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List the 5 components of fitness
- cardiorespiratory endurance
- muscular strength
- muscular endurance
- body composition
is the ability to perform prolonged, large muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity.
is the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort.
is the ability to resist fatigue and hold a muscle contraction for a long time or to contract a muscle over and over again.
is the ability to move the joints through their full range of motion.
is the proportion of fat and fat-free mass (muscle, bone, and water) in the body.
List the 4 principles of physical training
Overload places increasing amounts of stress on the body in order to cause adaptations that improve physical fitness.
The body adapts to the particular type and amount of stress placed on it. To develop a particular fitness component, you must perform exercises designed specifically for that component. It also applies to skill-related components or to different body parts.
People vary in the maximum level of fitness they can achieve and in the rate of change they can expect from an exercise program.
The principle where fitness improvements are lost when demands on the body are lowered. If you don't use it you lose it.
What does FITT stand for?
Apply the FITT principle to weight training
Frequency - at least 2 nonconsecutive days of weight training
Intensity - amount of weight based on your level of fitness and fitness goals
Time - set and reps
Type - exercises for all of your major muscle groups