psych chapter 1 1 (final).txt

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psych chapter 1 1 (final).txt
2013-05-16 00:27:22
psych chapter final

psych chapter 1 1 (final).txt
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  1. health psychology
    • Psychological factors related to wellness & illness
    • Prevention, Diagnosis, & treatment of medical problems
  2. psychoneuroimmunology
    Study of psychological factors, immune, & brain
  3. Stress-
    • a person’s response to events that are threatening or challenging
    • Unusual demands on the organism
  4. Positive events, Negative events
    • may seem stressful to some but not everyone
    • negative events result in greater detrimental consequences than positive ones
  5. Cataclysmic Stressor
    Strong sudden Stressors, affect many people simultaneously
  6. Personal Stressor
    Major life events—immediate, Major reactions that soon ease up
  7. Background Stressor(Daily Hassles)
    Minor Irritations, faced again & again
  8. post-traumatic stress disorder
    • Victims of major catastrophes
    • Re-experience original event & its feelings
    • Vivid flashbacks or dreams
  9. learned helplessness
    • Form learning, people conclude: unpleasant stimuli can’t be controlled
    • When ingrained, people quit trying to solve their bad circumstances
  10. pschophysiological disorders
    • Real biological problems
    • Medical problems- interaction of psychological, emotional and physical difficulties
  11. uplifts
    Minor Positive events, makes you feel good
  12. Alarm and Mobilzation Stage
    Aware of Stressor
  13. Resistance Stage
    preparation to fight stressor
  14. Exhaustion Stage
    Negative consequences from stress(Ill Irritable can’t concentrate)
  15. Emotion-focused
    Seeking to change feelings or perceptions of problems(when circumstances unchangeable)
  16. Problem-focused
    Try to directly modify stressful problem or source of stress(when Situation changeable)
  17. Avoidant coping
    Avoid problem by escaping(alcohol, drugs, overeating)(least effective)
  18. Hardiness
    • have less stress-related illness
    • Commitment/zeal for activities
    • Like change & challenges
    • Control, CAN influence own life
  19. Network of caring, interested people
    Good Support: Value your friend, give advice,distract with fun event
  20. Attending religious services
    Healthy people who attend religious services regularly live longer than those who do not attend regularly
  21. A trait
    • Competitive,
    • time urgency,
    • aggressive,
    • driven at work,
    • hostile,
    • verbally & nonverbally
  22. B’s trait
    • Cooperative,
    • less competitive,
    • not very time oriented,
    • not very aggressive drive or not hostile
  23. D’s trait
    • (DISTRESSED) insecure, negative, & anxious
    • Tie-ins to heart disease
  24. A’s how many heart attack?
    One time heart attack
  25. D’s how many heart attacks?
    Many heart attack
  26. factors that influence that people smoke
    • Heredity Factors
    • Rite of passage
    • Habit Forming(identity)
  27. Quitting-
    • Replacement therapies
    • Psychotherapy
    • Changing in societal views
  28. effects of Zyban & Chantrix
    increases dopamine, reduces desire/reward
  29. smoking in U.S. vs. abroad
    • US cigarette sales decreasing
    • Overseas sales increasing
    • Russia highest numbers of cig