Airline Terminology

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Anonymous
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220257
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Airline Terminology
Updated:
2013-05-19 12:21:15
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airline terminology
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Trans States Airline Terminology
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  1. A vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, or glider.
    A/C (Aircraft)
  2. Additional Crew Member (Jumpseat Rider)
    ACM
  3. The back of the airplane
    AFT
  4. A company employee concerned with the handling of ground phases of flight operations
    AGENT
  5. A commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers
    AIR CARRIER
  6. Any surface, such as an airplane wing, designed to obtain reaction from the air through which it moves
    AIRFOIL
  7. A condition in the atmosphere that can cause an airplane to lose altitude quickly
    AIR POCKET
  8. The velocity of an aircraft
    AIRSPEED
  9. A non-U.S. citizen
    ALIEN
  10. Alternate Airport
    ALT
  11. The instrument used to measure the height of an aircraft above sea level, usually expressed in feet
    ALTIMETER
  12. Aircraft on Ground (Grounded due to Maintenance)
    AOG
  13. The control of local air traffic in the vicinity of an airport by the FAA
    ATC (AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL)
  14. A separate engine on board the aircraft that provides power to the entire aircraft
    AUXILIARY POWER UNIT (APU)
  15. To incline the aircraft at an angle while turning left or right
    BANK
  16. A number of flights leaving a Hub city during a short period of time
    BANK
  17. Trolley used to roll down the aisle to serve beverages to the customer
    BEVERAGE CART
  18. A flight attendant awarded a line of flying for a particular month
    BID HOLDER
  19. A form used to bid on a line of flying for a particular month
    BID SHEET
  20. A time interval, beginning when the aircraft pulls away from the gate at the departure city and ending when the aircraft comes to a complete stop at the gate of the arrival city
    BLOCK-TO-BLOCK
  21. The document provided to the passenger that permits the passenger to board the aircraft and claim a specific seat.
    BOARDING PASS
  22. The weight of the empty aircraft, plus the weight of the crew, fuel, oil, necessary publications
    BOW (BASIC OPERATING WEIGHT)
  23. A term used to define any dividing wall in the cabin of an aircraft
    BULKHEAD
  24. The practice of denying boarding to a confirmed passenger on an overbooked flight
    BUMP
  25. The interior of an aircraft where the passengers are seated
    CABIN
  26. An originally scheduled flight that is eliminated (cancelled) due to poor weather conditions, mechanical trouble, or lack of equipment
    CANCELLED FLIGHT
  27. Pilot who is in command of the flight and sits in the left seat in the cockpit.
    CAPT or CA (CAPTAIN)
  28. Term used to refer to the distance from the ground to the underside of the clouds
    CEILING
  29. Crash-Fire-Rescue Emergency Equipment
    CFR
  30. Code of Federal Regulations
    CFR
  31. Aircraft and crew are leased by a group or company for an unscheduled flight
    CHARTER FLIGHT
  32. Blocks placed in front of and behind aircraft tires to prevent aircraft from rolling in the ramp gate area
    CHOCKS
  33. A 3-letter designation given to airport cities
    CITY CODE
  34. Departure and arrival cities
    CITY PAIR
  35. The area of the aircraft where the pilot sits (flight deck)
    COCKPIT
  36. Company mail/ Company materials
    COMAIL / COMAT
  37. Area of the terminal building where gates are located. Aircraft arrive and depart from the gate and deplane and load passengers
    CONCOURSE
  38. Flights requiring a change of aircraft at some intermediate point before arriving at the final destination. This change can be either online or interline.  Also referred to as "transfer"
    CONNECTION/ CONNECTING FLIGHT
  39. The rest period required by a crew after a completed trip
    CREW REST
  40. The department responsible for assigning and keeping track of all flight crews
    CREW SCHEDULING
  41. Doing Business As
    DBA
  42. Transportation of a crewmember from one point to another to cover a trip or return to home base
    DEADHEAD
  43. A flight that is operating later than scheduled
    DELAY
  44. Ultimate stopping place which a journey concludes
    DESTINATION
  45. A flight which may make an intermediate stop or stops before reaching its final destination but requires no change of aircraft
    DIRECT FLIGHT
  46. A steep descent
    DIVE
  47. The city (station) where the crewmember is based
    DOMICILE
  48. The government agency that governs economic concerns of the transportation industry
    DOT (DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION)
  49. The next station or stations in line of the flight's scheduled routing
    DOWNLINE
  50. The actual aircraft
    EQUIPMENT
  51. The time estimated for the aircraft to arrive
    ETA (ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL)
  52. The estimated time for the aircraft to depart
    ETD (ESTIMATED TIME OF DEPARTURE)
  53. A person who assists passengers in safety and service onboard any aircraft that seats 20 or more
    FA or F/A (FLIGHT ATTENDANT)
  54. Collapsible seat in the cabin for the Flight Attendant to sit during takeoff and landing
    FA or F/A JUMPSEAT
  55. The government agency that regulates the safety of airline operations through specific Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs)
    FAA (FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION)
  56. Rules the govern the aviation industry (Airlines, Pilots, Flight Attendants, Maintenance, etc.). Strict adherence to the rules is madatory
    FAR (FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION)
  57. A flight operated without revenue passengers, cargo, or mail. Flown to move the aircraft to a different city either to begin a flight or to undergo maintenance
    FERRY FLIGHT
  58. The movement of an aircraft from one location to another, as a scheduled flight, extra section, ferry flight, test flight, or training flight
    FLIGHT
  59. Pilot who sits in the right seat of the cockpit.
    F/O (FIRST OFFICER)
  60. All aircraft doors used as emergency exits
    FLOOR LEVEL EXIT
  61. The central body portion of an aircraft designed to accommodate the payload of the aircraft
    FUSELAGE
  62. The front of the aircraft towards the cockpit
    FWD (FORWARD)
  63. Small designated area where beverages and meals are served
    GALLEY
  64. The area of the terminal building where passengers gather before boarding an aircraft
    GATE
  65. Last departure point from a country before arriving in another country
    GATEWAY
  66. Ground support equipment used to supply on board power (lights, heat, air conditioning, etc.) to the aircraft
    GPU (GROUND POWER UNIT)
  67. The speed of an aircraft with reference to the surface of the earth
    GROUND SPEED
  68. Employee charged with overall responsibility of security related issues while the aircraft is on the ground.
    GSC (GROUND SECURITY COORDINATOR)
  69. A flight that is waiting for instructions to either takeoff, land, or park at an available gate
    HOLDING
  70. An aircraft that would be arriving or coming into a city
    INBOUND
  71. A system of navigational radios used for guiding aircraft during unfavorable weather conditions such as fog
    ILS (INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEMS)
  72. Changing from a flight of one carrier to a flight of another carrier
    INTERLINE CONNECTION
  73. A scheduled stop or stops between the originating city and the final destination
    INTERMEDIATE STATION
  74. The Captain of the flight who is charged with overall responsibility of security related issues while the aircraft is in flight
    ISC (INFLIGHT SECURITY COORDINATOR)
  75. A collapsible seat in the cockpit occupied by authorized personnel
    JUMPSEAT
  76. Authorization given to crewmembers and other eligible personnel to travel in the jumpseat
    JUMPSEAT AUTHORITY
  77. Authorized personnel occupying the jumpseat
    JUMPSEAT RIDER
  78. Velocity of one nautical mile per hour
    KNOT
  79. Time spent on the ground between flights when passenger's itinerary involves a connection
    LAYOVER
  80. The time spent downline between flights (crew rest)
    LAYOVER
  81. Refers to each flight of the passenger or crewmember inerary
    LEG OF FLIGHT
  82. Rules and regulation used to establish flying time and rest periods
    LEGALITIES
  83. A series of flights sequenced together to produce a monthly work schedule
    LINE OF FLYING
  84. Customer who boards the aircraft at the originating station
    LOCAL PASSENGER
  85. A request for ground personnel to meet and assist a passenger
    MAAS (MEET AND ASSIST)
  86. A traveler who does not show up for a flight on which he has a reservation and fails to cancel that reservation. Airlines will cancel all further flights on a traveler's itinerary when a passenger does this.
    NO-SHOW
  87. An airline employee traveling positive space on a Must Ride status.  This crewmember needs to travel from one point to another to cover a trip or return to home base.
    NRMR (NON-REVENUE MUST RIDE)
  88. An airline employee traveling for personal reasons, if space is available.
    NRPS (NON-REVENUE SPACE AVAILABLE)
  89. A flight that takes off at your origin point and does not land until it reaches your final destination point.
    NON-STOP FLIGHT
  90. The governmental agency that investigates and reports reasons for accidents and recommends solutions to the FAA.
    NTSB (NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD)
  91. Other Airline
    OAL
  92. Traveling via another airline or combination of other airlines
    OFFLINE
  93. When travel involves only one carrier
    ONLINE
  94. Changing from one flight to another flight of the same carrier
    ONLINE CONNECTION
  95. Any flight time that is not assigned to a crewmember
    OPEN TIME
  96. The city where the flight begins
    ORIGIN (ORIGINATING STATION)
  97. An aircraft that would be departing from a city
    OUTBOUND
  98. The practice by the airlines of confirming more seats on an aircraft than are actually available.  Designed to protect the airlines from no-shows
    OVERBOOKING
  99. Storage compartments located over the seats inside an aircraft cabin
    OVERHEAD BINS
  100. A situation which occurs when a customer has a confirmed reservation and a valid ticket but is not accommodated on the flight
    OVERSALE
  101. Customer who travels on a scheduled airline flight
    PAX / PSGR (PASSENGER)
  102. The last coupon of an airline ticket.  The coupon is clearly marked and serves as the passenger record for expense reports
    PASSENGER COUPON
  103. This passenger had checked his baggage at his origin city, and at his destination his baggage did not show up on the flight due to an error on the airline(s) part.
    PAWOB (PASSENGER ARRIVING WITH OUT BAGGAGE)
  104. The total weight of passengers and cargo carried on the aircraft
    PAYLOAD
  105. An item the passenger desires to carry into the cabin of the aircraft provided it does not exceed 45 linear inches
    PERSONAL ITEM (In-Cabin Baggage)
  106. Items passenger has brought to the gate area and has cleared thru the security checkpoint, but will be loaded into the cargo compartment.  Items will be returned to the passenger planeside, at the flight's destination
    PLANESIDE LOADED BAGGAGE (Valet/Carry-On)
  107. The area adjacent to the terminal building for aircraft loading and unloading
    RAMP
  108. Training required on an annual basis intended to review regulations, policies, procedures, and changes.
    RECURRENT TRAINING
  109. A rewriting of an existing ticket due to a change in fare, class of service, or routing.
    REISSUE/REROUTE
  110. A change to a crewmembers assigned flight or flights due to unforeseen circumstances, ie. cancellations, mechanicals, etc.
    RESCHEDULED FLIGHT
  111. Flight Crewmember on standby for duty
    RESERVE CREW
  112. A month or day schedule requiring a crewmember to be available on a "stand-by" basis in the event of unforeseen scheduling emergencies
    RESERVE SCHEDULE OR RESERVE DAYS
  113. The way travel between the origin and destination is arranged
    ROUTING
  114. The area used specifically for the landing and takeoff of aircraft
    RUNWAY
  115. A build up of electrical charge on the airplane
    ST. ELMO'S FIRE
  116. A flight identified with a flight number and is published in the timetable to originate and terminate at specific stations and times
    SCHEDULED FLIGHT
  117. A series of flights paired together to produce a daily work schedule
    SEQUENCE
  118. The computer reservations system used by US Airways and United.  Trans States Airlines flights are displayed on the system, hosted by our code share partners US Airways and United.
    SHARES
  119. A traveler who does not have a confirmed reservation and must wait at the airline gate for a seat to become available
    STANDBY
  120. Airport office in a city served by Trans States Airlines
    STATION
  121. An intermediate stopping point on a journey, whether voluntary or involuntary.
    STOP / STOPOVER
  122. To secure baggage into a safe location in flight
    STOW
  123. To operate an aircraft under its own power on the ground, except when involved in takeoffs and landings.
    TAXI
  124. Paved areas connecting the ramp to the runway
    TAXI STRIP
  125. The city where the flight ends
    TERMINATING STATION
  126. A passenger who has boarded the aircraft at a previous station and remains on board at the intermediate stop to continue on the flight to its destination
    THRU PASSENGER
  127. Flights requiring a change of aircraft at some intermediate point before arriving at the final destination.  This change can be either online or interline.  Also referred to as "connection".
    TRANSFER
  128. Trans States Airlines
    TSA
  129. Transportation Security Administration
    TSA
  130. Aircraft or flight that is used to operate into a city and originate as a new flight number out of that city
    TURN AROUND
  131. Children under the age of 12 traveling by themselves, without an adult
    UNACCOMPANIED MINOR
  132. The disturbance in the air caused by the passage of an airfoil
    WAKE TURBULENCE
  133. Standard world time. Based on the local time at the Prime Meridian. Used by SABRE for inputting flight times.
    ZULU TIME

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