psych chapter 12 (final).txt

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Johnemt
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psych chapter 12 (final).txt
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2013-05-16 00:28:09
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psych chapter 12 (final).txt
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  1. 5 ways to look at Abnormality
    • Deviation from average(statistically-based)
    • Deviation from ideal(majority’s high standard)
    • Sense of personal discomfort
    • Legal concept
  2. insanity, as a term
    • Law’s View of Abnormal Behavior
    • Varies by jurisdiction
    • Defendant can’t understand right or wrong at time of act; can’t understand criminality of behavior
  3. Medical Perspective
    Symptoms of Abnormal behavior, rooted, in physiological causes
  4. Psychoanalytic perspective
    Abnormal behavior; childhood conflicts(sex and aggression)
  5. Behavioral persepective
    Abnormal Behavior as a learned response
  6. Cognitive perspective
    Cognitions(thoughts & beliefs) central to person’s abnormal behavior
  7. Humanistic perspective
    • Emphasizes self-awareness & responsiblility for own behavior
    • Search for meaning & self-worth
  8. Sociocultural perspective
    Behavior, shaped by unhealthy interactions with family group, society, &
  9. DSM IV-TR, what it offers & does & doesn’t do
    • Diagnoses/classifies abnormal behavior in U.S
    • Describes problem condition
    • Doesn’t suggest underlying causes
    • Helps clinicians communicate
  10. Rosenham’s study & what happened
    • “On being sane in insane places”
    • Heard voices, then acted normal after admitted(hospital)
    • Discovered by other patients
  11. Phobic disorder
    Intense, irrational fears—specific objects or situations
  12. Panic Disorder
    Anxiety, not triggered by identifiable stimulus, lasts a few seconds to several hours
  13. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    Experience long term persistent anxiety
  14. Anxiety Disorder
    Anxiety occurs without external justification, begins to affect daily functioning
  15. hypochondriasis:
    • preoccupation with one’s health;
    • person is worried about health all the time and assumes that there is something wrong with them when in reality there isn’t.
  16. conversion disorder:
    • actual physical disturbance;
    • inability to see/hear, or to move an arm/leg; cause is PSYCHOLOGICAL
  17. dissociative identity disorder
    • (multiple personalities):
    • displays characteristics of 2 or more personalitiles
  18. dissociative amnesia:
    major, selective memory loss
  19. dissociative fugue:
    • amnesiac condition;
    • people take sudden trips with identity loss.
    • Person goes missing forgetting who they are and remember who they are later on.
  20. major depression:
    • severe depression, may last months or years
    • symptoms: worthless feelings, loneliness, and crying; sleep disturbance
    • research: low serotonin levels
  21. bipolar disorder:
    people experiences cycles of mania and depression
  22. mania:
    talks about one idea and switches ideas, not aware of differences between good and bad ideas, extended state: intense, wild excitement with poor judgement
  23. antisocial (sociopath):
    no regards for moral or ethical rules of society or others’ rights, no conscience
  24. borderline:
    individuals have difficulty developing a secure sense of who they are
  25. narcissistic:
    personality disturbance characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance
  26. ADHD(Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder):
    inattention, impulsiveness, low tolerance for frustration; usually lots of inappropriate activity
  27. autism:
    • severe developmental disability;
    • communication problems(socially awkward)
  28. disorders found in all cultures
    schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
  29. most commonly reported disorder in college students
    depression

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