pbj final.txt

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pbj final.txt
2013-05-13 15:20:47
human services

review of PBJ 202
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  1. • Task groups
    • •Very goal specific •
    • specific purpose •
    • meet client needs ex) treatment teams, case review meetings •
    • meet organizational needs ex) boards of directors and various committees •
    • meet community needs ex) coalitions, social-action groups
    • • ex) a committee, a class
  2. • Treatment groups
    • •More open ended •
    • a support group •
    • meet individual needs from a group perspective •
    • provides several perspectives •
    • comfortable early •
    • feel accepted •
    • ex) AA
  3. • Purpose of group
    • Purpose articulated in the beginning
    • •Definition of purpose = Group goals- together
    • role of members- their group, they benefit
    • role of facilitator- get discussion going; does not have to be the group leader
  4. • Time limited group
    •Usually associated with task specific committees or groups designed to accomplish a task with a defined end
  5. • Opened-Ended
    • Ongoing •
    • open support groups
  6. Closed group
    • •Specific membership •
    • only certain people •
    • limited •
    • ex) alumni (everyone in the group “belongs”)
  7. Open group
    • Membership can change •
    • variety of points of view
  8. Management skills
    • Building rapport with the participants (teens in this case and agency workers in this case)
    • Ability to use active listening •
    • Understanding of multiple viewpoints •
    • Ability to gather evidence and apply to program •
    • Ability to incorporate community resources to extend program effectiveness •
    • Team work •
    • Ability to take management through the planning process while defining program goals and expected outcomes
    • Assessment of group strengths in comparison with other presenting groups
  9. Relationship violence
    a pattern of behavior in an intimate relationship that is used to establish power and control over another person through fear and intimidation. Whether you refer to an experience as dating violence, domestic violence, intimate partner violence or relationship violence, all terms mean that one partner has gained more power over time through the use of controlling tactics.
  10. Number of relationships impacted by abuse
    • around 30%
    • 1 in 3 women are survivors of relationship abuse •
    • 1 in 4 men are survivors of relationship abuse
  11. • Number of elderly abused and neglected
    • •60% of abuse victims are women
    • 65% are white
    • 60% occur in the home
    • 8% occur in institutions •
    • intentional actions that cause harm or create a serious risk of harm (whether or not harm is intended) to a vulnerable elder by a caregiver or other person who stands in a trust relationship to the elder. This includes failure by a caregiver to satisfy the elder’s basic needs or to protect the elder from harm
  12. Neglect
    to pay no attention or too little attention to; disregard or slight • to be remiss in the care or treatment of; to omit, through indifference or carelessness; • to fail to carry out or perform
  13. Abuse
    •to use wrongly or improperly; misuse • to treat in a harmful, injurious, or offensive way; to speak insultingly, harshly, and unjustly to or about; to commit sexual assault upon • to deceive or mislead
  14. Cycle of violence
    • •Incident: any type of abuse occurs
    • •Tension Building: abuser starts to get angry; abuse may begin; there is a breakdown of communication; victim feels the need to keep the abuse calm; tension becomes too much; victim feels like they are “walking on egg shells”
    • • Making-Up: abuser may apologize for abuse; abuser may promise it will never happen again; abuser may blame the victim for causing the abuse; abuser may deny abuse took place or say it was not as bad as the victim claims
    • • Calm: abuser acts like the abuse never happened; physical abuse may not be taking place; promises made during ‘making-up’ may be met; victim may hope that the abuse is over; abuser may give gift to victim
  15. 7 ways aging is defined
    • •Infant: first four years; develop many characteristics
    • •Childhood: ages 4-13; develop personal intelligence and character
    • •Teenager: 14-22; impulsive activity
    • Young adult: 23- adult; mature manner; not impulsive
    • Adulthood: 5th decade of life; believe life has passed them by
    • Retirement: 55; develop wisdom and perspective
    • Elderly: 67; cooling pace of life
  16. Factors that contribute to the increase of grandparents as caregivers
    • •Slower starts: marrying later
    • Immigration: large numbers; more likely to live in multigenerational family
    • Availability of kin: more baby boomers
    • Health and disability issues: chronic conditions
    • Economic conditions: the Great Recession
  17. • HIV and AIDS
    • •HIV is a virus •
    • HIV is the virus that causes AIDS •
    • there is no cure for AIDS •
    • a person cannot get HIV/AIDS by sharing a cup, eating utensil, etc. •
    • insects can’t transmit HIV •
    • HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  18. • Stages of grief/processing
    • 1) Shock and denial
    • 2) Pain and guilt
    • 3) Anger and bargaining
    • 4) Depression, reflection, loneliness
    • 5) The upward turn
    • 6) Working through
    • 7) Acceptance and hope
  19. Stages of grief in children
    • Disorganization: Regressional development
    • - Temper tantrums
    • - Exaggerated fears (younger children)
    • - Lack of concentration
    • - Mood swings
    • Transition: - Feelings of hopelessness
    • - Helplessness and despair
    • - May be characterized in school by giving up, aggressive behavior, withdrawal
    • - Keep close eye on
    • Reorganization: Detachment can be possible
    • - Depending on moving toward acceptance and understanding, or anger
    • - Increase in energy, motivation, focus and moved towards a resolution (can be positive or negative)
  20. Passive behavior
    Passive people tend not to want to face up to difficult problems and situations because they are frightened of upsetting others.
  21. Assertive behavior
    •the direct communication of one’s needs, wants and opinions without punishing, threatening or putting down the other person.
  22. • Aggressive behavior
    •is reactionary and impulsive behavior that often results in breaking household rules or the law; aggressive behavior is violent and unpredictable
  23. Developmental disabilities
    • A specific severe, chronic disability of a person 5 years of age or older that: •
    • is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of a mental and physical impairments •
    • is manifested before the person attains age 22 •
    • is likely to continue indefinitely •
    • results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity:
    • self-care
    • language and communication
    • learning
    • mobility
    • self-direction
    • capacity for independent living
    • economic self-sufficiency
  24. Different types of developmental disabilities
    • •mental retardation •
    • cerebral palsy •
    • autism spectrum disorders •
    • hearing problems •
    • epilepsy •
    • specific learning disabilities •
    • other conditions
  25. Is a mental health diagnoses considered a disability?
    • •called a psychiatric disability • mental illness significantly interferes with the performance of major life activities, such as learning, working, and communicating, among others •
    • ex) anxiety disorders and mood disorders
  26. Wellness
    •a sense of happiness, joy, satisfaction, and balance