CSET - Subtest I (lit. portion)
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smallest part of written language
- initial consonant sound of a syllable
- ex: sw- in the onset of swim
- part of a syllable that contains the vowel and all that follows it
- ex: -im is the rime of swim
recognize the same sounds in different words
- combining phonemes to create a word
- students can read and write word
recognizing the word that remains when a phoneme is deleted/removed
teaching phonemic awareness, particularly how to segment words into phonemes, helps children learn...
how to spell
what is the heart of phonemic instruction?
relating sounds to letters
systematic and explicit phonics instruction is most effective when...(2)
- introduced early
- taught to children from various social and economic levels
systematic and explicit phonics significantly improves...(2)
- k&1st word recognition and spelling
- children's reading comprehension
whole-word or meaning-based reading programs pay limited attention to...(2)
- letter-sound relationships
- how to blend letters to pronounce words
fluency is the bridge between ...
word recognition and comprehension
what substantially improves reading fluency, word recognition, speed, and accuracy?
- repeated oral reading
- w/guidance and feedback
what two exercise methods help improve reading fluency?
- students should hear models of fluent reading
- students should read orally from a text they can easily master
vocabulary is important for (3) things
- communicating effectively
- learning how to read
- reading comprehension
how do children learn the meanings of most words?
- through everyday experiences by reading or hearing language
three ways that children learn word meanings indirectly:
- children engage in oral language daily
- children listen to adults read to them
- children read extensively on their own
before reading, what helps students vocabulary and reading comprehension?
teaching them new specific words so they understand them when they reach them in the new text
word-learning strategies (3)
- knowing how to use dictionaries, thesauruses, and other reference aids
- knowing how to use info about word parts to figure out the word's meaning (affixes, root word, base word, etc.)
- how to use context clues to determine word meaning
Good readers are: (2)
- purposeful - have a purpose for reading..whether its to learn a new skill or for entertainment or for a course req.
- active - think actively using their experiences and knowledge to help them make sense of the text
"thinking about thinking" or thinking about and having control over their reading is categorized as...
knowing when you understand what you read and what you did not understand is categorized as...
using what type of comprehension strategy do students have greater appreciation, understanding, and memory for stories...?
recognizing story structure
A synthesis of the important ideas in a text is called...
comprehension strategies are direct and typically include...(4)
- direct explanation
- guided practice
cooperative learning involves students...
working together as partners or in small groups on clearly defined tasks helping each other learn and comprehend
the following are what kind of strategies:
ask questions about the text
summarize parts of text
clarify words and sentences not understood
predict what might occur next in the text
comprehension strategies used in reciprocal teaching
- thought and language are not coordinated during the sensorimotor and preoperational stages
- birth to age 6..thought and language develop independently
- before age 6 or 7 language is primarily functional
piaget is known for his four developmental stages:
- (1) sensorimotor
- (2) preoperational
- (3) concrete operational
- (4) formal operational
what are the building blocks of language?
what is the study of logical or grammatical structure of sentences?
what is the study of the meaning of language?
what is the study of how diff contexts and social setting impact the way language is used?
what is the study of longer spoken and written discourses such as verbal exchanges or written texts?
norm-referenced tests are designed to ...
- compare students
- ex: Intelligence tests (IQ)
criterion-referenced tests are designed to...
- determine the degree to which an objective has been reached
- ex: teacher-made tests
SES stands for...
to regard with horror
an addition to an established group or collection
to correct firmly but kindly
skillful or nimble in difficult circumstances
to do with the emotional or feeling aspect of learning
open to many interpretations
absence of passion or emotion
the ability to gain from a particular type of instruction
to affirm or certify
to increase or add to
to shore up, support
direct and outspoken
a person who judges the morality of other; act on that judgment
expression of disapproval, reprimand
the act of ceasing or halting
concealed or secret
regarding space and time
existing at birth but nonhereditary
to make certain with other information, to confirm
claim to acceptance or trustworthiness
surface, not in depth
condition of decline/decay
to send around, scatter
thinking that extends in many directions, is not focused
from observation or experiment
a mystery or puzzle
uncertain, capable of multiple interpretations
to speed up, facilitate
take max advantage of, perhaps unethically
coming from outside
marked by intense feeling
difficult to surmount
a noisy quarrel or a scrap
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