Phlebotomy Abbreviations

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Phlebotomy Abbreviations
2013-05-19 04:09:07

phlebotomy abbreviations
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  1. ABY screen
    antibody screen (a blood bank test)
  2. AIDS
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  3. Anat or Clin Path
    anatomic or clinical pathology
  4. APTT
    automated partial thromboplastin time
  5. BILI, Dir and Total
    bilirubin, direct and total
  6. BMT
    bone marrow transplant
  7. BP
    blood pressure
  8. CAP
    College of American Pathologists
  9. CBC
    Complete Blood Count
  10. Cl-
    Chloride (ionic)
  11. CLIA
    Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment- the law that regulates human testing
  12. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  13. DIFF
    a differential blood smear
  14. dL
    Deciliter = 100 or 0.1 liter
  15. EDTA
    Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid: the anticoagulant in lavender top blood collection tubes, used for CBC
  16. EMLA
    Eulectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics (an emulsion that can be applied to skin to deaden pain--useful for little children
  17. FFP
    fresh frozen plasma
  18. FUO
    fever of unknown origin
  19. G force
    gravitational force
  20. GLUC
  21. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  22. HbG or HB
    hemoglobin--carries oxygen inside the red blood cells
  23. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  24. HCG
    Human Chorionic Gonadotropin = hormone secreted in pregnancy
  25. HCT
    Hematocrit = % of packed RBCs per 100ml of whole blood
  26. HIPAA
    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act--protects the security and confidentiality of electronic health information
  27. Hrs PP
    hours postprandial (after eating)
  28. HTLV
    Virus associated with AIDS
  29. IV
    intravenous--within the veins
  30. JCAHO
    "Joint Commission" regulates hospitals and provides standards (i.e. Patient Safety 2004)
  31. K+
    potassium (ionic)
  32. LYTES
    electrolytes (Na, K, Cl, CO2 are the major four)
  33. MI
    Myocardial Infarction = heart attack
  34. mL
    Milliliter = 1/1000 liter
  35. MONO
    Infectious Mononucleosis abbrev.
  36. MSDS
    Material Safety Data Sheets
  37. Na
    Example: Na is the chemical abbreviation for sodium
  38. Na Citrate
    Sodium Citrate = an anticoagulant In blue top tubes
  39. Na Fluoride
    Sodium fluoride = an anticoagulant that inhibits glycosis
  40. Na Heparin
    Sodium Heparin = an anticoagulant in green top tubes
  41. Na Oxalate
    Sodium Oxalate = an anticoagulant in black topped tubes
  42. NCCLS (name changes to Clinical and Laboratory  Standards Institute beginning January 20, 2005)
    National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards--recommends quality standards and guidelines for clinical laboratory procedures
  43. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration that regulates safe work practices
  44. Packed RBCs
    red blood cells with plasma removed as much as possible
  45. pH
    a number that indicates how much a chemical solution is acid or base in nature; the lower the number, the more acid. Water is 7 = neutral. Ammonia is above 7
  46. PLT
    platelet = cellular component of blood that forms a plug needed to stop bleeding in humans
  47. POCT
    point of care testing = testing performed at the patient's side rather than sent off to a lab (e.g. sugar, urinalysis, cholesterol)
  48. POL
    physician office laboratories
  49. PPE
    personal protective equipment = required by OSHA for safe work; in lab, this includes gloves, lab coat, goggles etc.
  50. ProTime
    Prothrombin time / tests extrinsic coagulation factors
  51. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time = like APTT tests intrinsic and common coagulation factors
  52. QA
    quality assurance = systematic method for insuring accuracy and validity in testing
  53. QC
    quality control = practices that are used as part of the overall QA effort (e.g. running normal and abnormal patients)
  54. QNS
    Quality Not Sufficient = there is not enough blood to do the test
  55. RBC
    Red blood cell = the cell that uses its hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the tissue
  56. RCF
    relative centrifugal force = what a centrifuge measures in "G" or gravitational units; the force exerted from the center out
  57. RhoGam
    Rho gamma globin = given to women of childbearing age after delivery or abortion if they are Rh-, to prevent them from forming Rh antibodies that might harm future pregnancies
  58. RT
    room temperature = 25 degrees C
  59. Temp
  60. Type and Xmatch
    type and crossmatch = the act of determine the ABO group and Rh type of a patient, and finding units of blood that are compatible
  61. UA
  62. UTI
    Urinary Tract Infection
  63. WBC
    white blood cells = the cellular component of blood that fights infection