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What was life like in the slave cabins?
more than one family lived in one cabin, made up of small logs, had few personal possesions
Describe the family life?
Laws didn't protect enslaved families so marriage wasn't recognized by law, but they still married. They established extended families - network of relatives and friends.
What happened in 1808?
Congress outlawed the slaved trade, so no new slaves could enter the US.
Described African American culture?
combination of African and American culture.
By _______, almost all enslaved people in the South had been born their.
Described the purpose of the African American Christianity?
religion of hope and resistance, and sometimes folk songs had a special message.
What are slave codes? What was the purpose of them?
laws in southern states that controlled enslaved people. To prevent rebellion and prevent slave owners to teach reading and writing.
What was the time of severe slave codes?
Described what Nat Turner did? What type of resistance was this?
led a group of followers in Southhampton County, VA and killed 55 whites, but hanged. Armed Resistance
What is passive resistance?
when slaves worked slow or pretended illness
What is violent resistance?
when slaves often burn buildings and broke tools
What were the early efforts to end slavery?
- Constitutional convention 1787: let states decided slavery.
- Religious revival: changed opinions
- American Colonization Society 1816: white Virginians worked to free enslaved workers.
- Liberia developed: where African Americans settled.
William Lloyd Garrison
white abolitionists to end slavery and founded the liberator-newspaper 1831. also formed slavery societies.
The Grinkle Sisters
Sarah and Angelina Grinkle wrote "American Slavery As It is" in 1839, going against slavery.
what did the 1830 convention do?
discussed African A. college and freed African Americans to emigrated to Canda
Escaped slavery from MD, edited antislavery newspaper called "North Star"
Sojourner truth/ Isabella Baumfree
wrote abolitionism and women's rights
What is the Underground Railroad? Describe it?
escaped routes from South-North
- Passengers traveled on foot
- Had guides: "Follow the Drinkin Ghord" - North Star
- Stations: where they rested
- Had conductors to guide
famous conductor on Underground Railroad
editor of an abolitionist newspaper in Illinois but shot and killed when came out of a building angry whites set on fire.
How did the South React to abolitionism?
- claimed slavery was essential to the South
- claimed they treated the slaves good- better than northern factories
- claimed that slaves ere better under white's care.
- claimed African Americans would take jobs away from whites by accepting lower pay.
- Claimed it would start war or was a threat to nations social order.
What was the terms of the Fugitive Slave Act - 1850? What did it cause?
required all citizens to help catch runaways
more northerns angry and against slavery
What were the terms of the Kansas - Nebraska Act?
Missouri and Iowa as the territories of Kansas and Nebraska ,but as free states
Stephen A. Douglas
did popular sovereignty- allowing people to decide whether to put slavery in the state.
Who were the border muffins?
armed Missourians crossed borders to vote illegally
Who was with the the proslavery? Antislavery?
- Pro slavery: Pres. Pierce and Senate
- Antislavery: House
- raided Herpers Farry, VA to target a federal arsenal storage place for weapons and ammunition
- armed slaves to start rebellion
What party was developed in 1854? Who did it gained control of?
- Republican Party (Antislavery)
- control of house and several state govs.
Who ran and won the the election of 1856
- John C Fremont - republics
- James Buchanan - democrats (winner)
Described Dred Scott's case? What was the Supreme Court's decision?
- Sued for his freedom: owner lived on free soil for a while so testified he should be freed.
- Supreme Court:He is still a slave, because Congress can't take away property.
How was the Election of 1860 divided?
- Northern Democrats=Stephen Douglas-supported popular sovereignty.
- Southern Democrats= John C Breckenridge-supported Dred Scott Decision.
- Republican Part=Abraham Lincoln- won't disturbed slavery where it already existed, excluded from territories.
How did Lincoln win the election of 1860?
had voting along sectional lines and northern population was greater than the south
What was South Carolina's attempt to compromise?
votes for succession, or withdrawal from the union
What happened on February 4, 1861?
southern states met in Montgomery, Alabama - formed the Confederate States of America with Jefferson Davis as the president
How did the Confederate States of American justify their succession.
used theory of states rights-meaning that the government didn't have control over the state completely.
What were the reactions to succession?
Some southerns welcomed it, but some were alarmed like Robert Lee. Northern abolitionists wanted southern states to live and wanted to preserve the union.
What did Lincoln's Inaugural Address say about slavery?
commotion would cause other southern states to leave. and vowed to hold federal property in the South.
How was the civil war begun?
Fort Sumter was low on supplies and confederates demanded they surrender. Lincoln sends supplies in an unarmed expedition, but Confederates shoot 1st, before Lincoln comes with supplies. Lincoln calls for volunteers to fight.