Phlebotomy Terms

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Phlebotomy Terms
2013-05-19 03:00:42

phlebotomy terms
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  1. needle gauge
    gaugeĀ = diameter; smaller gauge = fatter needle
  2. sterile
    without contamination by microorganisms--as in, a sterile surgical field
  3. waived tests
    lowest level of lab tests according to the Clinical Lab Improvement Amendment
  4. clotting factors
    13 major and many minor proteins in the blood that help a patient clot (help coagulation occur)
  5. hemolysis
    the "lysis" or bursting of red blood cells, which causes serum or place to look clear red or pink. Ruins potassium tests
  6. centrifuge
    an instrument that spins blood samples to separate cells from liquid
  7. iodine
    an antiseptic sometimes used in drawing blood cultures
  8. septicemia
    infection in the blood
  9. bacteremia
    bacteria in the blood
  10. glucosuria
    glucose in the urine: "uria" at the end of a word means "in urine"
  11. anemia
    literally means "without blood" but refers to a condition when red blood cells aren't able to deliver enough oxygen to the tissues
  12. hematocrit
    a calculation of the % RBC per while volume of blood, usually per 100ml
  13. basilic
    a vessel of the forearm sometimes used for venipuncture
  14. diabetes
    diabetes mellitus is a disease in which sugars can't be broken down due to an insulin problem
  15. antibody
    a substance that can be made in the blood in response to exposure to an antigen
  16. patient's bill of rights
    an extension of the American Hospital Associations pledge to protect patients when under medical care
  17. fasting
    not eating or drinking
  18. malpractice
    intentional wrongdoing
  19. venule
    the name for the smallest veins
  20. hemoglobin
    the chemical inside RBCs that carries oxygen to tissue
  21. time dependent
    a test that is time dependent must be drawn at specific times, i.e. after a drug is administered, or at certain times of the day etc. as results will vary over time
  22. natremia (hypo/hyper)
    • presence of sodium in the blood
    • NA = sodium
    • EMIA = in the blood
  23. median cubital
    the vein most commonly accessed in the adult arm for venipuncture
  24. vaccination
    an infection that provides protection from infection with microorganisms
  25. evacuated drawing tubes
    vacutainers or blood collection tubes
  26. tourniquet
    a stretchy band that is tied on the arm of a patient before blood collection by venipuncture to allow blood to pool in the veins of the arm
  27. electrolytes
    the cations and anions that are found in the blood; K+, Na+, CO2, and more
  28. hematuria
    the presence of blood in urine
  29. medical ethics
    the study of right and wrong in a medical issue
  30. palpate
    to tap with light pressure, i.e. locating a good vein for venipuncture
  31. disinfectant
    a chemical that can be used on a surface to kill or remove pathogenic (disease causing) organisms
  32. hemostasis
    blood stoppage
  33. inflammation
    collection of WBCs that forms redness or oozing, usually indicating infection
  34. infection
    collection of microorganisms that cause disease
  35. human chorionic gonadotropin
    hormones produced by the placenta during pregnancy and found in both urine and blood
  36. potassium & kalemia (hypo/hyper)
    • Kalemia = potassium in blood
    • hypo = not enough
    • hyper = too much
  37. outpatient
    patients who are not admitted to hospitals for overnight stays but are treated and released
  38. systolic pressure
    the working pressure
  39. capillary
    the smallest vessels that connect the arteriole to the venous system
  40. arteriole
    the smallest type of artery
  41. antibiotic
    medicine that can be used to fight infection with bacteria
  42. coagulation
    a phase in the blood clotting sequence in which factors are released and interact to form a clot
  43. cholesterol
    a type of fat or lipid in the bloodstream
  44. artery
    a vessel that moves blood away from the heart
  45. aseptic
    literally "without sepsis" or without infection
  46. inpatient
    a patient who stays overnight in a hospital
  47. bilirubin
    a normal by product of RBC aging that can cause problems if abnormally high. When collected, it should be kept from light as it breaks it down
  48. vein
    a vessel that moves blood to the heart
  49. negligence
    a legal term referring to the failure to act or perform duties according to the standards of the profession
  50. differential smear
    a drop of whole blood that is spread along a glass slide to produce a field of cells that is one cell thick, so that the cells can be observed and counted after staining
  51. jugular
    prominent vein in the neck
  52. microorganisms
    any living organisms that are microscopic in size, i.e. you need a microscope to see them (bacteria, fungi, some parasites, etc.)
  53. nosocomial infection
    an infection that a patient acquires while in a hospital
  54. diastolic pressure
    the resting, or second blood pressure reading
  55. blood culture
    a method for growing an infectious microorganism found in patient blood to determine its identity