A & P Chapter 1

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Author:
emcadeho
ID:
219406
Filename:
A & P Chapter 1
Updated:
2013-05-15 13:46:04
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vocabulary
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Description:
body landmarks, cavities, and systems
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  1. anterior body trunk inferior to ribs.
    abdominal
  2. point of shoulder.
    acromial
  3. forearm
    antebrachial
  4. anterior surface of elbow.
    antecubital
  5. armpit
    axillary
  6. arm
    brachial
  7. cheek area
    buccal
  8. wrist
    carpal
  9. neck region
    cervical
  10. hip
    coxal
  11. leg
    crural
  12. curve of shoulder formed by large deltoid muscle.
    deltoid
  13. fingers, toes
    digital
  14. thigh
    femoral
  15. lateral part of leg
    fibular
  16. forehead
    frontal
  17. area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
    inguinal
  18. chin
    mental
  19. nose area
    nasal
  20. mouth
    oral
  21. eye area
    orbital
  22. anterior knee
    patellar
  23. area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
    pelvic
  24. gental region
    pubic
  25. breastbone area
    sternal
  26. ankle region
    tarsal
  27. chest
    thoracic
  28. naval
    umbilical
  29. heel of foot
    calcaneal
  30. head
    cephalic
  31. buttock
    gluteal
  32. area of back between ribs and hips, the loin
    lumbar
  33. posterior surface of head or base of skull.
    occipital
  34. posterior surface of elbow
    olecranal
  35. posterior knee area
    popliteal
  36. area between hips
    sacral
  37. shoulder blade region
    scapular
  38. the posterior surface of leg; the calf
    sural
  39. area of spinal column
    vertebral
  40. sole of the foot
    plantar
  41. body is erect with the feet parallel and the arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing forward. (all body parts facing forward)
    Anatomical Position
  42. toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body: above.
    Superior
  43. away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below.
    Inferior
  44. Toward or at the front of the body; in the front of.
    Anterior
  45. Toward or at the backside of the body; behind.
    Posterior
  46. toward or at the midline of the body, on the inner side of.
    medial
  47. away from the midline of the body, on the outer side of.
    lateral
  48. close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
    proximal
  49. farther from the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
    distal
  50. toward or at the body surface.
    superficial
  51. away from the body surface, more internal
    deep
  52. refers to a body lying horizontally with the face downward.
    prone
  53. refers to a body lying with face upward.
    supine
  54. bending; the movement that decreases the angle of a joint.
    flexion
  55. movement that increases the angle of a joint; eg. straightening a flexed knee.
    extension
  56. past being straight
    hyperextension
  57. up and down movement that includes lifting the foot so that its superior surface approaches the shin. standing on your heels.
    dorsiflexion
  58. moving the superior surface of the foot away from the shin. stepping on gas pedal
    plantarflexion
  59. moving a limb away from the body.
    abduction
  60. moving a limb toward the body.
    adduction
  61. moving shoulders up
    elevation
  62. moving shoulders down.
    depression
  63. sole of foot in
    inversion
  64. sole of foot out
    eversion
  65. thumb and forefinger together
    radial deviation
  66. thumb and forefinger away
    unlnar deviation
  67. forearm rotates laterally, palm faces anteriorly, radius and ulna are parallel
    supination
  68. forearm rotates medially, palm faces posteriorly, radius and ulna cross forming an X
    pronation

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