Science: Evolution

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Science: Evolution
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2013-05-13 17:28:24
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  1. Any change in the inherited characteristics over a long period of time
    Evolution
  2. Who is the "Father of Evolution"?
    Charles Darwin
  3. Where did Charles Darwin find his animals that he studied on?
    Galapagos Islands
  4. What did Charles Darwin use as evidence for evolution?
    Finches
  5. What is the only thing that varies about Finches?
    Their beaks
  6. What was the name of the last Galapagos Tortoise?
    Lonesome George
  7. He studied that organisms produce more offspring than can survive.Famine, disease, and poverty is a way of controlling the population
    Thomas Malthus
  8. He studied that species change due to the changing of the earth's surface.
    Charles Lyell
  9. What is the Theory of Inherited Characteristics?
    Organisms can change during their lifetimes by selectively using or not using various parts of their bodies and they could pass these acquired traits onto their offspring.
  10. What is an example of Theory of Inherited Characteristics?
    Giraffes could stretch their necks to reach higher leaves so the offspring will have slightly long necks than the parents.
  11. Who came up with the Theory of Inherited Characteristics?
    Jean Baptiste de Lamarck
  12. What was Darwin's theory?
    • Natural Selection:
    • That organisms with traits best suited for their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce
    • ("Survival of the Fittest")
  13. An inherited trait that makes an individual different from members of its own species
    Variation
  14. What is an example of Variation?
    Adaptation
  15. What is an example of an Adaptation?
    Camouflage
  16. Any variation that makes an organism better suited for its environment
    Adaptation
  17. What were the 3 similarities of the Finches?
    • Size
    • Color
    • Habits
  18. What were the differences of the Finches?
    Their beaks
  19. What were the short beaks used for?
    Eating nuts
  20. What were the Long Slender beaks used for?
    Eat insects
  21. What were the Medium beaks for?
    Eating both nuts and insects
  22. Finches evolved by their...
    Eating habits
  23. What were the 4 species of animals that are indigenous to the Galapagos Islands?
    • Galapagos Tortoise
    • Flightless Comorant
    • Galapagos Fur Seal
    • Galapagos penguin
  24. Where are the Galapagos islands?
    Central and South America
  25. How did the Galapagos Islands get to South and Central America?
    Volcanoes
  26. What were the 6 pieces of Evidence of Evolution?
    • Fossils
    • Embryology
    • Homologous Structures
    • Vestigial Structures
    • Analogous Structures
    • DNA
  27. What are Fossils?
    The remains of a previous orangisms
  28. What is Embryology?
    Study of embryos and their development
  29. What are Homologous Structures?
    Body parts that are similar in Structure and Function
  30. What are Vestigial Structures?
    Structures in the body that do not have a function, but once did
  31. What are Analogous Structures?
    Structures that are similar in function, but different in structure.
  32. How is DNA evidence?
    The closer the DNA is between the 2 organisms, indicates common ancestry
  33. What is an example of Fossils?
    Bones
  34. What is an example of Embryology?
    Gill slits and tails
  35. What is example of Homologous Structures?
    Dolphin and Seal's fins for swimming
  36. What is example of Vestigial Structures?
    Appendix in Humans
  37. What is example of Analogous Structures?
    The wing of a fly is made out of Chitin and a bird's wing is made out of bones and feathers, but they are both made for flying.
  38. What is an example of DNA?
    Dogs and bears have similar DNA, so they are ancestors
  39. Name and Describe 3 Traits all Primates have?
    • Opposable Thumbs:
    • Allows tree dwelling primates to grasp branches

    • Binocular vision:
    • Enables the organism to judge depth

    • Rotating Forelimbs:
    • Allows organisms to move from tree to tree
  40. What are the 2 groups of Primates?
    Prosimians and Anthropoids
  41. What 2 examples of Prosimians?
    Lemurs and Tarsiers
  42. What are 4 examples of Anthropoids?
    Monkeys, Humans, Hominids, and Apes.
  43. What are 6 traits that made Hominids different from other primates?
    • Ate meat and plants
    • Reduced canines
    • Large Molars
    • Bipedal or walking on 2 legs
    • Larger Brain Capacity
    • Human Like
  44. What does Ramid mean?
    Root
  45. The first hominids?
    Ardipithecus Ramidus
  46. How long ago did the Ardipithecus Ramidus live?
    4 Mya
  47. Australopithicus means?
    Southern Ape
  48. Where did Australopithecus live?
    South Africa
  49. How was Lucy named by Scientists?
    The Beatles Song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
  50. Was Australopithecus an ancestor of the modern humans?
    No
  51. What was human like about the Ardipithecus?
    Their teeth
  52. What was human-like about the Australopithecus?
    Their skull
  53. What was the brain capacity of the Ardipithecus Ramidus?
    375-500 cc
  54. How long ago did the Australopithecus live?
    3.5 mya
  55. What is the brain size of the Australopithecus?
    430 cc
  56. Could the Australopithecus walk upright?
    Yes
  57. What does Homo Habilis mean?
    Handy man
  58. How long ago did the Homo Habilis live?
    2 mya
  59. Brain size of the Homo Habilis?
    700-800 cc
  60. What does Homo Erectus mean?
    Upright man
  61. Where did the Homo Erectus live?
    Africa and Asia
  62. The Homo Erectus were the first to do what 2 things?
    Migrate and control fire
  63. Why were Homo Erectus thought to be an ancestor of humans?
    Their large brain and human like appearance
  64. What was the brain size of the Homo Erectus?
    1000 cc
  65. When did the humans evolve?
    400,000 years ago
  66. What are the 2 types of humans?
    Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon
  67. Where did the Homo Neanderthalensis live?
    Europe
  68. Describe the body of the Neanderthals
    Short, stocky, big bones, and muscles
  69. What was the brain size of Neanderthals?
    1600 cc
  70. What does Homo Sapien-Cro Magnon mean?
    Wise man
  71. What tools did the Cro-Magnon use?
    Bow, arrow, and fishing hook
  72. What were the Cro-Magnons known for?
    Their artwork on the cave walls
  73. What were the Cro-Magnons the first to do?
    Bury their dead
  74. What did Cro-magnons use as a fridge?
    Permafrost
  75. What was the Cro-Magnons brain size?
    1000 cc
  76. What does Indigenous mean?
    Native born

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