Intro to Law and Legal - terms for 7 & 8.txt

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Intro to Law and Legal - terms for 7 & 8.txt
2013-05-16 20:05:38

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  1. Action used to recover possession ofland as well as damages for unlawful detention or possession
  2. Awarded to restore a person to aprevious position to prevent unjust enrichment
  3. Awarded to punish the defendant forconduct and to deter others from similar conduct
    exemplary damages
  4. Rectifies a written instrument in order that it may express the real agreementor intention of the parties
  5. An order directing the defendant to actor refrain from acting in a specifiedway
  6. Short statements used as guides in thedecision-making process in disputes inequity
  7. Awarded to put the plaintiff in the same finacial position as before the commission of a tort
    compensatory damages
  8. Court determination of the rights of theparties to a dispute; does not order any performance relative to those rights
    declaratory judgment
  9. Stipulated sum contained in an agreement to be paid as compensation for loss in the event of a breach of acontract
    liquidated damages
  10. Action used to recover possession ofpersonal property wrongfully taken
  11. Damages that are the natural and necessary result of a wrongful act or omission and can be expected to accompany an injury
    general damages
  12. A guilty plea that cannot be used later against the accused as an admission
    nolo contendere
  13. Provides that evidence obtained in violation of the Constitution is inadmissible in a riminal trial
    exclusionary rule
  14. A theory of punishment aimed at "getting even" with offenders
  15. The singling out or targeting of a particular. group so as to impose punishment without a trial
    bill of attainder
  16. A grand jury's written accusation against one who is believed to have committed a crime
  17. Acknowledgement, in a court of law, of one's obligation to appear for trial
  18. The element of a criminal offense that constitutes the wrongful act
    actus reus
  19. Questions the legality of the incarceration of a prisoner
    habeas corpus
  20. Reasonable grounds to believe that the arrestee has committed or is committing a crime
    probable cause
  21. Offensively touching another person without his or her consent
  22. A law that makes acts criminal that were not criminal at the time they were committed
    ex post facto
  23. A theory of punishment aimed at correcting offenders so that they can live according to the existing social order
  24. Affords the accused and counsel an opportunity to attack the identifying witnesses' credibility
    right of confrontation
  25. Satisfies the Sixth Amendment requirement that the accused "be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation"