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2013-05-13 20:11:52
Art history Elements principles

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  1. What are the 7 elements of art?
    • line- horizontal, vertical, diagonal, straight, implied by gaze, lines around shape 'contour', orthogonal (to point), lines create planes, planes suggest volume, directional line points or moves the eye in a particular direction. 
    • shape- Open/closed, geometric, biomorphic or organic, 
    • form
    • color
    • texture
    • space
    • value
  2. List the 7 principles of art
    • Line
    • Shape
    • Form
    • Value
    • Colour
    • Space
    • Texture
  3. Define Line:
    Key words: Structural-hold design, outline-edges of an object, contour-describe shape and add detail, gesture-suggest movement and emphasise direction, sketch-depict detail, implied-suggests a line is present without it being drawn, line of sight-implied line between figure's focal point and object, horizontal-ocean, calm, resting, balance, diagonal-movement, dynamic, energy, action, vertical-heoght, stability, dignity, structure
  4. Define shape and form:
    • Shape: 2D, h w no depth.
    • Form: 3D, h w d.
    • Geometric: Sharp, perfect in dimensions, precise
    • Organic: Rounded/soft edge, free flowing
    • Static: Appear still and composed
    • Dynamic: Describe movement
    • Curved:
    • Angular:
    • Positive: Tangible, actual aspects of design.
    • Negative: Spaces between positive.
    • Symbolic: Communicate ideas
  5. Define value (tone)
    • Tone:Lightness or darkness
    • Contrast: Strong contrast create drama
    • High Key: Painting in lighter colour scheme
    • Low Key: Painting in darker colour scheme
    • Tint: White added to lighten colour
    • Shade: Black added to darken colour
    • Chiaroscuro: Light-Dark, balance between light and shade used to add dimension. 
    • Shading: Used to replicate lightness and darkness.
  6. Define Colour:
    • Colour Wheel:divided into 6 containing three p. and three s. colours
    • Primary:Cannot be made by mixing any other colours
    • Secondary: Made by mixing primary
    • Complementary: Opposite each other on the colour wheel
    • Analogous: Colours near each other on wheel, create harmony
    • Monochromatic: Made from tints and shades of one colour
    • Cool: Features of blue/green
    • Warm: Features of red/yellow
    • Intensity:Brightness of a colour
    • Spectrum:
    • Value: Lightness or darkness of a colour
    • Hue: Name of colour itslef
    • Neutral: Black, white, grey
  7. Define space:
    • Positive: Object being viewed
    • Negative: Space around object
    • Picture plane: Surface on which the artist works
    • Composition: Organisation and placement of elements (symmetrical, asymmetrical)
    • Linear Perspective: Use of lines to create depth
    • Atmospheric perspective: Created by objects overlapping and getting smaller as they recede
    • Abstract: Displays few or no reference to real objects
    • Non-representational: Where no figures or objects appear at all
  8. Define texture:
    • Real- When the texture can be felt or seen
    • Implied- Simulated or invented texture
  9. Balance
    • Symmetrical balance: Same on both sides
    • Approximate symmetry: two sides of composition varied
    • Asymmetrical balance: Contrast elements that may not seem to be balanced
    • Radial balance: Parts of a degisn turn around a central point
    • Unity/harmony: Elements of an artwork work together as a whole created by repetition or dominance.
  10. Contrast:
    • Contrast- Create a statement, entice viewer, create attention
    • Achieved through: Materials, line, shape form and size, value, colour, textures, time and style, ideas.
  11. Movement and rhythm:
    • Visual rhythm: Produced by repeating one or several units of a design
    • Kinetic Art: Includes actively moving parts
    • Compositional Movement: Neither action nor record of action, by comparing two stationary objects, leading viewer to focal point
    • Progressive rhythm: May be produced by repeating one or more motifs in a recognisable or predictable order
  12. Early renaissance:
    New interest in calssical forms and an analytical and scientific approach to art

    Perspective, foreshortening began to be used.
  13. High Renaissance:
    • "Rebirth"
    • Renewed interest in culture of classical antiquity
  14. Impressionism:
    • Visible brushstrokes
    • Light colours
    • Open composition
    • Emphasis on light in its changing qualities
    • Ordinary subject matter
    • Unusual visual angles
    • Realistic scenes of modern life
    • Colours applied side by side with little mixing
  15. Post Impressionism:
    • Emotional use of colour and creation of pattern
    • Reaction against limitation of impressionism
    • Thick application of paint
    • Distinctive brushstrokes
    • Vivid colours
    • More emphasis on geometric forms
  16. Fauvism
    • Emphasised painterly qualities
    • Simplified lines
    • Exaggerated perspective
    • Brilliant but arbitrary colours
    • Believed colour to be an emotional force
  17. Expressionism
    • Distorted reality for emotional effect
    • Implies emotional angst
    • Captured vivid emotional reactions through powerful colours and dynamic compositions
    • Sought to capture emotions and subjextive interpretations
    • Aimed to reflect their state of mind rather than the reality of external world
  18. Cubism
    • Analytical cubism artists rejected the idea of representing objects from one view point
    • Sough to show objects from multiple viewpoints

    Synthetic cubism artist used imagined or artificial shapes to look like objects. introduced collage.
  19. Surrealism
    • Characterised by representations of dreamlike images and landscapes
    • Based on combination of unrelated objects and contrasting forms.
    • Executed with highly defined skill to give them meaning or reality.
    • Though of society as problematic and cam to agree that the unconscious mind is a higher reality, made unreal and dream-like works
  20. Pop art
    • Characterised by its use of themes and techniques drawm from mass culture, such as advertising or comic books
    • Challenged boundary between high art and low art of pop culture
    • Seen as reaction to abstract expressionism
  21. Post Modernism:
    • Uses a vocabulary of media, genres or styles as parts of an extended visual language
    • Basis behind postmodern art is that all forms of artistic rebellion have already been explored. postmodernists typically collect influences from all periods and schools
  22. Banksy:
    With his iconic and often satirical, politically charged, decorative and ridiculous graffiti, the pseudonymous and curious Banksy has become the world's most celebrated graffiti artist.
  23. 1st sentence
    Born in 1975, he was raised in Bristol, England.
  24. 3rd sentence
    Originally training as a butcher, banksy first expressed interest in graffiti art in the late 1980's, a time referred to as "the great aerosol boom"
  25. 4th sentence:
    He began as a free-hand artist, and later transitioned to using stencils, apparently after noticing a road work stencil whilst hiding from the police.
  26. 5th sentence:
    Banksy has a strong cultural background, emerging from the Bristol underground scene, characterised by a strong relationship between music and art, particularly graffiti. Referred to as "a massive melting pot of different cultures", Bristol has developed a distinctive reputation in the world of art.
  27. To this day, the true identity or even existence of banksy is unknown, despite a number of desperate measures to reveal the artist, such as the analysis of DNA present on a pizza box supposedly discarded by the artist. Banksy's anonymity perpetuates the idea that the artwork should and does hold a great deal more importance than the artist behind it. 
  28. It is no revelation that banksy prides himself on pushing the limits of acceptable in societies all over the world. He makes strong social and political commentary within his work, known for his satirical responses.