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- a descriptive word that modifies a noun (ad-jective)
- ex. young dog
- a word that modifies a verb, adjective to indicates when, how, where, etc..
- ex. cry hideously
- a group of words that are related and contain both a subjective and verb
- The boss (S) knows (V) marketing (DO) the best (OC).
- Elizabeth(S) danced (V) beautifully (A) in the garden (A).
- Richard (S) will give (V) the committee (IO) his proposal (DO).
- a word such as "by" that gives additional information
- subject+ verb + (what? or who?)= direct object
- a noun or pronoun that receives the action of a verb or shows the result of the action. It answers the question "What?" or "Whom?" after an action verb.
- ex. Zippy and Maurice played soccer with a grapefruit pulled from a backyard tree.
- Zippy, Maurice= subjects
- played = verb.
- Zippy and Maurice played what? Soccer
- Zippy accidentally kicked Maurice in the shin.
- Zippy = subject;
- kicked = verb.
- Zippy kicked who? Maurice
A possessive pronoun
a pronun used to indicate ownership
- ex. Hands off, that's mine
- Yours is over there.
- I don't like hers much.
- a word that replace and refers to a noun
- ex. her, his
a noun or pronoun that performs the actin of the verb
- The dictionary helps me find words.
- Ice cream appeared on the table.
- The man who is sitting over there told me that he just bought a ticket to Tahiti.
Every one (hopes/hope) to score well on the exam
Any of us (have/has) the opportunity to score well.
None of the students (uses/use)the break period to sutey English
Anyone (is/are) welcome to sudy in the library
correct this sentence.
Sometimes the conference planner, holding the nametags and information packets for the newly arrived participants, many of whom have already introduced themselves, seem unneeded.
- Sometimes the conference planner, holding the nametags and information packets for the newly arrived participants, many of whom have already
- introduced themselves, seem seems unneeded.
Neither Mark nor Ann enjoys studying obstetrics, but boht Mark and Ann enjoy studying geriatrics.
- Neither Mark nor Ann enjoys studying obstetrics, but boht Mark and Ann enjoy are studying geriatrics.
Several of the members chooses not vote.
Several of the members chose not vote.
Each girl was presented with their varsity letter.
- Each girl was presented with her varsity letter.
- The girls was presented with their varsity letter.
- varsity=a term originally derived from university, may refer to several:
- Varsity team,
- the principal athletic teams representing a college or university, high school, or middle school.
- Varsity letter,
- an award earned in the U.S., which signifies the winner was a qualified varsity-team member, after a certain standard was met.
The guide reiterated the possibility of danger to each person as they entered the bus.
The guide reiterated the possibility of danger to each person as they (he or her) entered the bus.
reiterated=To say or do again or repeatedly. See Synonyms at repeat.
The senator stated that the responsibility of each citizen is to become involved in their local political organization
The senator stated that the responsibility of each citizen
is to become involved in their
(his or her
) local political organization
- *the antecedent (関係詞の)先行詞 is singular, so the pronouns must be singular as well
My dad often goes with my brother to soccer practice, but he gets tired quickly.
My dad often goes with my brother to soccer practice, but he my dad gets tired quickly.
*agreement between a pronoun and its antecedent can be technically correct, yet still problematic if it is unclea which noun is the antecedent.
Change this indirect dialogue to dirct dialogue
A'ishan says that he hasn't finished studying for the exam and it begins in 1 hour.
A'ishan said, " I haven't finished studying for the exam and it beginsin 1 hour."
- *indirect dialogue tells about what someine said
- *direct dialogue tells exactly what someone said rather than telling about it.
- it can be effective in a variety fo situations : it can create immediacy and specificity in a college essay, it can provide a specific exmple in a presentation and etc..
"Apparetntly, there is a monotone among us"chided the choir cirector.
I should have chosen the red sports car, said Fahari regretfully.
"I should have chosen the red sports car,"said Fahari regretfully.
firs, second, and thrid person question.
Decide the most appropriate narrative voice to use in each of the following situations.
A) A formal writing aobut the history of the American Revolution
B)A diary entry
- A)3rd person
- =most formal writing style.
- ex. People sometimes fail to realize the significance of obtains....
- B)1st person
- =information conveyed via a first -person point of view stress the personal account of the speaker or writer. it's effectvie to communicate a story aobut onself or one's personal feeling to ward a subject.
- *I think, I feel, I believe do not convery any information and that actually serve to weaken writing!
- C)2nd perosn
- =speaking directly to another person. It's too informal for academic
- ex. you have not ralize the significance of obtains ...