Tacoma Test

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jessjohnson0617
ID:
219615
Filename:
Tacoma Test
Updated:
2013-05-16 17:32:32
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firefighter orientation
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Fire & Police Selection, Inc 2009
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  1. This amount of all fire departments provide ambulance service for victims.
    about half
  2. According to the "nature of the job", what are the specific duties a firefighter can be assigned to by their superior officer at a fire?
    • connect hose lines to hydrants
    • operate a pump to send water to high pressure hoses
    • position ladders to enable them to deliver water to the fire
    • rescue victims
    • provide emergency medical attention as needed
    • ventilate smoke filled areas
    • attempt to salvage the contents of a building
    • sometimes they can be there for days a time
  3. What are all the settings a firefighter is expected to work in?
    • urban and suburban areas
    • airports
    • chemical plants
    • other industrial sites
    • rural areas like grasslands and forests
    • some work in hazmat units - trained for control, prevention and cleanup of oil spills and hazmat incidents
  4. Who/what are the forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists?
    spot fires from watchtowers and report their findings to headquarters by telephone or radio
  5. What are the duties (related to fire) that a forest ranger has?
    patrol to ensure travelers and campers comply with fire regulations
  6. What is one of the most effective means of battling the blaze of forest fires?
    by creating fire lines though cutting down trees and digging out grass and all other combustible vegetation, creating bare that has no fuel
  7. What are smoke jumpers and why is their job dangerous?
    • parachute from airplanes to reach otherwise inaccessible areas
    • hazardous because the crews have no way to escape if wind shifts causing the fire to burn towards them
  8. What do firefighters do between alarms?
    • clean and maintain equipment
    • conduct practice drills and fire inspections
    • participate in physical fitness activities
    • prepare written reports on fire incidents
    • review fire science literature
    • keep abreast of technological developments, changing admin practices and policies
  9. What are the main risks involved in fighting fire that could cause death or injury?
    • sudden caving of floors
    • toppling walls
    • traffic accidents when responding to calls
    • exposure to flames and smoke
    • coming into contact with poisonous, flammable, explosive gases and chemicals, radioactive/hazmat
  10. What are typical working hours for firefighters?
    • many work 50 hrs a week, sometimes longer
    • may be on duty for 24hrs, then off for 48hrs, will receive an extra day off at intervals
    • may work day shifts of 10hrs for 3 or 4 days, night shift of 14hrs for 3 or 4 nights, have 3 or 4 days off, then repeat the cycle
    • will often work extra hours on scene
    • regularly assigned to work holidays
    • Captains/Lieutenants often work same hours as their FFs
    • duty hours include when FFs study, train, and perform fire prevention duties
  11. This percentage of fire companies are staffed by volunteers
    70%
  12. Paid career firefighters held this many jobs in 2002.
    282,000
  13. First line supervisors/managers of firefigthing and prevention workers held about this many jobs in 2002
    63,000
  14. Fire inspectors held this many jobs in 2002
    14,000
  15. About ___ out of ___ firefighting workers were employed by municipal or count fire departments
    9 out of 10
  16. Some municipalities have combined these things to make one single organization commonly referred to as a public safety organization.
    • fire prevention
    • public fire education
    • safety
    • EMS
  17. Applicants for municipal firefighting jobs generally must....
    pass a written exam, strength and physical stamina test, coordination and agility tests, and a medical exam that includes a drug screen
  18. Through classroom and practical training, recruits will study....
    • firefighting techniques
    • fire prevention
    • hazmat control
    • local building code
    • EMS procedures including first aid and CPR
    • use of axes, chain saws, fire extinguishers, ladders and other firefighting and rescue equipment
  19. A number of fire departments have accredited apprenticeships lasting up to ______.
    5 years
  20. Technical instruction covered in an apprenticeship program includes...
    • firefighting techniques and equpiments
    • chamical hazards associated with various combustible building materials
    • EMS procedures
    • fire prevention and safety
  21. Training sessions sponsored by the US National Fire Academy cover topics including...
    • executive development
    • anti-arson techniques
    • disaster preparedeness
    • hazmat control
    • public safety and education
  22. Personal qualities a firefighter needs are...
    • mental alterness
    • self-discipline
    • courage
    • mechanical apptitude
    • endurance
    • strength
    • sense of public service
    • initiative
    • good judgement
    • dependable
    • able to get along well with others
  23. In order progress into higher level positions, firefighters must acquire expertise in these areas
    • advanced firefighting equipment and techniques
    • building construction
    • EMS technology
    • writing
    • public speaking
    • management and budgeting procedures
    • public relations
  24. Opportunities for promotion depend upon....
    • written exam results
    • job performance
    • interviews
    • seniority
    • fire dept are increasingly using assessment centers that simulate a variety of actual job performance tasks
  25. The line of promotion is usually (in order)...
    • engineer
    • lieutenant
    • captain
    • battalion chief
    • assistant chief
    • deputy chief
    • chief
  26. Most job growth in the fire service will occur from...
    volunteer positions being converted to paid positions
  27. Besides job growth, openings in the fire service occur when...
    • firefighters retire
    • stop working for other reasons
    • transfer to other occupations
  28. Median hourly earnings of firefighters were _____ in 2002
    $17.42
  29. The middle 50% of paid firefighters earned between _____ and _____ in 2002
    $12.52 and $22.96
  30. The lowest 10% of all paid firefighters earned less than _____  in 2002
    $8.51
  31. The highest 10% of all paid firefighters earned more than _____ in 2002
    $28.22
  32. Median hourly earnings in local government, Federal Government, and State government in 2002 were _____, ______, and ______ (in order).
    • $17.92
    • $15.96
    • $13.58
  33. Median annual earnings of first line supervisors/managers of firefighting and fire prevention workers were ______ in 2002.
    $55,450
  34. The middle 50% of first line supervisors/managers earned between ____ and ____ in 2002
    $43,920 and $68,480
  35. The lowest and the highest 10% of first line supervisors and managers earned less than ____ and more than ____ in 2002
    $34,190 and $84,730
  36. First line supervisors/managers of firefighting and prevention workers who were employed in local government earned about ______/year in 2002
    $56,390
  37. $44,250 in the median annual earnings of _____ in 2002
    fire inspectors
  38. The middle 50% of fire inspectors in 2002 earned between _____ and _____.
    $33,880 and $56,100
  39. The lowest 10% of fire inspectors earned less than _____ in 2002 and the highest 10% earned more than _____
    • $26,350
    • $69,060
  40. Fire inspectors and investigators employed in local government earned about _____ a year in 2002
    $46,820
  41. According to the International City-County Management Association, the average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Fire Chiefs were ______ for minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $64,134
    • $82,225
  42. According to the International City-County Management Association, the
    average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Deputy Chiefs were ______ for
    minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $56,522
    • $72,152
  43. According to the International City-County Management Association, the
    average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Assistant Fire Chiefs were ______ for minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $55,645
    • $69,036
  44. According to the International City-County Management Association, the
    average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Battalion Chiefs were ______ for minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $54,935
    • $68,673
  45. According to the International City-County Management Association, the
    average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Fire Captains were ______ for
    minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $45,383
    • $54,463
  46. According to the International City-County Management Association, the
    average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Fire Lieutenants were ______ for minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $41,800
    • $49,404
  47. According to the International City-County Management Association, the
    average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Fire Prevention/Code Inspectors were ______ for minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $40,387
    • $51,531
  48. According to the International City-County Management Association, the
    average salaries in 2002 for sworn full-time Engineers were ______ for
    minimum annual salary base and ______ for maximum annual salary base.
    • $38,656
    • $48,678
  49. Special benefits that firefighters receive usually include...
    • medical and liability insurance
    • vacation and sick leave
    • some paid holidays
  50. This disease is the leading cause of death in the US, accounting for one million deaths per year.
    Cardiovascular disease
  51. The USFA aims to reduce the number of firefighter deaths by ____ by 2005
    25%
  52. Cardiovascular disease refers to a state of disease in the _______.
    blood vessels
  53. What happens when blood vessels become narrow from CVD?
    blood, O2, and the nutrients in carries cannot be delivered to the vital organs of the body
  54. Heart attacks occur when....
    the blood flow to the heart muscle is impeded.
  55. These are two specific types of CVD that cause the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle to be blocked
    • coronary heart disease (CHD)
    • coronary artery disease (CAD)
  56. What happens when there is an obstruction in a coronary vessel?
    the tissue below the blockage does not get adequate O2
  57. Ischemia is....
    a severe lack of O2
  58. Define artery
    a tubular vessel which carries oxygenated blood from the heart through the body
  59. Atherosclerosis refers to the disease condition in which...
    plaque builds up in arterial walls causing the size of the vessel opening to become narrower
  60. Strong evidence shows that the build up of plaque in the arterial walls can occur as early as ____ for many ppl in developed countries of the western world
    20s
  61. In many individuals, the first sign of CVD is....
    a fatal heart attack
  62. Modifiable risks factors for CVD include:
    • diet
    • exercise
    • personal habits
    • cholesterol-lipid fractions
    • cigarette smoling
    • diabete mellutis
    • hypertension
    • obesity
    • physical inactivity
  63. Non-modifiable risk factors for CVD include:
    • age
    • heredity (family history is defined as premature death - before 55 in males and before 65 in females - of a parent or sibling from CVD)
    • race
    • gender (men are more likely to suffer from CVD at a younger age than women - 45 is risk factor for men; 55 is risk factor for women)
  64. Approximately __% of the adult population in the US smokes and approximately ______ young people take up the habit each year.
    • 25%
    • one million
  65. Cigarette smoking accounts for an estimated ______ deaths per year in the US, more than __% due to CVD.
    • 430,000
    • 40%
  66. As early as the year ____, the surgeon General established smoking as the leading avoidable cause of CVD.
    1983
  67. Smoking increases the risks for....
    • sudden cardiac death
    • aortic aneurysm
    • peripheral vascular disease
    • stroke
  68. Smoking one pack a day _____ the risk of CVD and smoking more than one pack a day _____ the risk
    • doubles
    • triples
  69. As the number of cigarettes smoked increases, so does the risk of...
    • coronary artery disease
    • stroke
  70. Hypertension is...
    • also known as high blood pressure
    • recognized by unstable or persistant elevation of blood pressure above normal range
    • defined as 140/90
  71. The risk of death doubles with a systolic greater than or equal to ____ and a diastolic greater than or equal to ____.
    • 140
    • 90
  72. If left untreated, approximately 50% of patients with hypertension die from _________ and ________.
    • coronary artery disease
    • congestive heart failure
  73. If left untreated, approximately 33% of patients with hypertension die from _________.
    stroke
  74. If left untreated, approximately 10-15% of patients with hypertension die from _________.
    renal failure
  75. The primary lifestyle modifications to help reduce hypertension include...
    • smoke cessation
    • diet
    • exercise
    • overall goal of losing weight, increasing physical activity lvls, and decreasing salt intake
  76. This can help control blood glucose lvls and the ability of blood vessels to change diameter as needed
    exercise
  77. Elevated lvls of HDL are...
    • desirable
    • present a positive risk factor for CVD
  78. Elevated levels of these three things are associated with increased risk of CVD.
    • cholesterol
    • triglycerides
    • LDL-cholesterol
  79. Young men in the highest 25% for cholesterol levels have a ______ increased risk of heart attack compared to men in the lowest 25%
    nine-fold
  80. There is a 20-30% increase in risk for CAD for every __ mg/dl increase in cholesterol
    10
  81. Approximately __% of adults in the US are obese and another __-__% are overweight.
    • 20
    • 25-30
  82. Obesity is associated with these diseases
    • CAD
    • high blood pressure
    • diabetes
    • gallbladder disease
    • cancer
  83. LDL is ____cholesterol.
    bad
  84. HDL is ____ cholesterol
    good
  85. LDL stands for
    low density lipoproteins
  86. HDL stands for
    high density lipoproteins
  87. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by...
    the body's inability to use sugar (glucose) effectively
  88. Individuals with diabetes have a ___-___% increased risk of cardiac events
    300-500
  89. 70% of all deaths among diabetic patients are from _________.
    Cardiovascular disease
  90. What is metabolic syndrome x?
    the cluster of risks factors associated with CVD including abdominal obesity, hypertension, and diabetes
  91. A lack of physical exercise increases an individual's risk of...
    • obesity
    • hypertension
    • diabetes
  92. The risk for CVD in inactive people in about ____ times that of physically active adults
    2
  93. Inactivity is responsible for _____ deaths per year in the US.
    200,000
  94. If you exercise regularly, the risk factors that are reduced for CVD are...
    • decreased BP
    • improved LDL
    • decreased body fat
    • improved bG tolerance
    • eliminates physical activity
  95. If you eat a balanced diet, the risks factors for CVD that are reduced are....
    • improved LDL
    • decreased body weight
    • improved bG tolerance
    • may decrease BP
  96. Flexibility is defined as...
    the ability to move a joint freely through an entire ROM
  97. An example of good shoulder flexibility is...
    the ability to touch both hands together behind the back
  98. What are the factors contributing the the ROM in a joint?
    • joint structure
    • ligaments
    • tendons
    • muscles
    • skin
    • fat tissue
    • body tem
    • gender
    • age
  99. What is the most neglected aspect of most physical fitness programs?
    flexability
  100. A regular stretching program can help...
    • lengthen your muscles
    • maintain or restore flexibility
  101. The benefits of being flexible include...
    • decreases risk of injury
    • decreases the resistance in various tissues
    • increases physical efficiency and performance
    • increases tissue temperature allowing for better circulation/nutrient transport due to decreased joint viscosity
    • increases neuromuscular coordination b/c of an increase in nerve impulse velocity
    • reduces muscle soreness
  102. Who considers strength training to be an integral part of any comprehensive health program?
    • american college of sports medicine
    • american heart association
    • centers for disease control and prevention
    • us surgeon general's office
  103. The benefits of strength training include...
    • improved body composition, muscle growth and metabolism
    • improved physical functioning - can perform tasks with less physiological stress\
    • decreased risk for osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, as well as fractures and bone degeneration
    • reduces pain and inflammation
    • improves flexibility - particularly important in the lower back b/c of chronic low back pain
  104. Much of the improved efficiency demonstrated with strength training is attributed to...
    • neural and hormonal adaptations that increase neural drive to muscles, improve muscle recruitment and synchronization
    • increase muscle contractile activation
    • diminish the protective function of the proprioceptors that limit range, density and speed of movements around joints
  105. Ergonomic disorders include...
    • cumulative trauma disorders
    • back disorders
    • injuries that develop over time as a result of uncorrected behaviors, postures, and habits
  106. Egronomic disorders are often preventable and treatable through...
    • a fitness program
    • behavioral¬† modification programs
    • screening
    • assessments
  107. Cumulative trauma disorders can be described as...
    wear and tear on joints and surrounding tissue b/c of overuse
  108. What are the two places that receive the most injuries from cumulative trauma disorders?
    joints in the lower back and upper limbs
  109. Cumulative trauma disorders are known by a variety of terms such as...
    • musculoskeletal disorders
    • overuse syndrome
    • repetitive motion disorders
  110. Cumulative trauma disorders affect any area of the body where...
    • tendons, joints, and nerves are found
    • most commonly target the upper extremities
  111. Most CTDs fall into two main categories which are
    • tendonitis
    • nerve compression
  112. Risk factors for developing CTDs are...
    • repetition
    • force
    • awkward postures
    • contact stress
    • vibration
    • temperature extremes
    • stressful conditions
  113. What are the three main movements that can cause severe injury or pain to the back?
    • lifting
    • bending
    • twisting motions
  114. Next to the common cold, this is the reason most often sited for job absenteeism?
    back disorders
  115. The most common back problems are...
    pulled or strained muscles, ligaments, tendons, and discs
  116. Most back disorders result from...
    chronic or long-term injury rather than one specific incident
  117. Types of back disorders include...
    • lumbosacral strain
    • sacroilitic (inflammation from overuse of the lumbar muscles of the joints between the lowest/sacral areas of back, sacrum and ilium)
    • lumbosacral sprain
    • postural low back pain
    • muscular insufficiency
    • herniated disc
    • degenerated disc
  118. Risk factors for back disorders include...
    • heavy physical work
    • lifting
    • bending
    • streching
    • reaching
    • twisting
    • pushing and pulling
    • prolonged sitting/standing
    • vibrations
    • accidents
  119. What are all the things that make firefighting one of the most dangerous occupations?
    • cardiovascular disease
    • strains
    • sprains
    • ergonimical related disorders

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