a device that is used to provide support to a patient who is suspected of having a hip, pelvic, spinal, or lower extrimity injury. also called a spine board, trauma board, longboard
a rigid stretcher commonly used in technical and water rescues that surrounds and supports the patient yet allows water to drain through holes in the bottom, also called a stokes litter.
a carrying technique in which one EMT-B is located at the head end, one at the foot end, and one at each side of the patient, each of the two EMT at the sides uses one hand to support the strecher so that all are able to face forward as they walk
direct ground lift
a lifting technique that is used for patients who are found lying supine on the ground with no suspected spinal injury
a move in which the patient is dragged or pulled from a dangerous scene before initial assessment and care are provided
a lifting technique that is used for patients who are supine or in a sitting position with no suspected extremity or spinal injuries
a strecher that is a rigid carrying device when secured around a patient but can be folded or rolled when not in use.
a strecher with a strong rectangular tubular metal frame and rigid fabric streched across it
a technique in which the litter or backboard is gripped by inserting each hand under the jandle with the palm facing up and the thumb extended, fully supporting the underside of teh handle on the curved palm with the fingers and thumb.
a lifting technique in which the EMT back is held upright, with legs bent, and the patient is lifted when the EMT straightens the legs to raise the upper body and arms
rapid extraction technique
a technique to move a patient from a sitting position inside a vechicle to supine on a backboard in less than one minute when conditions do not allow for standard immobilization
a strecher that is designed to be split into two or four sections that can be fitted around a patient who is lying on the ground or other relatively flat surface, also called a split litter
a lightweight folding device that is used to carry a conscious, seated patient up or down stairs
wheeled ambulance strecher
a specifically designed strecher that can be rolled along the ground, a collapsible undercarriage allows it to be loaded into the ambulance, also called the cot or ambulance cot.