Physiology Exam 1

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kgeary
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220386
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Physiology Exam 1
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2013-05-28 08:25:19
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Physiology Exam
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Physiology Exam 1
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  1. Keratinocyte
    Skin cell of epidermis
  2. Osteoblast
    cell  that synthesizes bone
  3. Osteoclast
    Cell that degrades bone
  4. Chondroblast
    Cell that synthesizes cartilage
  5. Myoblast
    Muscle stem cell
  6. Myofiber
    skeletal  muscle cell
  7. glial cell
    Support cell in nervous tissue
  8. Neuron
    Cell that receives and conducts nerve impusles
  9. Cardiocyte
    Heart muscle cell
  10. Erythrocyte
    Red Blood Cell
  11. Leukocyte
    White Blood Cell
  12. Platelet
    Blood clotting cell fragment
  13. T Cell
    WBC that is responsible for cell-mediated immunity
  14. B Cell
    WBC that is responsible for antibody immunity
  15. Macrophage
    WBC that performs phagocytes
  16. Ovum (oocyte)
    a mature egg cell
  17. spermatozoon
    a mature sperm cell
  18. embryonic stem cell
    cell capable of  becoming any cell of  the human body
  19. fibroblast
    cell that gives rise to connective tissue
  20. epithelial cell
    cell that lines the  external and internal surfaces of  the body
  21. adipocyte
    fat cell
  22. parenchymal cell
    functional cell of an organ
  23. stromal  cell
    structural cell of an organ
  24. hepatocyte
    liver cell
  25. goblet cell
    muscus secreting cell
  26. enterocyte
    intestinal epithelial cell
  27. pneumocyte
    cell  responsible for mediating gas exchange in the lungs
  28. ependymal cells
    glial cells that line the CSF-filled ventricles in the brain and the central canal of the spinal cord.
  29. Astrocytes
    • Regulate the external chemical environment of neurons by removing excess ions and recycling neurotransmitters.
    • The current theory suggests that astrocytes may be the predominant "building blocks" of the blood–brain barrier.
    • The pedecals (feet) form tight junctions on capillaries BBB
  30. Oligodendrocytes
    • Myelinate axons in the CNS.  
    • 1 oligodendrocyte can wrap around multiple axons
  31. Schwann Cells
    • Myelinate axons in the PNS.  
    • 1 schwann cell can wrap around 1 axon
  32. Microglial Cells
    • Macrophages in the brain.
    • Eat worn out neurons and glial cellls
  33. Satellite Cells
    • Similar to astrocytes
    • support cells
    • scavenge ions
  34. Ectoderm gives rise to?
    • Skin
    • Nervous
  35. Mesoderm gives rise to?
    • muscle
    • connective tissue
    • endothelium, mesothelium
  36. Endoderm gives rise to?
    interior linings of the digestive

    interior linings of the respiratory (except mouth, pharynx, rectum)
  37. SGLT1
    Where?
    What's the ratio?
    • Small Intestine
    • 2 Na : 1  Glucose
  38. SGLT2
    Where?
    Ratio?
    • Kidney
    • 1 Na : 1 Glucose
  39. GLUT1
    All Cells, RBCs
  40. GLUT2
    Kidney,  Liver, Beta Cells Pancrease
  41. GLUT4
    • Skeletal Muscle
    • Adipose tissue

    * Insulin mediated
  42. Cranial Nerve 1
    Olfactory - Smell
  43. Cranial Nerve 2
    Optic - Vision
  44. Cranial Nerve 3
    Ocular motor - Eye movement
  45. Cranial Nerve 4
    Trochlear - Eye movement
  46. Cranial Nerve 5
    Trigeminal - Face sensation
  47. Cranial Nerve 6
    Abducen - ocular muscles
  48. Cranial Nerve 7
    Facial
  49. Cranial Nerve 8
    vestibularcochlear - balance & hearing
  50. Cranial Nerve 9
    glossopharyngeal - tase
  51. Cranial Nerve 10
    Vagus - sensory info of viscera
  52. Cranial Nerve 11
    Accessory - Neck Muscles
  53. Cranial Nerve 12
    Hypoglossal - Tongue
  54. Sodium Concentrations
    • Intracellular: 15 mM
    • Interstitial: 145 mM
    • Plasma: 142 mM
  55. Potassium Concentration
    • Intracellular: 120 mM
    • Interstitial: 4.5 mM
    • Plasma: 4.4 mM
  56. Calcium Concentration
    • Intracellular: 1 x 10-4 mM
    • Interstitial: 1.2 mM
    • Plasma: 1.2 mM
  57. Chlorine Concentration
    • Intracellular: 7 mM
    • Interstitial: 100 mM
    • Plasma: 102 mM

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