Exam 4 Study Guide (Mastering A&P)

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lonelygirl
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220036
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Exam 4 Study Guide (Mastering A&P)
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2013-05-19 17:36:41
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Biology Anatomy Physiology
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Biology 103A
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  1. Sperm is produced in the __________ of the testes.

    A. tunica albuginea
    B. tunica vaginalis
    C. myoid cells
    D. seminiferous tubules
    D. seminiferous tubules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Sperm are stored in the __________.

    A. seminiferous tubules
    B. epididymis
    C. ejaculatory duct
    D. ductus deferens
    B. epididymis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following does NOT add substances to seminal fluid?

    A. urethra
    B. seminal glands
    C. prostate gland
    D. bulbo-urethral glands
    A. urethra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Enzymes that allow sperm to penetrate the egg are located in the __________ of the sperm cell.

    A. acrosome
    B. midpiece
    C. tail
    D. mitochondria
    A. acrosome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The release of __________ encourages interstitial endocrine cells to release __________.

    A. inhibin; testosterone
    B. luteinizing hormone; androgen-binding protein
    C. follicle-stimulating hormone; androgen-binding protein
    D. luteinizing hormone; testosterone
    D. luteinizing hormone; testosterone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The __________ connects the uterus to the vagina.

    A. fallopian tube
    B. round ligament
    C. fimbriae
    D. cervix
    D. cervix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The __________, a layer of the endometrium, is shed during each menstruation and is then regenerated by the __________.

    A. stratum functionalis; stratum basalis
    B. stratum functionalis; myometrium
    C. myometrium; perimetrium
    D. stratum basalis; stratum functionalis
    A. stratum functionalis; stratum basalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which layer of the uterus is the site for implantation of a fertilized egg?

    A. myometrium
    B. stratum basalis of the endometrium
    C. stratum functionalis of the endometrium
    D. perimetrium
    C. stratum functionalis of the endometrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What hormone promotes ovulation?



    A. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    B. leptin
    C. inhibin
    D. progesterone
    A. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. During what phase of the female's uterine (menstrual) cycle is the uterine lining shed?



    A. proliferative phase
    B. menstrual phase
    C. secretory, or postovulatory, phase
    D. preovulatory phase
     
    B. menstrual phase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. What event occurs during the proliferative phase?



    A. ovulation
    B. stratum functionalis is shed
    C. enrichment of the blood supply and glandular secretions prepare for reception of an embryo
    D. menstruation
    A. ovulation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. A surge in __________ directly triggers ovulation.

    A. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    B. progesterone
    C. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    D. estrogen
    C. luteinizing hormone (LH)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. During the secretory phase of the uterine cycle __________.

    A. the endometrium prepares for implantation
    B. ovulation occurs
    C. the endometrium is shed
    D. the functional layer of the endometrium regenerates
    A. the endometrium prepares for implantation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following is an effect of estrogen in females?

    A. suppresses the effect of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    B. promotes water loss (diuresis)
    C. promotes lactation
    D. promotes oogenesis
    D. promotes oogenesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Oocytes only complete meiosis II if they are fertilized. True or False
    True
  16. What is the function of the blood testis barrier?

    A. to filter out male sex hormones
    B. to prevent activation of the immune system of the male against the developing sperm
    C. to ensure that semen only contains sperm and seminal fluid
    D. to provide only select nutrients to the developing sperm
    B. to prevent activation of the immune system of the male against the developing sperm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What is the product of spermatogenesis?

    A. formation of haploid spermatozoa
    B. capacitation of spermatozoa
    C. development of the male reproductive organs
    D. formation of semen
    A. formation of haploid spermatozoa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. What amino acid-based hormone uses the direct gene activation method illustrated in this image?



    A. glucocorticoids
    B. mineralocorticoids
    C. growth hormone
    D. thyroxine
    D. thyroxine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. At which point does the hormone bind to its intracellular receptor? Determine the receptor-hormone complex. Select from letters A-D.



    A. C
    B. D
    C. B
    D. A
    A. C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following occurs in situations where more than one hormone produces the same effects at the target cell and their combined effects are amplified?

    A. summation
    B. permissiveness
    C. antagonism
    D. synergism
    D. synergism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. __________ is the situation when one hormone cannot exert its full effects without another hormone being present.

    A. Antagonism
    B. Synergism
    C. Permissiveness
    D. Activism
    C. Permissiveness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The stimuli causing endocrine glands to secrete their hormones in direct response to changing blood levels of certain critical ions and nutrients are called __________.

    A. hormonal stimuli
    B. neural stimuli
    C. endocrinal stimuli
    D. humoral stimuli
    D. humoral stimuli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Up-regulation involves the loss of receptors and prevents the target cells from overreacting to persistently high hormone levels. True or False
    False; down-regulation
  24. The hypothalamus is known to control the activity of the anterior pituitary, which has traditionally been called the "master endocrine gland". True or False
    True
  25. What is the primary function of hormones?

    A. influence metabolic activity of glands by electrochemical impulses
    B. cause allergic reactions
    C. activate extracellular enzymes
    D. alter cell activity
    D. alter cell activity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is NOT a major type of stimulus that triggers endocrine glands to manufacture and release hormones?

    A. enzymatic
    B. hormonal
    C. humoral
    D. neural
    A. enzymatic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. What is the target organ of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)? Select from letters A-D.



    A. C
    B. B
    C. A
    D. D
    A. C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Where is thyroid-releasing hormone (TRH) made? Select from letters A-D.



    A. B
    B. D
    C. A
    D. C
    C. A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Hormones that regulate the secretory action of other endocrine glands are called __________.

    A. GHIH
    B. tropins
    C. somatotropin
    D. somatostatins
    B. tropins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following hormones stimulates the adrenal cortex to release glucocorticoids that help the body to resist stressors?

    A. thyroid-stimulating hormone
    B. follicle-stimulating hormone
    C. prolactin
    D. adrenocorticotropic hormone
    D. adrenocorticotropic hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following hormones mainly serves to stimulate milk production by the breasts?

    A. adrenocorticotropic hormone
    B. prolactin
    C. thyroid-stimulating hormone
    D. follicle-stimulating hormone
    B. prolactin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following hormones helps the body avoid dehydration and water overload?

    A. antidiuretic hormone
    B. follicle-stimulating hormone
    C. thyroid-stimulating hormone
    D. oxytocin
    A. antidiuretic hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following hormones regulates blood calcium ion levels?

    A. glucagon
    B. luteinizing hormone
    C. thyroid hormone
    D. follicle-stimulating hormone
    E. parathyroid hormone
    F. insulin
    E. parathyroid hormone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which of the following pairs correctly matches the adrenal gland zone or area with the class of hormones it produces?

    A. reticularis: catecholamines
    B. medulla: glucocorticoids
    C. zona glomerulosa: mineralocorticoidszona
    D. zona fasciculata: gonadocorticoids
    C. zona glomerulosa: mineralocorticoidszona
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which hormone(s) is/are essential to our ability to deal with stress?

    A. insulin
    B. thyroxine
    C. glucocorticoids
    D. mineralocorticoids
    C. glucocorticoids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Aldosteronism will cause ______.

    A. decreased secretion of ANP (atrial naturetic peptide)
    B. decreased secretion of renin
    C. decreased loss of K+ in the urine
    D. None of the listed responses is correct.
    B. decreased secretion of renin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which pancreatic hormone functions to lower blood glucose levels?

    A. somatostatin
    B. insulin
    C. gastrin
    D. glucagon
    B. insulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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