Anthropology Final Exam
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Define: Political Integration
where activities are organized and centralized
Bulletpoint 4 types of political organizations
Bulletpoint 5 characteristics of a state
- Large Pop.
- Collect Taxes
- Draft men
Provide a reason we follow state power
Define: Segmentary Lineage system
one type of tribal integration based on kinship
- civil war
Define: Codified laws
formal principles for resolving disputes n heterogeneous stratified societies
Define: Capital Punishment
the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime
Seeing if someone is guilty for a crime by exposing them to painful or dangerous tasks to see if they are under supernatural control
Judge makes a decision on a civil dispute
short term use of force organized to realize a limited objective
Define: Universality Law
all societies have regularized peaceful ways of handling at least certain disputes
Why are some societies more violent than others?
aggressive sports and desensitization to violence through media and culture
attitudes or beliefs, supernatural higher beings
not subject to the laws of nature
Explain Edward Tylors Approach to religion
religion is organized in peoples states, Animism belief in a soul
the attribution of a living soul to plants or inanimate objects
Explain Emeal Durkheims approach to religion
Religion provides community
- anamatism- supernat. force
- mana-where force goes
bulletpoint two categories of supernatural beings.
- ghosts/ancestral beings
2 characteristics of gods/spirits
- created themselves and other gods
- take different forms
belief in one god
5 ways we interact with the supernatural
prayer,physiological experience, simulation, feasts, sacrifices.
define: physiological experience
doing something to the body and mind
give examples of simulation
immitation of something voodoo dolls
give one reason for human sacrifice
please gods, make it rain
use of materials or objects, and medicines to invoke supernatural malevolence.
one reason for the belief in witchcraft
explain events for which the cause is unknown
bulletpoint 4 types of religious practitioners
define: applied anthropology
explicitly concerned with making anthropological knowledge useful
what is our first code of ethic
everything should be done to ensure that their welfare and dignity are protected
bulletpoint the three barriers that hinder change
- overcoming resistence
- utilizing local channels of influence
define Cultural resource management (CRM)
recovering and preserving the archaeological record left by the ancestors of living people.
define: forensic anthropology
identifying human remains to solve crimes by applying knowledge of physical anthropology.
knowledges of a cultural group how they play a part in their health
bulletpoint the 4 categories used by healers
- naming process
- personality of dr.
- patients expectations
- curing techniques
Why is AIDS and HIV considered a social issue?
because it is a preventable disease. knowledge and precaution can greatly reduce the issue
bulletpoint 3 global social issues
- under nutrition
- women's rights
define: social problem
social issues that either directly or indirectly affect a person or many members of a society
bulletpoint two forms of violence
provide one reason for wife or women abuse.
to continue control by men
provide one reason for high crime rates
one reason for war
fear of loss of resources
define: state terrorism
government killing their own
what are universal human rights
access to food, clean water, shelter, safety
define: cultural relativism
the attitude that a society's customs and ideas should be viewed within the context of that society's problem/opportunities.
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