness- how friendly, nurturing, and caring a person is.
-Conscientious- Self-discipline, responsible, achieving.
-Openness to Experience- intelligent and open to new ideas.
Han Essence- Personality Theory
A system of concepts, assumptions, ideas and principles used to understand and explain personality.
Freuds Psychosexual Theory
-Oral Stage- infants - pleasure by mouth
-The anal stage -age 1 to 3 - determined by how child is toilet trained. (Anal Retentive/expulsive)
-Latency- To puberty - quiet time in development
-Genital Stage- activates all of unresolved conflicts of earlier years. (Social sexual relationships)
Neo Freudian - Alfred Adler
Striving for superiority, believed we are social people governed by social urges- not biological instincts
-Inferiority makes us want to be superior.
-People create their personality through choices and experiences. (Creative-self)
Neo Freudian - Karen Horney
Rejected "anatomy is destiny.
-Challenged males were greater than females
-Disagreed with causes of neurosis.
-Basic anxiety comes from someone feeling lost or helpless in a hostile environment.
Neo Freudian - Carl Jung
-Rejected ego stuff
-Introversion and extroversion
-Archetypes are found in collective unconscious.
-Self archetype is most important.
-Efficient perception of self reality-honesty
-Comfortable acceptance of self, others and nature
-Task centering- mission to fulfill.
-Continued freshness of appreciation- appreciate goodness of everyday things
Approach that focuses on human experience, problems, potentials and behavior.
Humanistic View - Parts of,
-Free Choice- Ability to choose not controlled by genetics, learning or unconscious forces.
-Human Nature- Traits , qualities, potentials, and behavior patterns most characteristic of humans
-Subjective Experience- Private perceptions of reality
Masculine/ Feminine personality.
Social Learning Theory
An explanation of personality that combines personality principles, cognition, and the effects of social relationships.
-Actions triggered by an expectancy-response will lead to reinforcement. REINFORCEMENT VALUE
Self Efficacy - Social Learning Thry
Belief in yourself to produce a desire result.
Self Reinforcement - Social Learning Thry
Praising or rewarding ones self for having made a particular response.
MMPI-Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
567 True false questions
Rorschach Inkblot Test- Oldest
-10 standard inkblots
-detects emotional disturbances.
TAT - Thematic Apperception Test
Test consisting of 20 different stories and real life situations which the respondent make up stories.
-Enviornment- women who have influenza or rubella during pregnancy, Hostile environments violence and abuse
Heredity- May inherit the potential to develop schizophrenia - very few schist have kids.
Brain Chemistry- Disturbances in brain chemicals occur. Related to over activity in brain dopamine systems.
Only sadness, despondency, and depression
People go up and down in moods not just depression.
A person who lacks a conscience, is emotionally shallow, impulsive selfish and manipulative.
-Free Association- technique - having patient say anything that comes to mind
-Dream Analysis- analyzing dreams
-Resistance - A blockage in the flow of free association topics the client resist thinking/talking about.
-Transference - The tendency of patients to transfer feelings to a therapist that correspond to those the patient had for important person in their past.
Myths of Psychotherapy
-Psychotherapy is not equally effective for all problems
-More complex problems can be difficult to solve
-The most extreme causes may not respond to psychotherapy at all, leaving medical therapy as the only viable treatment options.
-Intend to help clients gain deeper insight into their thoughts, emotions, and behavior.
-NOT ACTIONS just insight
Therapy that helps clients change thinking patterns that lead to problematic behaviors or emotions.
-Successfully treats Anxiety, PTSD, Mental Issues, and depression.
Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
Goal-To change irrational beliefs that cause emotional problems.
-Non reinforcement and Extinction
-Pharmacotherapy- use of drugs
-Electroconclusive therapy - electroshock
-Psychosurgery therapy - disconnecting frontal lobes from part of the brain.
Future of Therapy
-More Therapy-lower cost
-more short term therapy and solution focused
-more precise medical therapies with fewer side effects
-more group therapies and paraprofessionals
-increase use of internet and phone counseling.