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what two non dopamine atnagonist drugs cause elevated prolactin levels?
alpha methyl dopa
when can u give spironolactone?
urine acid or base causes calcium phosphate stones?
- acid--treat by alkalinzation of urine via acetazolamide
how big are stones to pass spontaneous?
5 mm or less
what causes idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis?
most specific antibodies for lupus nephritis?
cocktail of 3 drugs for nephrotic syndrome?
- ace inhibitors
which rta causes stones?
rx for rta type 1/
- type 1--bicarb
- type 2--diuretics
- type 4--fludrocortisone
difference between familial hypocalcuric hypercalcemia and other causes of hyperacalcemia?
- no kidney stones
- family history
- no osteopenia in the familial form
when do u do TURP?
when medical therapy fails
when is prostate ca screened for?
after 40 yo
in an elderly man, with either abnormal rectal or high psa, next step?
rx for testicular torsion?
detorsion and orchiopexy
rx for epidymitis
same as prostiats
chemo for testicular cancer?
dx of posterior urethral valve?
part of bladder in peritoneum
dome of bladder