Chapter 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric (Mastering A&P)

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lonelygirl
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219953
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Chapter 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric (Mastering A&P)
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2013-05-17 04:36:35
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Biology Anatomy Physiology
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Biology 103A
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  1. What do the glands shown in A and B both have in common?



    A. Both are exocrine glands.
    B. Both are endocrine glands.
    C. Both are sebaceous glands.
    D. Both are unicellular.
    A. Both are exocrine glands.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following is a property of epithelial tissue?

    A. Epithelial tissue is typically unable to regenerate.
    B. Epithelial tissue contains blood vessels.
    C. Epithelial tissue does not exhibit polarity.
    D. Epithelial tissue is innervated.
    D. Epithelial tissue is innervated.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the numbered cell types is primarily responsible for producing protein fibers found in connective tissue proper?



    A. 2
    B. 5
    C. 4
    D. 3
    A. 2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Cells 3 and 6 are both classified as ______.



    A. blast cells
    B. white blood cells
    C. red blood cells
    D. epithelial cells
    B. white blood cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following statements is NOT characteristic of the areolar connective tissue pictured in the figure?



    A. Most of the volume of areolar connective tissue is occupied by ground substance.
    B. Areolar connective tissue has elastic properties.
    C. Fibroblasts are the cells primarily responsible for the formation of areolar connective tissue.
    D. Areolar connective tissue is avascular.
    D. Areolar connective tissue is avascular.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following is NOT a role of connective tissue?

    A. protection
    B. absorption
    C. insulation
    D. support
    B. absorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following glands might utilize the secretory mechanism and duct structure shown in A?



    A. sebaceous
    B. mucous
    C. salivary
    D. thyroid hormone
     
    C. salivary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following cellular processes is portrayed in A?



    A. phagocytosis
    B. cell fragmentation
    C. mitosis
    D. exocytosis
    D. exocytosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following increases the surface area of certain epithelial tissues?

    A. basal lamina
    B. microvilli
    C. cilia
    D. basement membrane
    E. desmosomes
    B. microvilli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Where is transitional epithelium found?

    A. in areas involved in absorption
    B. in areas involved in filtration
    C. in areas subjected to stretching
    D. in areas subject to wear and tear
    C. in areas subjected to stretching
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Exocrine glands ________.

    A. secrete hormones
    B. secrete substances onto body surfaces
    C. are only unicellular in structure
    D. secrete substances into blood
    B. secrete substances onto body surfaces
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. All epithelia have two surfaces, an apical surface and a basal surface, that differ in both structure and function. True or False
    True
  13. Which of the following substances would NOT be found in significant amounts in the extracellular matrix of the illustrated areolar connective tissue?



    A. collagen
    B. elastin
    C. keratin
    D. proteoglycan
    C. keratin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Connective tissues ________.

    A. are all avascular
    B. primarily consist of extracellular matrix
    C. are delicate tissues, not designed to bear weight or withstand abrasion or tension
    D. arise from different types of embryonic tissue; therefore, they have little relationship or kinship to one another
    B. primarily consist of extracellular matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. In connective tissue, the role of collagen fibers is to ________.

    A. form delicate networks around blood vessels and support the soft tissue of organs
    B. provide elasticity
    C. retain fluid
    D. provide tensile strength
    D. provide tensile strength
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which tissue is correctly paired with its primary cell type?

    A. connective tissue proper: chondroblast
    B. cartilage: fibroblast
    C. bone: fibrocyte
    D. bone: osteoblast
    D. bone: osteoblast
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Choose the correct pairing for a tissue and its embryonic origin.

    A. Nervous tissue is derived from the primary germ layer called the mesoderm.
    B. Epithelium is derived from all three primary germ layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm.
    C. Muscle is derived from the primary germ layer called the ectoderm.
    D. Connective tissue is derived from the primary germ layer called the endoderm.
    B. Epithelium is derived from all three primary germ layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The wall of the alveolus (air sac) in the lung is composed of which type of epithelium?

    A. simple squamous epithelium
    B. simple columnar epithelium
    C. transitional epithelium
    A. simple squamous epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The proximal tubule of the nephron (kidney tubule) in the kidney is composed of which type of epithelium?

    A. stratified squamous epithelium
    B. ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    C. simple cuboidal epithelium
    C. simple cuboidal epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The epithelium of the esophagus is composed of which type of epithelial tissue?

    A. simple columnar epithelium
    B. stratified squamous epithelium
    C. keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
    A. simple columnar epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The epithelium of the esophagus is composed of which type of epithelial tissue?

    A. stratified squamous epithelium
    B. simple columnar epithelium
    C. keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
    A. stratified squamous epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which part of the neuron (a specialized nerve cell) receives signals from other cells and is also the main metabolic region of the neuron?

    A. soma
    B. dendrites
    C. axon
    A. soma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which of the three muscle cell types has multiple nuclei?

    A. smooth
    B. skeletal
    C. cardiac
    B. skeletal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which muscle cell type has visible striations but is not under voluntary control?

    A. cardiac
    B. smooth
    C. skeletal
    A. cardiac
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following epithelial tissue locations is NOT correctly matched to its function?

    A. skin: protection
    B. digestive tract: absorption
    C. kidney: secretion
    D. kidney: filtration
    E. skin: absorption
    E. skin: absorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following describes a holocrine gland?

    A. Holocrine glands secrete their products by endocytosis.
    B. Holocrine glands secrete their products by exocytosis.
    C. Holocrine glands secrete their products by pinching off the apex of the cell.
    D. Holocrine glands secrete their products by rupturing.
    D. Holocrine glands secrete their products by rupturing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Mucous cells are ________.

    A. unicellular exocrine glands
    B. hormone-producing glands
    C. multicellular exocrine glands
    D. endocrine glands
    A. unicellular exocrine glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Pseudostratified epithelium consists of multiple cell layers. True or False
    False
  29. Which tissue type consists of a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity?

    A. nervous tissue
    B. connective tissue
    C. muscle tissue
    D. epithelial tissue
    D. epithelial tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which type of epithelium lines the interior of the urinary bladder?

    A. simple squamous epithelium
    B. transitional epithelium
    C. stratified squamous epithelium
    D. simple columnar epithelium
    B. transitional epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which type of gland produces hormones?

    A. endocrine glands
    B. holocrine glands
    C. unicellular exocrine glands
    D. multicellular exocrine glands
    A. endocrine glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which numbered cell type initiates inflammatory responses to infection or tissue damage?



    A. 4
    B. 6
    C. 5
    D. 3
    C. 5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. ________ are highly phagocytic cells that are a part of the body's defense system. These cells can be localized (fixed), or they can wander throughout the body.

    A. Mast cells
    B. Eosinophils
    C. Macrophages
    D. Basophils
    E. Erythrocytes (RBC)
    C. Macrophages
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Why are adipose, blood, and bone all considered to be connective tissues?

    A. They have a common origin, mesenchyme.
    B. They connect to each other.
    C. They all have collagen and elastic fibers in their extracellular matrix.
    D. They have the same types of cells.
    A. They have a common origin, mesenchyme.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What is the most obvious structural feature of areolar connective tissue?

    A. the presence of blood cells mixed with the areolar cells
    B. the loose arrangement of its fibers
    C. the presence of fat cells
    D. the numerous types of cells that are present
    B. the loose arrangement of its fibers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which is the most atypical connective tissue since it does not connect things or provide structural support?

    A. bone
    B. blood
    C. areolar connective tissue
    D. cartilage
    B. blood
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. ________ is the tissue that regulates and controls body functions.

    A. Blood
    B. Nervous tissue
    C. Muscle tissue
    D. Bone
    B. Nervous tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. All connective tissues arise from an embryonic tissue called mesenchyme. True or False
    True

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