social studies final exam study notes

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social studies final exam study notes
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2013-05-16 15:14:55
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7th grade final exam
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  1. what is the most important river in india?
    ganges river
  2. The Huang He river is named for:
    its muddy yellow silt
  3. What river runs through China, Thailand, Laos, and Veitnam?
    Mekong river
  4. What is asias largest desert?
    gobi desert
  5. What is the worlds highest mountain region?
    Himalayan Mountains
  6. Why is the Ganges river polluted?
    untreated sewage pours into it
  7. A major environmental problem in China and India is:
    air pollution
  8. This seasonal wind can bring heavy rainfall that leads to flooding:
    monsoons
  9. About 90% of chinas population lives in this part of the country:
    eastern China
  10. the most crowded urban area in the world is:
    tokyo,japan
  11. many people in southeast asia are farmers living near:
    rivers
  12. These are very congested in cities in india and china:
    roads
  13. This religion originated in india and follows the teachings of one man:
    Buddhism
  14. This religion is unique to japan:
    shintoism
  15. about 80% of indias people follow this religion:
    hinduism
  16. This religion is based on the teachings of muhammad:
    islam
  17. this philosophy is the foundation of modern Chinese culture:
    confucianism
  18. what type of government does india have?
    republic
  19. what type of government does china have?
    communist
  20. What type of government does Japan have?
    constitutional monarchy
  21. what country has a command economy?
    north korea
  22. which countries economic reforms have led to excellent growth?
    china
  23. Which country has few natural resources but a strong economy?
    japan
  24. this practice encourages trade between countries:
    specialization
  25. the U.S. added a tax onto steel imports.  This is an example of a:
    tariff
  26. Converting currencys from one country into that of another country is called:
    foriegn exchange
  27. GDP stands for:
    Gross Domestic Product
  28. schools in india teach this language to students:
    english
  29. this factor influences economic growth by creating new buisnesses:
    enterpeneuership
  30. half of this countries land is arable, which is a tremendous natural resource:
    india
  31. india broke free from this countrys rule in 1947:
    great britain
  32. who urged nonviolent protests to gain indias independence?
    mohandas gandhi
  33. who created a guerrilla army to fight the French for Vietnams independence?
    Ho Chi Minh
  34. Who established the communist peoples republic of china in 1949?
    Mao
  35. the U.S. helped rebuild the country and its economy after WW2:
    japan
  36. this program was designed to make farming more productive in china by creating collective farms:
    Great Leap Forward
  37. this program was designed to stop opposition to the chinese communist party:
    cultural revolution
  38. the U.S. interferied in korea and veitnam to stop the spread of:
    communism
  39. today this place has a communist north and republic south:
    korea
  40. chinese protesters were killed here in 1989:
    tiananmen square
  41. what desert covers most of northern africa?
    sahara
  42. what is africas transition zone between desert and rainforest?
    sahel
  43. what african landform has rolling grassland and scattered trees?
    savanna
  44. located in africa, what is the longest lake in the world?
    lake tanganyika
  45. what desert is located in southern africa?
    kalahari desert
  46. located in africa, what is the worlds longest river?
    nile river
  47. what mountain range is located in northern africa?
    atlas
  48. what is the largest lake in africa?
    lake victoria
  49. which african river near the equator is located in the tropical rainforest?
    congo river
  50. which river is the principle river in western africa?
    Niger  river
  51. what is a result of desertifaction?
    soil loses its ability to hold water, nutrients washes away
  52. what is desertification?
    spread of desert area
  53. what is a cause of desertification?
    desert spreading, slash and burn
  54. most of africas population:
    lives near rivers, lake, or coastline
  55. the 2 main religious groups in africa are:
    muslim and christain
  56. an example of an ethnic group is:
    arab and ashanti (answers may vary)
  57. most african languages can be traced to:
    bantu of long ago
  58. high literacy rate usually leads to:
    high standard of living
  59. the literacy rate in africa is:
    40% or higher for men than women (low for women)
  60. this type of goverment is a loose alliance:
    confederation
  61. one leader holds complete power in this government.
    autocracy
  62. control rests with a small group in this government
    oligarchy
  63. the legistature holds the power in this system.
    parlimentary
  64. Kenya's government is a:
    republic
  65. which country has a dictator?
    sudan
  66. an example is a:
    starting a new business (computer repair)
  67. who gets better access to school in africa?
    boys
  68. what has led to famine in africa?
    repeated drought, AIDS, infertile soil
  69. this economic system is based on supply and demand.
    market
  70. what country has the strongest economy in africa?
    south africa
  71. this trade barrier is a tax placed on imported goods.
    tariff
  72. an example of a capital investment is :
    build a factory
  73. the european division of africa caused:
    tribal conflicts, civil was, desire for independence
  74. a strong belief in ones country is:
    nationalism
  75. in 1963, kenya acheived independence from:
    british empire
  76. more than 250 ethnic groups make up this country:
    nigeria
  77. apartheid seperated blacks and whites in:
    south africa
  78. who was imprisoned for resisting apartheid?
    nelson mandela
  79. the goal of the pan-african movement was to:
    unite africans to solve africas problems
  80. this country has lots of oil, but its people are very poor
    nigeria
  81. What rivers flow like twin rivers through turkey and Iraq?
    Tigris and Euphrates
  82. What narrow waterway is an important shipping channel for oil?
    Straight of HormuzHormuz
  83. What are the latitude and longitude of a point called?
    Coordinates
  84. What are 3 major water problems in the middle east?
    Water shortages, unequal distributions, pollution
  85. What are 3 main oil- producing middle eastern countries?
    Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia
  86. Over the last 50 years, residents have been leaving the nomadic life to live here:
    Cities
  87. Efficient rapid transit systems would help solve these transportation problems:
    Crowded roads and air pollution
  88. What are groups indentified on the basis of religion, race, or national origin?
    Ethnic groups
  89. What ethnic groups lives in the mountains of turkey and Iraq?
    Kurds
  90. What group is both an ethnic group and religious group?
    Jews
  91. What are 3 prominent religions in the Middle East?
    Judaism, Islam, Christianity
  92. Where do almost Ll middle eastern jews live?
    Israel
  93. What are 2 major groups off Muslims?
    Sunnis and shiites
  94. There is usually a high correlation between the standard of living and:
    The literacy rate
  95. The state of isreal was established in:
    1948
  96. A government controlled by a religious leader is a:
    Theocracy
  97. An example of human rights and personal freedoms would be:
    Right to vote and choose employment
  98. What 2 challenges does israel face in building it's economy?
    National security and immigration
  99. The government controlled everything in a _______ economy.
    Command
  100. What type of economy does Israel have:
    Market
  101. This is a tax on imported goods:
    Tariff
  102. This is restriction on the amount of a good that can vibe imported:
    Quota
  103. This forbids trade with another country:
    Trade embargo
  104. What organization was formed in 1960 by 5 oil-rich countries?
    OPEC
  105. The type of money used by a country is called:
    Currency
  106. When a company educates and trains its people, it is:
    Investing in human capital
  107. When a country invests in transportation systems and power plants, it is:
    Investment in capital
  108. A country with crumbling bridges and damaged roads is demonstrating:
    Lack of capital investment
  109. This person has an idea for a good or service and takes the risk to produce it:
    Entrepreneur
  110. What large empire broke up after WWI?
    Ottoman empire
  111. Which 2 countries divided the Middle East into countries after WWI?
    Britain and France
  112. A major conflict in the Middle East is between Arab states and:
    Israel
  113. During WWII, 6 million Jews were killed in what is called the:
    Holocaust
  114. The movement to unite displaced Jews and settle them in Palestine was called?
    zionism
  115. Who wanted to rid the world of "it's Jewish problem"?
    Adolfo hitlor
  116. Prejudice against jews is known as: I
    anti-semitism
  117. Which country did saddan hussein rule?
    Iraq
  118. Iraq invaded kuwait and international forces joined to help Kuwait in this war:
    Persian gulf war
  119. When did terrorists attack the World Trade Center in NYC?
    2001
  120. What country did U.S forces enter to look for terrorist leader Osama bin laden?
    Iran

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