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which murmurs are innocent with no other symptoms?
systolic or diastolic?
difference between acute and chronic sinusitis rx?
- chronic gets amoxacillin plus steroids
- acute gets just amoxacillin
what is seen on examinatio of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis?
thick allergic mucin
most common cause of bacterial bronchitis?
when does acute bacterial sinusitis present?
7 days after the URI symptoms
Coccidiomycosis gets what antifungal?
the rest that causes pneumonia?
what has symptoms, primary or reacctivating?
3ways to diagnose tb?
- sputum acid fast
- sputum culture
what method of 2 delivery can give the most o2 without intubating them?
theophyllinse side effects?
which type of lung cancer can produce dermatomyositis?
all lung cancers
rx for Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis?
- n-acetyl cysteine
what pneumoconiosis increases cancer risk?
what is given for pulmonary hypertneison?
- vasodilations--bosentan, prostaglandins
2 respiratory stimulants?
drugs for intubation?
- rapid anesthesia agents
xray difference between ttn and rds?
- rds--low volumes and interstitial markings
- ttn--large volumes
rds predisposes to what in the childhood?
how are croup and bronchiolitis treated?
croup--epi and steroids
bronchiolitis--epi, no steroids
1st line rx for enuresis?
causes of gastric outlet obstruction?
- ingestion of caustic agents
- gastric malignancy
obstruction to outflow in HOCM is due to what 2 anatomical differences?
abnormal mitral valve leaf motion
dx of developmental hip dysplasia?
- <4 mo--ultrasound
- >4 mo-- xray
most common cause of mucopurulent cervical discharge?
difference in presentation between peritonsillar abscess and epiglotitis?
epiglotitis is more acute
what antibiotics should not be given to kids?
how is lyme dz treated in kids?
- amoxi or cephalosporin if <8 yo
- doxy if >8 yo
when can you give fq in kids?
in patients with cf
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is due to what?
rx for mild dub
moderate dub with no bleeding
severe dub with bleeding?
- iron supplement
5 types of lacunar strokes?
- pure motor
- pure sensory
- mixed motor and sensory
- ataxic- hemiplegic
- dysarthia--clumsy hand syndrome
what embryological element gives rise to kidney?
rx for sporotrichosis?
what coniditions of the bone that have increased alp?
in what position are the arm and thigh when there is anterior dislocation?
- anterior disclocation--externally rotated
- posterior dislocation--internally rotated
a preterm infant is at risk for what gi pathology?
ramsay hunt syndrome?
- ----****reactivation of herpes zoster
- unilateral facial paralysis
- ear pain
- vesicles in ear
best way of monitoring serotonin syndrome?
what classicaly produces an osmolar gap?
what prevents myocardial remodeling?
- ace inhibitors
diagnosis of MGUS?
Monoclonal gammopathy without anemia, hypercalcemia, bone lytic lesions
what reduces the frequency of ms exacerbations?
on physical what is expected in pericardial effusion?
- cant palpate pmi
- distant heart sounds
what part of the axial skeleton is involved in ra?
rx for inevitable abortion?
D and C, RHogam, IV fluids