American Studies

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  1. Why were the Jamestown and Massachusetts colonies founded?
    To find gold.
  2. What was the impact of geography on colonial settlements?
    Tobacco was very profitable, and the colonists can easily grow food.
  3. What was/were the impact and conditions of slavery? (Including the middle passage during the colonial period)
    Slavery made the colonies more profitable. The conditions for slaves were dirty and generally terrible. Illness was very common, especially on the middle passage.
  4. How did settlers interact with Native Americans?
    Settlers were at war with various tribes, but they were also allies with different tribes as well.
  5. Explain the Proclamation of 1763.
    Declared that the colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  6. French and Indian War:Cause and Effects.
    Britain and France both wanted the Ohio River Valley. France claimed the land and built Fort Duquesne, which sparked the war. A treaty was made, dividing the land between the British and the Spaniards. The Native Americans were also greatly weakened.
  7. Explain the Stamp Act.
    Required colonists to purchase special stamped paper for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, and almanac, and imposed special "stamp duties" on packages of playing cards and dice.
  8. Explain the Boston Massacre.
    A mob gathered and taunted guards, resulting in five dead colonial men. Adams labeled the event as the Boston Massacre to make it look worse than it really was.
  9. Explain the Olive Branch Petition.
    Urged a return to the "former harmony" between Britain and the colonies; sent by congress, rejected.
  10. What's a patriot? a loyalist?
    Patriots were supporters of independence, and loyalists were those who stayed loyal to the crown. They opposed independence.
  11. Explain Common Sense.
    Common Sense was an anonymous 50-page pamphlet written by colonist Thomas Paine attacking King George the 3rd.
  12. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Revolutionary War?
    If the Americans won the war, they'd gain France as a new trading partner and gain a new sense of independence from Britain. If they lost the war, they'd still be dependent.
  13. How did the colonies respond to taxation?
    They always rebelled.
  14. What was Thomas Jefferson's vision for America?
    Manifest Destiny.
  15. Explain the Louisiana Purchase.
    It involved the president buying a majority of the westland territory in the United States, which was then discovered by Lewis and Clark.
  16. Explain the Spoils System.
    Involved Andrew Jackson replacing government officials with people of his own political party.
  17. Explain the Industrial Revolution.
    The North advanced in technology. Factories and more inventions became very common.
  18. Explain the Missouri Compromise.
    The Missouri Compromise was a series of agreements that admitted Missouri as a slave state and split Louisiana into two areas, one for slave holders and one for free settlers.
  19. What were the terms of the Compromise of 1850?
    • 1.California was to be admitted as a free state
    • 2.Utah and New Mexico were to decide about 
    •    slavery.
    • 3.Texas-New Mexico border dispute resolved
    • 4.Fugitive slave act to be enforced
    • 5.Sale of slaves banned in the district of
    •   Columbia, though slavery was still allowed
  20. What was the Fugitive Slave Act?
    Said that Slaves were property, and required escaped slaves to be returned to their holders.
  21. Explain Popular Sovereignty in the colonies.
    Douglas wanted to use Popular Sovereignty to decide about slavery.
  22. Who was John Brown?
    Led an attack on a proslavery settlement on Pottawatomie Creek, killing five men.
  23. Who was Dred Scott?
    A slave who moved to a northern state with his owner, making him a free man. After seven years, they moved back to Missouri, making Scott a slave again.
  24. Explain Westward Expansion.
    The colonists believed in Manifest Destiny, or settling from coast to coast.
  25. Explain the Battle of Gettysburg.
    The turning point of the civil war. The confederates and the union soldiers were never  planning on battling at Gettysburg, but they unexpectedly met on the field. The union left victorious, weakening the south to the point that they could never attack a northern state again.
  26. What is the concept of total war?
    Fighting not only the armies and government of your opponent, but also the civilian population as well.
  27. Explain the battle of Vicksburg.
    Vicksburg was the last confederate holdout. When it was taken, the confederacy was basically split in two.
  28. What was "Bleeding Kansas"?
    The territory in which John Brown attacked. His attack sparked a war type region.
  29. Advantages and Disadvantages of the north and the south in the civil war?
    The north was more industrious, and the south had better armies.
  30. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
    Freed all slaves behind confederate lines, which made the confederates very angry.
  31. What was "Reconstruction"?
    The era in which the north and south were trying to rebuild, due to the civil war.
Card Set:
American Studies
2013-05-19 20:30:40
american studies final

American Studies Final
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