Youth And Puberty
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Define the term youth:
In Australia, youth is mostly defined as the stage in the lifespan between 12 and 18 years, however this time frame varies between organisations (the government for instance, defines youth as 15-24 years of age)
Explain why it's difficult to clearly define youth:
The change between childhood to becoming an adult is not really a set time frame, it varies from person to person so its hard yo classify. Also youth is often confused with adolescance which is more of a biological term
Identify the 3 stages of youth and the developmental milestones associated with each stage:
- Early Youth (12-14)- increase vocabulary, choose friends based on common interests, more interest in community goals, start to become sexually mature wity body changing to the size and shape of an adult
- Middle Youth (15-16)- imcrease in hypothetical reasoning abilities, conduct futute planning, exhibit greater complexity and moral reasoning, develop the ability to think refelctively, majority of time spent with friends not parents
- Late Youth (17-18)- become occupied with thinking about the future, moral development occurs and a sense of values and beliefs becomes stronger, less self-concsious about bodies
Describe how the concept of youth differs to adolescance:
The term youth is more a political term, whereas adolescance is a term for the period that is between childhood and adulthood when our bodies are growing and developing to full reproductive maturation (a more bilogical term)
Define the term puberty:
- Puberty is the time of development when youth become
- -sexually mature
- -capable of reproduction
- -and it signifies the end of childhood
In the endocrine system, there are glands and hormones. What is the difference between a hormone and a gland?
Hormones are chemical substances that are released into the bloodstream and act upon organs and cells in the body, causing permanent changes. Glands are the structures in the body that secrete these hormones
Label the glands in the endocrine system:
What are primary sexual characteristics? List them for males and females.
- Primary sexual characteristics are structures we are born with, that later in life are directly related to an individual's ability to reproduce.
- Penis (sex organ, carries urine and semen to the outside of the body)
- Testicles (rests in the scrotum, produces semen and testosterone)
- Epididymis (part of the testicle, holds sperm until ready for ejaculation)
- Vas Deferans (tubes that carry mature sperm to be ejaculated)
- Prostate Gland (releases secretions needed in the production of semen)
- Seminal Vesicle (produces seminal fluid which combines with sperm to form semen)
- Urethra (tube that runs length of penis, carries sperm and urine out)
- Fallopian tube
What are secondary sexual characteristics? List them for males and females.
- Secondary sexual characteristics are not directly involved in reproduction. They develop during puberty, making us distinctly male or female, and indicate sexual maturity, but are not directly related to procreation.
- voice deepening, shoulders broadening and body more muscular, underarm, facial and chest hair, pubic hair
- Breasts develop, hips widen, underarm and pubic hair
Explain the difference between self-concept and self-esteem:
Self concept is the way an individual sees themselves, like a picture of who they are. Self-esteem is how happy they are with this picture, and can change from day to day depending on different situations and influences.
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