Physio: Reproductive

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bananavocado
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219666
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Physio: Reproductive
Updated:
2013-05-14 20:11:48
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Physio Reproductive
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Physio: Reproductive
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  1. testes are within what?
    the scrotum
  2. each lobule contains one to four highly coiled, convoluted ______
    seminiferous tubules
  3. where do sperms collect in?
    lumen
  4. so sperms from the lumen of each ______ pass onto the _______ where they _______
    seminiferous tubule; epididymis; accumulate and grow
  5. what's the oval head of a sperm composed of?
    nucleus and chromatins consisting of 23 chromosomes.
  6. how does the sperm penetrate the egg?
    acrosome
  7. structure of the midpiece of the sperm
    mitochondria which provides ATP
  8. *parts of the male reproductive system*
    *look at picture*
  9. erection?
    blood accumulates in erectile tissue and the penis swells and elongates.
  10. function of seminiferous tubules
    produce sperm cells
  11. function of interstitial cells
    produce and secrete male sex hormones
  12. function of epididymis
    stores sperm cells undergoing maturation
  13. function of vas deferens
    conveys sperm cells to ejaculator
  14. seminal vesicle
    secretes alkaline fluid containing nutrients to help neutralize the acidic components of semen.
  15. prostate gland
    secretes ab alkaline fluid that helps neutralize semen's acidity and enhances sperm cell motility.
  16. bulbourethral gland
    secretes fluid that lubricates penis
  17. scrotum
    encloses, protects, and regulates temperature of testes.
  18. penis
    conveys urine and semen outside of body
  19. male sex hormones are called
    androgens
  20. testosterone
    • male hormone. 
    • stimulates enlargement of the testes. 
    • -other things that male men undergo during puberty.
  21. type of hormone released that enlarges the ovaries?
    FSH
  22. *parts of the female reproductive system*
    *picture*
  23. function of ovary
    produces oocytes and female sex hormones
  24. uterine tube (fallopian tube)
    conveys secondary oocyte toward uterus; site of fertilization; conveys developing embryo to uterus
  25. uterus
    protects and sustains embryo during pregnancy
  26. vagina
    conveys uterine secretions, receives erect penis during sexual intercourse and provides open channel for birth
  27. labia majora
    enclose and protect other ecternal reproductive systems
  28. labia minora
    forms margins of vestibules; protects opening of vagina and urethra
  29. clitoris
    produces feelings of pleasure during sexual intercourse
  30. vestibule
    space between labia minora that contains vaginal and urethral openings
  31. vestibular glands
    secretes fluid that moistens and lubricates vestibules
  32. female hormones:
    ____ begins to secrete increasing amounts of _____
    hypothalamus; GnRH
  33. what is GnRH?
    stimulates the anterior pituitary to release FSH and LH. 

    these hormones helps in controlling female sex cell maturation.
  34. ovaries secrete these female sex hormones that belong in two groups:
    • 1. estrogens
    • 2. progesterone
  35. what does estrogen do?
    stimulate enlargement of accessory organs like the vagina, uterus, ovaries.
  36. female's first menstrual cycle is called
    menarche
  37. what does FSH do to an ovarian follicle?
    stimulates maturation
  38. 14th day of menstuation:
    cells finally release the stored LH in response to the GnRH pulses.
  39. what are mammary glands?
    secretes milk following pregnancy.
  40. STD: Chlamydia
    • cause: bacteria
    • symptoms: painful urination and intercourse, mucous discharge prom penis or vagina.
    • treatment: antibiotics
  41. STD: Genital Herpes
    • cause: herpes virus 2
    • symptoms: genital sores, fever
    • treatment: antiviral drug
  42. STD: Genital warts
    • cause: human papilloma virus
    • symptoms: warts on genitals
    • treatment: chemical or surgically removed.
  43. STD: Gonorrhea
    • cause: neisseria gonorrhea bacteria 
    • symptoms: (women - none) (men - painful urination)
    • treatment: antibiotics
  44. STD: Syphilis
    • cause: bacteria
    • symptoms: sure on the genitals or mouth, rash 6 months later, damages the heart, liver, nerves and brain.
    • treatment: antibiotics.

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