THA 137 Final Identifications.txt

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THA 137 Final Identifications.txt
2013-05-23 14:15:31

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  1. Dadasaheb Phalke
    Born into a priestly family and had trained in becoming a Sanskrit scholar. He had shown interest in the arts when he was younger. He is often referred as “the father of Indian Cinema.” Western films impacted his approach of cinematic production.
  2. Parsi Theater
    Founded in 1835. Formed the cultural foundation of Indian cinema. Combined European and Indian theatrical forms into theater that appealed to the public.
  3. Mahurat
    A ritual that is done before production of a film. The Muhurat ritual is also used as a marketing device. The date and time when the production starts is based on astrological calculations.
  4. Lata Mangeshkar
    First singing star on camera. Became an important presence in Raj Kapoor’s films. Dominated the playback charts between 1953 and 1980.
  5. Langaan
    Aamir Khan produced and starred in this film. This film would revolutionize and modernize Bollywood and signaled the arrival of the new era. It was India’s first synchronous film.
  6. Jamsetji Framji Madan
    He was influenced by Phalke. He specialized in catering to an anglicized urban elite and showed hardly any Indian films.
  7. Playback Singing
    actors who appear on camera would lip sync songs recorded earlier by vocalists. Before actors both sang and act but that group of people disappeared.
  8. Jidai-geki / gendai-geki
    These are the two different genres of Japanese film. Jidai-geki is period or costume films. They were usually swordplay movies. Gendai-geki is films with modern settings.
  9. Benshi
    A narrator that was used to explain the film to the audience. This eliminated the need for printed titles and this has been a tradition in Kabuki. When sound was slowly being put into film, the benshi was strongly affected and they protested violently.
  10. Rashoman
    Directed by Akira Kurosawa. This was the movie that made Kurosawa popular and introduced Japanese cinema to the western world.
  11. Ronin
    Independent samurais who had lost their places and lapsed into poverty. Ronins were used in the movie, The Seven Samurai
  12. Noh Theater
    An art-form dedicated to and supported by the Shogun of Japan. The core belief is Zen Buddhism: ultimate peace comes through union with all creation, that individual desire must be abandoned, and nothing in life is permanent.
  13. Takashi Shimura
    Another important actor that was in Akira Kurasawa’s movies. Starred in Ikiru and was also in Rashoman.
  14. Ikiru
    Translation is “to live” which is ironic since the film is focused on death. This film is in the tradition of gendai-geki. This film was both a popular and critical success. Kurosawa’s most important film.
  15. Toshiro Mifune
    He was an important actor to Akira Kurosawa and appeared in majority of his movies.
  16. A Spring River Flows East
    This movie came out of China’s second golden age as Shanghai revival Chinese cinema became left-wing.
  17. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
    A wuxia film directed by Ang Lee.
  18. Ang Lee
    One man revival for Taiwanese Film Industry. Life of Pi was a significant jump for him.
  19. Red Sorghum
    Important film by Zhang Yimou. It was show in brilliant color and dealt with raw sex and violence. This movie signaled the full blossoming of the fifth generation.
  20. Chen Kaige
    Was part of the Red Guard and denounced his father for being an art family. However he regretted it and had the film Farewell my Concubine. Which gave him internation recognition.
  21. Wong Kar-Wai
    He is unusual film maker for a Hong Kong director. He blends traditional genres with literary emphasis. While most Hong Kong directors work fast and come in under budget, Wong Kar-Wai was known for taking as long as 2 years to complete the films and it became very expensive.
  22. Jia Zhangke
    Likes working with amateur actors and filming semi-documentary style on location. Part of the sixth generation and they accuse the fifth generation of selling out to the Chinese government.
  23. Fifth Generation
    Considered to be a recent golden age in cinema in which film makers garnered international reputations and film began to break free of tight government controls. This came in the wake of the cultural revolution.
  24. Shaw Brothers
    There are four brothers that originated from Shanghai but moved to Hong Kong. The SB cinema crossed traditional boundaries and catered to diasporic Chinese community. They redefined Hong Kong cinema, modernized it and gave it cutting edge technology.
  25. Beijing Film School
    Founded in 1956 under the Ministry of Culture. The communist party during that time had encouraged film production and abolished commercial film-making, nationalizing and subsidizing the industry.
  26. Gong Li
    One of Zhang Yimou’s actresses in majority of his movies. Film debut Zhang Yimou’s Re Sorghum. She is the first genuinely international star from the People’s Republic of china. She is the first actress to emerge from the People’s Republic who plays characters that are not only the object of desire but also the agent.
  27. Zhang Yimou
    Most talented film maker to emerge from the fifth generation.
  28. Yellow Earth
    Chen Kaige’s breakthrough film. There is a conflict with old China and new China.
  29. Sixth Generation
    First started off with a massive pro-democracy demonstration, Tiananmen Square. Underground film movement. Films were shot quickly and cheaply, in the Italian neo-realist tradition, with long takes, hand-held cameras, ambient sound.
  30. Cinematograph Films Act (1927)
    Key turning point in Great Britain that ushered in the boom of the 1930s. This required that cinemas show a percentage or quota of British films. This was done to promote the British economy and to protect the public against the content of Hollywood films.
  31. Ealing Studios
    Under the control of Michael Balcon, this studio produced comedies that were successful at the British box office and overseas.
  32. Alexander Korda
    Directed The Private Life of Henry VIII and it was one of the most successful exports to the U.S. of any film in the period.
  33. Kitchen Sink Realism
    The British New Wave. This represented a major turning point in British film. They dealt with a new openness about working class life and taboo subjects such as abortion and homosexuality.
  34. 10BA
    This was the change of income tax law in Autralia in the 1970s and 1980s. It replaced direct with indirect state funding. It offered tax concessions for investors. It emphasized making films for export to sustain profits and for Australian television.
  35. Peter Weir
    Directed Picnic at Hanging Rock which was a blend of the period film with a literary property and European auteur tradition.