Kinesiology FINALS

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Kinesiology FINALS
2013-05-16 01:45:45
kinesiology finals scc

kinesiology cards
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  1. List the 5 components of fitness
    • cardiorespiratory endurance
    • muscular strength
    • muscular endurance
    • flexibility
    • body composition
  2. Cardiorespiratory Endurance
    is the ability to perform prolonged, large muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate to high levels of intensity.
  3. Muscular Strength
    is the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort.
  4. Muscular Endurance
    is the ability to resist fatigue and hold a muscle contraction for a long time or to contract a muscle over and over again.
  5. Flexibility
    is the ability to move the joints through their full range of motion.
  6. Body Composition
    is the proportion of fat and fat-free mass (muscle, bone, and water) in the body.
  7. List the 4 principles of physical training
    • overload
    • specificity
    • individuality
    • reversibility
  8. Overload
    Overload places increasing amounts of stress on the body in order to cause adaptations that improve physical fitness.
  9. Specificity
    The body adapts to the particular type and amount of stress placed on it. To develop a particular fitness component, you must perform exercises designed specifically for that component.  It also applies to skill-related components or to different body parts.
  10. Individuality
    People vary in the maximum level of fitness they can achieve and in the rate of change they can expect from an exercise program.
  11. Reversibility
    The principle where fitness improvements are lost when demands on the body are lowered.  If you don't use it you lose it.
  12. What does FITT stand for?
    • frequency
    • intensity
    • time
    • type
  13. Apply the FITT principle to weight training
    Frequency - at least 2 nonconsecutive days of weight training

    Intensity - amount of weight based on your level of fitness and fitness goals

    Time - set and reps

    Type - exercises for all of your major muscle groups