Words to know for the Science Final Exam

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Reese_Brideau
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220047
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Words to know for the Science Final Exam
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2013-05-20 08:31:31
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Final Exam Science Words
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  1. Animal that eats only plants or parts of plants; mammals with large premolars and molars for eating only plants.
    Herbavore
  2. Animal that eats only other animals or the remains of other animals; mammals having large, sharp canine teeth and strong jaw muscles for eating flesh.
    Carnivore
  3. Animal that eats plants and animals or animal flesh; mammals with incisors, canine teeth, and flat molars for eating plants and other.
    Omnivore
  4. Animal that produces both sperm and eggs in the same body.
    Hermaphrodite
  5. Animal with a backbone.
    Vertebrate
  6. Animal without a backbone.
    Invertebrates
  7. Pigment produced by the epidermis, that protects skin from sun damage and gives skin and eyes color.
    Melanin
  8. Any place where 2 or more bones come together (can be moveable or immovable).
    Joint
  9. Tough band of tissue that hold bones together at joints.
    Ligament
  10. Skin layer below the epidermis that contains blood vessels, nerves, oil, sweat glands, and other structures.
    dermis
  11. thick band of tissue that attaches bones to muscles.
    Tendons
  12. Outer, thinnest layer of skin that constantly produces new cells to replace the dead cells rubbed off its surface.
    Epidermis
  13. Tough flexible tissue that joins vertebrae and makes up all or part of the vertebrate endoskeleton; in humans, thick, smooth, flexible, and slippery tissue layer that covers the ends of bones, makes movement easier by reducing friction, and absorbs shocks.
    Cartilage
  14. Mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into small molecules that cells can absorb and use.
    Digestion
  15. A type of protein that regulates nearly all chemical reactions in cells; a type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body without being changed or used up itself.
    Enzyme
  16. Waves of muscular contractions that move food through the digestive tract.
    Peristalsis
  17. Liquid product of digestion.
    Chyme
  18. Finger-like projections covering the wall of the small intestine that increase the surface area for food absorption.
    Villi
  19. Blood vessels that carries blood back to the heart, and has one-way valves that keep blood moving toward the heart.
    Vein
  20. Blood vessels that carries blood away from the heart, and has thick, elastic walls made of connective tissue and smooth muscle tissue.
    Artery
  21. Liquid part of blood, made mostly of water, in which oxygen, nutrients, and minerals are dissolved.
    Plasma
  22. A type of white blood cell that fights infection.
    Lymphocyte
  23. Two upper chambers of the heart that contract at the same time during the heart beat.
    Atriums
  24. Two lower chambers of the heart, that contract at the same time, during heartbeat.
    Ventricles
  25. Airway in which the vocal chords are attached.
    Larynx
  26. Bean-shaped urinary system organ that is made up of about 1 million nephrons and filters blood, producing urine. 
    kidney
  27. Tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
     Urethra
  28. Lung disease in which the alveoli enlarge.
    Emphysema
  29. Lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly and cause shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing; may occur as an allergic reaction.
    Asthma
  30. Muscle beneath the lungs that contracts and relaxes to move gases in and out of the body.
    Diaphragm
  31. Two short tubes that branch off the lower end of the trachea and carry air into the lungs.
    Bronchi
  32. Air-conducting tube that connects the larynx with the bronchi; is lined with
    Trachea
  33. Male reproductive cells.
    Sperm
  34. Female reproductive cells.
    Egg
  35. In female humans, hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ where a fertilized egg develops into a baby.
    uterus
  36. Period of development-usually about 38 or 39 weeks in female humans-from fertilized egg until birth.
    Pregnancy
  37. Male reproductive organ.
    testes
  38. Muscular tube that connects the lower end of a female's uterus to the outside of the body; the birth canal through which a baby travels when being born.
    Vagina
  39. Organisms that do not make own food.
    Consumers
  40. Organisms that do make their own food.
    Producers
  41. Any close relationship between species, including mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.
    Symbiosis
  42. A type of symbolic  relationship in which both organisms benefit.
    Mutualism
  43. A type of symbolic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other organism is not affected.
    Commensalism
  44. A type of symbolic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other organism is harmed.
    Parasitism
  45. Model that shows the complex feeding relationships among organisms in a community.
    Food Web
  46. Large geographic  areas with similar climates and ecosystems; includes tundra, taiga, desert, temperate deciduous forest, temperate rain forest, tropical rain forest, and grassland.
    Biomes.

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