Discuss the effect that the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 has had on sentencing in the federal judiciary.
The federal government passed the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 that was a form of presumptive sentencing and became a model for the sentencing reform of several states. The goas was to eliminate sentencing disparity through the use of guidelines that were based on both offense and offender characteristics. When the federal government adopted this from of sentencing, they eliminated the Federal Parol Commission, and the need for parole officers. Federal prisoners must serve 85% of their sentence prior to being released. After that, they are conditionally released and ar supervised by federal probation officers.