The House of Bernarda Alba by Frederico Garcia Lorca (1943)
- Characters: Bernarda Alba, Angustias, Adela, Maria Josefa, Pepe, Poncia, Magdelena, Amelia, Martirio
- Themes: Societal oppression of women, Tradition, Authoritarianism, Reputation, Sexuality
- Devices: Symbolism, symbolic nomenclature
- Notes: Post-Spanish Civil War (Franco's reign), Authoritarianism. The play centers on the events of a house in Andalusia during a period of mourning, in which Bernarda Alba (aged 60) wields total control over her five daughters Angustias (39 years old), Magdalena (30), Amelia (27), Martirio, (24), and Adela (20). The housekeeper (La Poncia) and Bernarda's elderly mother (María Josefa) also live there.Upon her second husband's death, domineering matriarch Bernarda Alba imposes an eight-year mourning period on her household, as per her family tradition.Tension explodes as family members confront one another and Bernarda pursues Pepe with a gun. A gunshot is heard outside, implying that Pepe has been killed.Soon Poncia's shriek is heard. She returns with her hands clasped around her neck and warns the family not to enter the room. Adela, not knowing that Pepe survived, has hanged herself.