Stress and Health vocabulary

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lunarii27
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Stress and Health vocabulary
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2013-05-16 00:15:15
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Psychology Stress Health
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Psychology 203 Chapter 16 vocabulary
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  1. Specific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or threaten the person's well-being.
    Stressors
  2. The physical and psychological response to internal or external stressors.
    Stress
  3. The sub-field of psychology concerned with ways psychological factors influence the causes and treatment of physical illness and the maintenance of health.
    Health psychology
  4. A source of stress that occurs continuously or repeatedly.
    Chronic stressor
  5. An emotional and physiological reaction to an emergency that increases readiness for action.  Walter Cannon, 1929.
    Fight-or-flight response
  6. The part of the body activated in the fight-or-flight response that involves the hypothalamus, pituitary and the adrenal glands.
    HPA Axis
  7. The type of hormone released by the adrenal glands in order to stimulate the sympathetic nervous system and decrease parasympathetic activation in the fight-or-flight response, which includes epinephrine and norepinephrine.
    Catecholamines
  8. The hormone released by the pituitary gland to stimulate the adrenal glands in the fight-or-flight response
    ACTH
  9. A three-stage (alarm, resistance, exhaustion) physiological response that appears regardless of the stressor that is encountered.
    General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
  10. The stage of the GAS in which the body rapidly mobilizes its resources to respond to the threat by calling on stored fat and muscle to provide energy.  Equivalent to Cannon's fight-or-flight response.  Hans Selye, 1930s.
    Alarm phase
  11. The stage of the GAS in which the body adapts to its high state of arousal as it tries to cope with the stressor by shutting down unnecessary processes such as digestion, growth, sex drive, menstruation, production of testosterone and sperm.  Hans Selye, 1930s.
    Resistance phase
  12. The stage of the GAS in which the body's resistance collapses due to damage (susceptibility to infection, tumor growth, aging, irreversible organ damage, death) caused by the resistance-phase defenses.  Hans Selye, 1930s.
    Exhaustion phase
  13. A complex response system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances.
    Immune system
  14. White blood cells that produce antibodies that fight infection.
    Lymphocytes
  15. The study of how the immune system responds to psychological variables, such as the presence of stressors.
    Psychoneuroimmunology
  16. The tendency toward easily aroused hostility, impatience, a sense of time urgency, and competitive achievement strivings.
    Type A behavior pattern.
  17. A disorder characterized by chronic physiological arousal, recurrent unwanted thoughts or images of the trauma, and avoidance of things that call the traumatic event to mind.
    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  18. The initial interpretation of a stimulus as stressful or not.
    Primary appraisal
  19. The interpretation of whether or not a stress is something you can handle.
    Secondary appraisal
  20. A  stressor that you believe you may not be able to overcome.
    Threat
  21. A stressor that you feel fairly confident that you can control.
    Challenge
  22. A state of physical, emotional and mental exhaustion created by long-term involvement in an emotionally demanding situation and accompanied by lowered performance and motivation.
    Burnout
  23. A technique for dealing with stress that is characterized by avoiding situations or thoughts that are reminders of a stressor and maintaining an artificially positive viewpoint.
    Repressive coping
  24. A technique for dealing with stress that is characterized by facing the stressor and working to overcome it.
    Rational coping
  25. A technique for dealing with stress that involves finding a new or creative way to think about a stressor that reduces it's threat.
    Reframing
  26. A therapy that helps people to cope with stressful situations by developing positive ways to think about the situation.
    Stress inoculation training (SIT)
  27. A technique for reducing tension by consciously relaxing muscles of the body.
    Relaxation therapy
  28. A condition of reduced muscle tension, cortical activity, heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure.
    Relaxation response
  29. The use of an external monitoring device to obtain information about a bodily function and possibly gain control over that function.
    Biofeedback
  30. The aid gained through interacting with others.
    Social support
  31. Women's typical response to stress in place of the fight-or-flight.
    Tend and befriend
  32. An interaction between mind and body that can produce illness.
    Psychosomatic illness
  33. The set of psychological disorders in which the person displays physical symptoms not fully explained by a general medical condition.
    Somatoform disorders
  34. A psychological disorder in which a person is preoccupied with minor symptoms and develops an exaggerated belief that the symptoms signify a life-threatening illness.
    Hypochondriasis
  35. A psychological disorder involving combinations of multiple physical complaints with no medical explanation.
    Somatization disorder
  36. A disorder characterized by apparently debilitating physical symptoms that appear to be voluntary, but that the person experiences as involuntary.
    Conversion disorder
  37. A socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness.
    Sick role
  38. Feigning medical or psychological symptoms to achieve something you want.
    Malingering
  39. The exercise of voluntary control over the self to bring the self into line with preferred standards.
    Self-regulation
  40. One of the personality traits that contribute to hardiness, an ability to become involved in life's tasks and encounters, believing that what you are doing is important.
    Commitment
  41. One of the personality traits that contribute to hardiness, an expectation that their actions and words have a causal influence over their lives and environments.
    Control
  42. One of the personality traits that contribute to hardiness, the willingness to undertake change and acceptance of opportunities for growth.
    Challenge

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