Anatomy and physiology

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evguerra
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21933
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Anatomy and physiology
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2010-06-04 13:07:32
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chapter 41 anatomy and physiology
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  1. Anatomy
    Study calssification and descrioption of structures and organs of the body
  2. physiology
    explains the process and functions of various parts of the body and how they interrelate with one another
  3. Anterior
    frontal portion of the body
  4. posterior
    back of body
  5. cranial cavity
    toward the head. The brain is located in the cranial portion of the body
  6. superior
    toward the head above or above.The neck is superior to the shoulder
  7. inferior
    lower toward the feet or below another the foot is inferior to the ankle
  8. medial
    toward the midline. The sternum (breastbone) is located in the medial portion of the chest
  9. Lateral
    toward the side. The outer area of the lef the area located on the side
  10. proximal
    nearest the origin of the structure nearest the trunk. The elbox is proximal to the forearm
  11. distal
    farthest from the origin of the structure farthest from the trunk The finger are distal to the hand
  12. superficial
    nearer the surface. The skin of the arm is superficial to the muscle below it
  13. deep
    farther away from the body surface. The bone of the upper arm is deep to the muscle that surround and cover it
  14. BODY PLANE
    SAGITTAL PLANE
    RUNS LENGTHWIES FROM THE FRONT TO THE BACK . A SAGITTAL CUT GIVES A RIGHT AND LEFT PORTION OF THE BODY
  15. BODY PLANE
    MIDSAGITTAL LINE
    GIVES TWO EQUAL HALVES
  16. BODY PLANE
    CORONAL PLANE
    DIVIDES THE BODY INTO A VENTRAL(FRONT) SECTION AND DORSAL (BACK) SECTION
  17. BODY PLANE
    TRANSVERSE PLANE
    CUTS THE BODY HORIZONTALLY TO THE SAGITTAL AND THE FRONTAL PLANES DIVIDING THE BODY INTO CAUDAL AND CRANIAL PORTIONS
  18. BODY CAVATIES
    ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY
    ABDOMINAL
    LIVER GALLBLADDER STOMACH KIDNEYS SPLEEN PANCREAS SMALL INTESTINES AND PARTS OF LARGE INTESTINES
  19. BODY CAVATIES ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY
    PELVIC
    LOWER PORTION OF THE INTESTINES URINARY BLADER DN INTERNAL STRUCTURES OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  20. DIAPHRAGM
    A MUSCLE DIRECTLY BENEATH THE LUNGS SEPEREATES THE VENTRAL CAVITYINTO THE THORACIC AND ABDOMINAL CAVITIES.
  21. THORACIC CAVITY
    PLEURAL CAVITY
    SPACE SURROUNDING THE LUNGS (LEFT AND RIGHT)
  22. MEDIASTINUM
    CENTRALLY LOCATED AREA OUTSIDE OF AND BETWEEN THE LUNGS. IT CONTAINS THE HEART AORTA TRACHEA ESOPHAGUS THYMUS GLAND BRONCHIAL TIBES AND MANY LYMPH NODE
  23. DORSAL CAVITY
    CRANIAL
    BRAIN AND PITUITARY GLAND
  24. DORSAL CAVITY
    SPINAL
    NERVES OF THE SPINAl cord
  25. DORSAL CAVITY
    AXIAL
    TOWARD THE CENTER OF THE BODY
  26. DORSAL CAVITY
    APPENDICULAR
    TOWARDS THE LIMB
  27. ABDOMINAL REGIONS
    RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIAC
    RIGHT LOBE OF THE LIVER AND THE GALLBLADDER ARE VISIBLE
  28. EPIGASTRIC AREA
    PARTS OF THE RIGHT AND LEFT LOBE OF THE LIVER AND A LARGE PORTION OF THE STOMACH CAN BE SEEN
  29. LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC REGION
    SMALL PORTION OF THE STOMACH AND LARGE INTESTINES IS VISIBLE
  30. RIGHT LUMBER REGION
    PARTS OF THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINES
  31. UMBILICAL REGION
    PORTON OF THE TRANSERSE COLON AND LOOPS OD THE SMALL INTESTINES
  32. ATOMS
    SMALL PARTICLES THAT FORM THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF MATTER AND THE SMLLEST COMPLETE UNITS OF WHICH ALL MATTERS IS MADE. FOR EXAMPLE A MOLECULE OF WATER CONTAINS ONE ATOMS OF OXYGEN AND TWO ATOMS OF HYDROGEN
  33. CELLS
    CONSIDERED TO BE THE SMALLEST LIVING UNTIS OF STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE BODY
  34. TISSUE
    AN ORGANIZATION OF MANY SIMILAR CELLS THAT ACT TOGETHER TO PERFORM A COMMON FUNCTION
  35. system
    an organixation of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged so that they can togther perform complex functions for the body
  36. organ
    • group of several different kinds of tissue arranged so that they can together perform a special function
    • example of organization lungs are at the organ level
  37. organs of the respiratory system
    nose windpipe or tracheaz and the complex series of bronchial tubes that permit passage of air into the lungs
  38. Robert Hooke
    Discovered the first cell while examining plant fragments under the microscope nearly 300 years ago
  39. homeostasis
    a relative constancy in the internal environment of the body naturally maitained by the adaptive response

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