Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Orientation (Mastering A&P)

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Anonymous
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219939
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Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Orientation (Mastering A&P)
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2013-05-16 15:07:00
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Biology Anatomy Physiology
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Biology 103A
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  1. What does the principle of complementarity of structure and function mean?

    A. The age of the structure determines the function it performs.
    B. All structures perform the same functions.
    C. Function reflects structure and structure determines function.
    D. Functions are determined by environmental conditions, not by structure.
    C. Function reflects structure and structure determines function.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which organ systems function as control systems, communicating with other cells/organs to regulate their activities?

    A. cardiovascular and endocrine systems
    B. cardiovascular and digestive systems
    C. nervous and cardiovascular systems
    D. nervous and endocrine systems
    D. nervous and endocrine systems
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which materials are exchanged between blood and cells, as depicted by the set of arrows labeled 5 in the above figure?



    A. carbon dioxide
    B. nutrients
    C. oxygen
    D. all of the listed responses are correct
    E. waste products
    D. all of the listed responses are correct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following represents the correct order in which the components interact in a homeostatic control system?

    A. the receptor, the stimulus, and the effector
    B. the receptor, the control center, and the effector
    C. the variable, the receptor, and the set point
    D. the effector, the stimulus, and the receptor
    B. the receptor, the control center, and the effector
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following is true of negative feedback mechanisms?

    A. They are used for processes such as blood clotting and labor contractions.
    B. The effect opposes the original stimulus or reduces its intensity.
    C. The effect or response enhances the original stimulus.
    D. The variable deviates farther and farther from its normal range.
    B. The effect opposes the original stimulus or reduces its intensity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following is true of negative feedback mechanisms?



    A. coronal
    B. sagittal
    C. lateral
    D. transverse
    B. sagittal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following statements is correct?

    A. The umbilicus is medial to the chin.
    B. The chin is caudal to the umbilicus.
    C. The umbilicus is caudal to the chin.
    D. The umbilicus is superior to the chin.
    C. The umbilicus is caudal to the chin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following can be described as a cut made diagonally between the horizontal and the vertical planes?

    A. oblique section
    B. cross section
    C. transverse section
    D. sagittal section
    A. oblique section
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What is the function of serous fluid?

    A. It helps the stomach and other organs maintain neutral buoyancy within body cavities, even during fluctuations in atmospheric pressure, or when gases, such as oxygen or methane, are present in varying ratios.
    B. It prevents the organs from drying out when in contact with air.
    C. It aids in the repair of damaged organs.
    D. It enables organs, such as the heart and the stomach, to slide across cavity walls and each other without friction.
    D. It enables organs, such as the heart and the stomach, to slide across cavity walls and each other without friction.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is NOT one of the subdivisions of anatomy?

    A. systemic anatomy
    B. gross anatomy
    C. renal anatomy
    D. developmental anatomy
    C. renal anatomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following best defines anatomy?

    A. It is the study of all chemical reactions that occur within body cells.
    B. It is the study of tissues.
    C. It is the study of how the body parts work and carry out their life-sustaining activities.
    D. It is the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another.
    D. It is the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. What level of structural organization is represented by the image numbered 5 in the figure?



    A. organelle
    B. tissue
    C. organ
    D. cell
    B. tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The knee is proximal to the thigh. True or False
    False
  14. The sagittal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left parts. True or False
    True
  15. The hand is ________ to the shoulder.

    A. proximal
    B. superior
    C. medial
    D. distal
    A. proximal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which specific body cavity houses the heart and lungs?

    A. cardialdorsal
    B. thoracic
    C. abdomino
    D. pelvicperi
    B. thoracic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What is the role of the serous membranes covering some organs?

    A. to provide a protective outer covering for the organ
    B. to provide passage of nutrients for the organ tissues
    C. to serve as extra tissue for blood flow to the organ
    D. to prevent friction between the organ and body cavity wall
    D. to prevent friction between the organ and body cavity wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which directional term is used to describe the relationship of the skin relative to the skeletal muscles?

    A. deep
    B. superficial
    C. lateral
    D. medial
    B. superficial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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