Sociology chap. 11 race and ethinicity

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Sociology chap. 11 race and ethinicity
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2013-05-15 09:47:25
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sociology
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sociology
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  1. race
    a socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important
  2. ethnicity
    a shared cultural heritage
  3. stereotype
    a simplified description applied to every person in some category
  4. prejudice
    a rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people
  5. discrimination
    unequal treatment of various categories of people
  6. segregation
    the physical and social separation of categories of people
  7. racism
    the belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another
  8. prejudice refers to attitudes; discrimination is a matter of action
  9. institutional prejudice and discrimination
    bias built into the operation of society's institutions (including schools, hospitals, law enforcement, etc...)
  10. pluralism
    a state in which people of all races and ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standing
  11. assimilation
    the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of dominant culture
  12. Chinese
    • chinese immigrantion began in 1849 (CA's Gold Rush Era)
    • worked for cheap labor
    • took low-status jobs that whites didn't want
    • 1870s - seen as a threat to the whites b/c the chinese

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