Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Oreitnation (TB)

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lonelygirl
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219949
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Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Oreitnation (TB)
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2013-05-16 16:03:34
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Biology Anatomy Physiology
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Biology 103A
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  1. Histology would be best defined as a study of ________.

    A) cells
    B) cell chemistry
    C) the gross structures of the body
    D) tissues
    D) tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The study of the heart may incorporate many aspects of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy.

    A) microscopic
    B) gross
    C) developmental
    D) systemic
    B) gross
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be best described as an example of ________.

    A) metabolism
    B) responsiveness
    C) maintaining boundaries
    D) excretion of metabolic waste
    D) excretion of metabolic waste
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Average body temperature is ________ degrees centigrade.

    A) 98
    B) 68
    C) 47
    D) 37
    D) 37
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. If you consider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis, then the wall thermostat would be the ________.

    A) effector
    B) control center
    C) receptor
    D) variable
    B) control center
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What is the main, general purpose of negative feedback?

    A) to maintain homeostasis
    B) to regulate excretion
    C) to control all body system tissues
    D) to keep the body's sugar high
    A) to maintain homeostasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What is the specific name for the hip region?

    A) pedal
    B) manus
    C) inguinal
    D) coxal
    D) coxal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. An oblique cut is one that is cut ________.

    A) perpendicular to vertical and horizontal
    B) vertical right and left
    C) horizontal right and left
    D) diagonally between the vertical and horizontal
    D) diagonally between the vertical and horizontal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The heart lies in the ________ cavity.

    A) pleural
    B) superior mediastinal
    C) pericardial
    D) dorsal 
    C) pericardial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The cavities housing the eyes are called __________ cavities.

    A) frontal
    B) nasal
    C) cranial
    D) orbital
    D) orbital
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A structure that is composed of two or more tissues would be a(n) ________.

    A) complex cell
    B) organ system
    C) complex tissue
    D) organ
    D) organ
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. ________ cavities are spaces within joints. 

    A) Synovial
    B) Nasal
    C) Orbital
    D) Oral
    A) Synovial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following would not be a functional characteristic of life?

    A) movement
    B) maintenance of boundaries
    C) responsiveness to external stimuli
    D) decay
    D) decay
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which term means toward or at the back of the body, behind?

    A) dorsal
    B) distal
    C) anterior
    D) lateral
    A) dorsal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The single most abundant chemical substance of the body, accounting for 60% to 80% of body weight, is ________.

    A) hydrogen
    B) protein
    C) water
    D) oxygen
    C) water
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. What is the posterior side of the patella called?

    A) popliteal
    B) crural
    C) antecubital
    D) sural
    A) popliteal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following statements is true concerning feedback mechanisms?

    A) Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body.
    B) Blood glucose levels are regulated by positive feedback mechanisms.
    C) Positive feedback mechanisms always result in excessive damage to the host.
    D) Negative feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus.
    A) Negative feedback mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except ________.

    A) palms turned posteriorly
    B) thumbs pointed laterally
    C) arms at sides
    D) body erect
    A) palms turned posteriorly
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________.

    A) regulating glucose levels in the blood
    B) blood calcium level regulation
    C) body temperature regulation
    D) enhancement of labor contractions
    D) enhancement of labor contractions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following describes a parasagittal plane?

    A) any sagittal plane except the median
    B) a transverse cut just above the knees
    C) any cut dividing the body into anterior and posterior
    D) two cuts dividing the body into left and right halves
    A) any sagittal plane except the median
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following organs or structures would be found in the left iliac region?

    A) liver
    B) stomach
    C) intestines
    D) appendix
    C) intestines
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The parietal pleural would represent a serous membrane ________.

    A) covering individual lungs
    B) lining the abdominal cavity
    C) covering the heart
    D) lining the thoracic cavity
    D) lining the thoracic cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which one of the following systems responds to environmental stimuli?

    A) nervous
    B) immune
    C) muscular
    D) lymphatic
    A) nervous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Choose the anatomical topic and definition that is not correctly matched.

    A) Cytology: study of the structures in a particular region.
    B) Microscopic anatomy: study of structures too small to be seen by the naked eye.
    C) Gross anatomy: study of structures visible to the eye.
    D) Embryology: study of the changes in an individual from conception to birth.
    A) Cytology: study of the structures in a particular region.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains ________.

    A) a relatively stable internal environment, within limits
    B) a dynamic state within an unlimited range
    C) the lowest possible energy usage
    D) a static state with no deviation from preset points
    A) a relatively stable internal environment, within limits
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. In which cavities are the lungs located?

    A) pericardial, ventral, and thoracic
    B) mediastinum, thoracic, and ventral
    C) pleural, dorsal, and abdominal
    D) pleural, ventral, and thoracic
    D) pleural, ventral, and thoracic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Choose the following statement that is not completely correct regarding serous membranes.

    A) Serosa are very thin, double-layered structures.
    B) Serous membranes are divided into parietal and visceral membranes with a potential space between the two.
    C) Visceral pericardium covers the surface of the heart, and parietal pericardium lines the walls of the heart.
    D) Serous membranes secrete a watery lubricating fluid.
    C) Visceral pericardium covers the surface of the heart, and parietal pericardium lines the walls of the heart.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Place the following in correct sequence from simplest to most complex:1. molecules2. atoms3. tissues4. cells5. organ

    A) 2-1-4-3-5
    B) 1-2-4-3-5
    C) 1-2-3-4-5
    D) 2-1-3-4-5
    A) 2-1-4-3-5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following imaging devices would best localize a tumor in a person's brain?

    A) DSA
    B) PET
    C) X ray
    D) MRI
    D) MRI
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of these is not part of the dorsal cavity?

    A) cranial cavity
    B) thoracic cavity
    C) spinal cord
    D) vertebral cavity
    B) thoracic cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. In which abdominopelvic cavity is the stomach located?

    A) right lower
    B) left upper
    C) left lower
    D) right upper
    B) left upper
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following statements is the most correct regarding homeostatic imbalance?

    A) Positive feedback mechanisms are overwhelmed.
    B) Negative feedback mechanisms are functioning normally.
    C) The internal environment is becoming more stable.
    D) It is considered the cause of most diseases.
    D) It is considered the cause of most diseases.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Subdivisions of anatomy include which of the following?

    A) gross, regional, dissection, and surface
    B) gross, regional, systemic, and surface
    C) gross, macroscopic, visual, and microscopic
    D) regional, surface, visual, and microscopic
    B) gross, regional, systemic, and surface
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The term pollex refers to the ________.

    A) thumb
    B) calf
    C) great toe
    D) fingers
    A) thumb
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The dorsal body cavity is the site of which of the following?

    A) lungs
    B) intestines
    C) brain
    D) liver
    C) brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Select the most correct statement.

    A) The immune system is closely associated with the lymphatic system.
    B) Organ systems operate independently of each other to maintain life.
    C) Organ systems can be composed of cells or tissues, but not both.
    D) The endocrine system is not a true structural organ system.
    A) The immune system is closely associated with the lymphatic system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. One of the functional characteristics of life is irritability. This refers to ________.

    A) the nervous system causing all living things to sometimes experience anger
    B) sensing changes in the environment and then reacting or responding to them
    C) the necessity for all organisms to reproduce
    D) indigestible food residues stimulating the excretory system
    B) sensing changes in the environment and then reacting or responding to them
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following are survival needs of the body?

    A) water, atmospheric pressure, growth, and movement
    B) nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen
    C) nutrients, water, growth, and reproduction
    D) nutrients, water, movement, and reproduction
    B) nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The anatomical position is used ________.

    A) only when a body is lying down
    B) rarely, because people don't usually assume this position
    C) as the most comfortable way to stand when dissecting a specimen
    D) as a standard reference point for directional terms regardless of the actual position of the body
    D) as a standard reference point for directional terms regardless of the actual position of the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into left and right, called?

    A) frontal
    B) sagittal
    C) regional
    D) transverse
    B) sagittal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What is a vertical section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior regions called?

    A) median
    B) sagittal
    C) frontal
    D) transverse
    C) frontal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which body cavity protects the nervous system?

    A) vertebral
    B) dorsal
    C) cranial
    D) thoracic
    B) dorsal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which of the following describes the operation of the heart and blood vessels?

    A) systemic anatomy 
    B) cardiovascular physiology
    C) systemic physiology
    D) cardiovascular anatomy
    D) cardiovascular anatomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Similar cells that have a common function are called ________.
    tissues
  45. The term that describes the back of the elbow is ________.
    olecranal
  46. The term that describes the heel region is ________.
    calcaneal
  47. The elbow is ________ to the wrist.
    proximal
  48. The ________ cavity contains tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the organ of hearing in the inner ear.
    middle ear
  49. ________ is explained by chemical and physical principles and is concerned with the function of specific organs or organic systems.
    Physiology
  50. What is a dynamic equilibrium of your internal environment termed?
    homeostasis
  51. Which cavity contains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum?
    pelvic
  52. What is the serous membrane that covers the intestines called?
    visceral
  53. ________ physiology concerns urine production and kidney function.
    Renal
  54. What broad term covers all chemical reactions that occur within the body cells?
    metabolism
  55. The five cavities of the head are cranial, oral, nasal, middle ear, and ________.
    orbital
  56. The ability to sense changes in the environment and respond to them is called ________.
    responsiveness or irritability
  57. What is the single most abundant chemical substance in the body?
    water
  58. Positive feedback mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus. True or False
    True
  59. Imaging is useful in discovering obstructed blood supplies in organs and tissues. True or False
    True
  60. The anatomical position means the body is standing at attention with the palms facing forward and the thumbs pointing away from the body. True or False
    True
  61. The elbow is proximal to the shoulder. True or False
    False
  62. The serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity wall is called visceral peritoneum. True or False
    False
  63. A major function of serous membranes is to decrease friction. True or False
    True
  64. The right hypochondriac region contains the majority of the stomach. True or False
    False
  65. Lungs carry out an excretory function. True or False
    True
  66. Embryology concerns the structural changes that occur in an individual from conception through old age. True or False
    False
  67. A tissue consists of groups of similar cells that have a common function. True or False
    True
  68. It is important for any organism to maintain its boundaries, so that its internal environment remains distinct from the external environment surrounding it. True or False
    True
  69. Without some sort of negative feedback mechanism, it would be impossible to keep our body chemistry in balance. True or False
    True
  70. Regardless of the variable being regulated, all homeostatic control mechanisms have at least three interdependent components. True or False
    True
  71. The epigastric region is located superior to the umbilical region. True or False
    True

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