Biology CH 35

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Sbjohnson
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219879
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Biology CH 35
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2013-05-16 09:29:23
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Biology
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Biology CH 35 the nervous system
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  1. The peripheral nervous system does NOT include
    A. the spinal cord
    B. motor nerves
    C. ganglia
    D. sensory nerves
    A. the spinal cord
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Sense organs are part of the
    A. peripheral nervous system
    B. central nervous system
    C. autonomic nervous system
    D. parasympathetic nervous system
    A. peripheral nervous system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Opiates block sensations of pain because their chemical structure
    A. enables them to bind to pain receptors
    B. is similar to natural pain-killing chemicals in the brain
    C. enables them to bind to neurotransmitters
    D. blocks the progress of action potentials
    B. is similar to natural pain-killing chemicals in the brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Stimulants such as tobacco and cocaine are addictive partly because they
    A. interfere with normal sleep patterns
    B. increase heart rate and blood pressure
    C. block the effects of neurotransmitters
    D. cause neurotransmitters to be used up
    D. cause neurotransmitters to be used up
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. All the human organ systems work together to
    A. coordinate muscle movement
    B. provide sensory information
    C. maintain homeostasis
    D. process sensory information
    C. maintain homeostasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The motor division of the peripheral nervous system connects the central nervous system with the
    A. glands and sense organs
    B. spinal cord and muscles
    C. muscles and sense organs
    D. muscles and glands
    D. muscles and glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A person with a severely damaged cerebellum suffers from
    A. high blood pressure
    B. an inability to learn
    C. a low heart rate
    D. a lack of coordination
    D. a lack of coordination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The impulse that travels along the nerve membrane is a(an)
    A. electrical current
    B. chemical current
    C. action potential
    D. resting potential
    C. action potential
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Alcohol is an example of a(an)
    A. depressant
    B. stimulant
    C. neurotransmitter
    D. opiate
    A. depressant
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The movement of a nerve impulse along the length of a neuron is due to movement of
    A. sodium and potassium ions along the cell membrane
    B. sodium and potassium ions through the cell membrane
    C. neurotransmitters along the cell membrane
    D. neurotransmitters through the cell membrane
    B. sodium and potassium ions through the cell membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The type of tissue that covers the body, lines internal surfaces, and forms glands is
    A. nervous tissue
    B. connective tissue
    C. muscle tissue
    D. epithelial tissue
    D. epithelial tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The process of maintaining a relatively constant internal environment despite changes in the external environment is called
    A. homeostasis
    B. regulation
    C. synapse
    D. stimulation
    A. homeostasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The basic units of structure and function of the nervous system are
    A. neurons
    B. dendrites
    C. axons
    D. neurotransmitters
    A. neurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The place where a neuron transfers an impulse to another cell is the
    A. receptor
    B. myelin sheath
    C. synapse
    D. dendrite
    C. synapse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The central nervous system consists of the
    A. sensory and motor neurons
    B. reflexes
    C. brain and spinal cord
    D. sense organs
    C. brain and spinal cord
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Voluntary or conscious activities of the body are controlled by the
    A. brain stem
    B. cerebrum
    C. cerebellum
    D. medulla oblongata
    B. cerebrum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system are divisions of the
    A. somatic nervous system
    B. autonomic nervous system
    C. peripheral nervous system
    D. central nervous system
    B. autonomic nervous system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The semicircular canals and the two tiny sacs located behind them help maintain
    A. respiratory rate
    B. temperature
    C. equilibrium
    D. night vision
    C. equilibrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Drugs that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate are:
    A. depressants
    B. barbuturates
    C. stimulants
    D. opiates
    C. stimulants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

  20. name #1
    axon terminal

  21. name #2 (fatty material that surrounds some axons)
    myelin sheath

  22. name #3 (takes information away from cell body)
    axon

  23. name #4 (gaps in the myelin sheath)
    node

  24. name #5
    cell body

  25. name #6 (takes information to the cell body)
    dendrites

  26. name #7
    nucleus
  27. name the organization of the body from smallest to largest
    • 1. cells
    • 2. tissues
    • 3. organs
    • 4. organ systems
  28. epithelial tissue
    glands and tissue that cover interior and exterior body surfaces
  29. glands and tissue that cover interior and exterior body surfaces
    epithelial tissue
  30. neurons
    cells that transmit impulses in the nervous system
  31. cells that transmit impulses in the nervous system
    neurons
  32. synapse
    the location at which a neuron can transfer an impulse to another cell
  33. the location at which a neuron can transfer an impulse to another cell
    synapse
  34. neurotransmitters
    chemicals used by a neuron to transmit an impulse across a synapse to another cell
  35. chemicals used by a neuron to transmit an impulse across a synapse to another cell
    neurotransmitters
  36. cerebrum
    the largest and most prominent region of the brain
  37. the largest and most prominent region of the brain
    cerebrum
  38. cerebrum (function)
    part of the brain responsible for the voluntary, or conscious activities of the body
  39. part of the brain responsible for the voluntary, or conscious activities of the body
    cerebrum (function)
  40. cerebellum (location)
    second largest region of the brain located at teh back of the skull
  41. second largest region of the brain located at teh back of the skull
    cerebellum (location)
  42. cerebellum (function)
    • coordinates and balances the actions of the muscles
    • so that the body can move gracefully and efficiently
  43. coordinates and balances the actions of the muscles so that the body can move gracefully and efficiently
    cerebellum (function)
  44. brain stem (function)
    controls blood pressure, heart rate, breathing and swallowing
  45. controls blood pressure, heart rate, breathing and swallowing
    brain stem (function)
  46. hypothalamus
    the control center for recognition and analysis of hunger, thirst, ,fatigue, anger and body temperature
  47. the control center for recognition and analysis of hunger, thirst, fatigue, anger and body temperature
    hypothalamus
  48. sensory division of peripheral nervous system
    transmits impulses from sense organs to the central nervous system
  49. transmits impulses from sense organs to the central nervous system
    sensory division of peripheral nervous system
  50. motor division of peripheral nervous system
    transmits impulses from the central nervous system to the muscles or glands
  51. transmits impulses from the central nervous system to the muscles or glands
    motor division of peripheral nervous system
  52. somatic nervous system
    regulates activities that are under conscious control, such as the movement of the skeletal muscles
  53. regulates activities that are under conscious control, such as the movement of the skeletal muscles
    somatic nervous system
  54. autonomic nervous system
    system that regulates activities that are automatic, or involuntary
  55. system that regulates activities that are automatic, or involuntary
    autonomic nervous system
  56. pupil
    opening where light comes into the eye. Can be adjusted by the iris
  57. opening where light comes into the eye. Can be adjusted by the iris
    pupil
  58. lens
    small muscles attach to this, changing its shape to help someone see near or far
  59. small muscles attach to this, changing its shape to help someone see near or far
    lens
  60. retina
    on the back of the eye where photoreceptors are located
  61. on the back of the eye where photoreceptors are located
    retina
  62. rods and cones
    2 types of photoreceptors
  63. rods and cones
    2 types of photoreceptors
  64. rods
    extremely sensitive to light, but do not distinguish different colors
  65. extremely sensitive to light, but do not distinguish different colors
    rods
  66. cones
    less sensitive to light, but respond to light of different colors
  67. less sensitive to light, but respond to light of different colors
    cones
  68. cochlea
    vibrations of the oval window create pressure waves in this fluid filled structure of the inner ear
  69. vibrations of the oval window create pressure waves in this fluid filled structure of the inner ear
    cochlea
  70. semicircular canals
    3 tiny canals at right angles to each other that monitor the position of your body
  71. 3 tiny canals at right angles to each other that monitor the position of your body
    semicircular canals
  72. taste buds
    sense organs that detect taste
  73. sense organs that detect taste
    taste buds
  74. stimulants
    drugs that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing
  75. drugs that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing
    stimulants
  76. depressants
    drugs that slow down heart rate and breathing rate, lower blood pressure, relax muscles, and relieve tension
  77. drugs that slow down heart rate and breathing rate, lower blood pressure, relax muscles, and relieve tension
    depressants
  78. cocaine
    drug that causes the sudden release in the brain of a neurotransmitter called dopamine
  79. drug that causes the sudden release in the brain of a neurotransmitter called dopamine
    cocaine
  80. opiates
    drugs that mimic natural chemicals in the brain, known as endorphins, which normally help to overcome sensations of pain
  81. drugs that mimic natural chemicals in the brain, known as endorphins, which normally help to overcome sensations of pain
    opiates
  82. alcohol
    a depressant that slows down the rate at which the central nervous system functions
  83. a depressant that slows down the rate at which the central nervous system functions
    alcohol
  84. addiction
    an uncontrollable dependence on a drug
  85. an uncontrollable dependence on a drug
    addiction

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