Unit 5 Exam

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johama4
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219581
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Unit 5 Exam
Updated:
2013-05-14 12:14:19
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Anatomy Physiology
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Respiratory, Urinary, Digestive, Reproductive Systems review
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  1. vocal cord attachment
    arytenoid cartilage
  2. true vocal cords
    inferior
  3. longer, more horizontal primary bronchi
    left
  4. primary bronchi larger in diameter
    right
  5. food passageway posterior to the trachea
    esophagus
  6. increases air turbulence in the nasal cavity
    conchae
  7. cells use oxygen, release carbon dioxide
    cellular respiration
  8. shaped like a signet ring
    cricoid cartilage
  9. 2 functions of the nasal cavity mucosa
    trap debris, and moisten incoming air
  10. site of tonsils
    pharynx
  11. contains vocal cords
    larynx
  12. pleural layer lining the walls of the thorax
    parietal pleura
  13. site from which oxygen enters pulmonary blood
    alveolus
  14. connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx
    pharyngotympanic tube
  15. opening between the vocal folds
    glottis
  16. gas exchange between blood and air-filled chambers of the lungs
    external respiration
  17. gas exchange between blood and tissue cells
    internal respiration
  18. forms the Adam's apple
    thyroid cartilage
  19. separates oral and nasal cavity
    palate
  20. connects larynx to primary bronchi
    trachea
  21. large, red organ above the stomach
    liver
  22. finger-like extensions of small intestine lining
    villi
  23. conducts food from mouth to stomach
    esophagus
  24. absorbs water, forms feces
    large intestine
  25. wprm-like extension of the cecum
    appendix
  26. helps to initiate swallowing
    tongue
  27. stores bile
    gall bladder
  28. produces saliva
    salivary gland
  29. initiates protein digestion
    stomach
  30. valve between small and large intestines
    ileocecal valve
  31. has sphincters and controls feces release from the body
    anus
  32. site of most food absorption
    small intestine
  33. structure attached to lesser curvature of stomach
    lesser omentum
  34. sacculations of large intestine
    haustra
  35. attached to greater curvature of stomach
    greater omentum
  36. valve at stomach exit
    pyloric valve
  37. initial mechanical breakdown site
    oral cavity
  38. attached to uvula
    soft palate
  39. conduit for food and air
    pharynx
  40. stomach folds
    rugae
  41. pairs of permanent teeth
    16
  42. gastric glands produce
    hydrochloric acid
  43. stomach has how many layers of smooth muscle
    3
  44. does gallbladder produce or store bile
    store
  45. Brunner's glands are found in
    small intestine
  46. hardest substance found in body
    enamel
  47. what is a kuppfer cell and where would you find them
    phagocytes found in liver sinusoids that destroy debris
  48. location of the testes
    scrotum
  49. empties secretions into prostatic urethra
    prostate gland
  50. sperm maturation site
    epididymis
  51. tip of penis
    glans penis
  52. transports both sperm and urine
    penile urethra
  53. site of sperm production
    testes
  54. loose fold of skin encircling glans penis
    prepuce
  55. empties secretions into membranous urethra
    bulbourethral glands
  56. large glands that add most of the fluid to the semen
    seminal vesicles
  57. muscular pathway that conveys sperm to the ejaculatory duct
    vas deferens
  58. copulatory device
    penis
  59. portion of urethra between prostate gland and penis
    membranous urethra
  60. portion of urethra in prostate gland
    prostatic urethra
  61. structure containing nerves, blood vesseld, and vas deferens
    spermatic cord
  62. birth canal
    vagina
  63. produces eggs, estrogen, and progesterone
    ovary
  64. site of fetal development
    uterus
  65. finger-like extensions of the fallopian tubes
    fimbrae
  66. entrance to the uterus
    cervix
  67. tubes coming off the upper part of the uterus
    uterine tubes
  68. becomes erectile during sexual excitement
    clitoris
  69. uterine muscle
    myometrium
  70. lining of the uterus
    endometrium
  71. membrane, partially closes the vaginal canal
    hymen
  72. chromosomes that come from different parents
    homologous
  73. surge in leutenizing hormones causes
    ovulation
  74. d or h
    spermatazoa
    haploid
  75. d or h
    primary spermatocyte
    diploid
  76. d or h
    spermatid
    haploid
  77. d or h
    spermatogonium
    diploid
  78. d or h
    secondary spermatocyte
    haploid
  79. d or h
    sperm cell
    haploid
  80. Containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.
    diploid
  81. Having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
    haploid
  82. produces urine
    kidney
  83. kidney region containing mainly collecting ducts
    medulla
  84. superficial region of kidney tissue
    cortex
  85. cortical tissue between medullary pyramids
    renal column
  86. carries urine to the urinary bladder
    ureters
  87. membrane on the kidney's surface
    renal capsule
  88. stores urine
    bladder
  89. basin-like area of the kidneys
    renal pelvis
  90. carries urine outside the body
    urethra
  91. located on top of the kidneys
    adrenal glands
  92. carries blood into the kidneys
    renal artery
  93. carries blood from the kidneys
    renal vein
  94. voluntary sphincter
    external
  95. site of filtrate formation
    glomerulus
  96. conveys urine to renal pelvis
    collecting duct
  97. inner membrane of the filtration membrane
    glomerular capsule
  98. blood supply receiving substances from tubular cells
    peritubular capillaries
  99. primary site of tubular reabsorption
    PCT
  100. artery entering glomerulus
    afferent arteriole
  101. artery leaving glomerulus
    efferent arteriole
  102. secondary site of tubular reabsorption
    DCT
  103. ptosis
    dropping of kidney
  104. respiratory center
    medulla oblangata and pons
  105. blood supply to liver
    hepatic artery and hepatic portal vein
  106. functional tubes of kidneys
    nephrons

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