7th Grade SC History Exam

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andreafogle
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220862
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7th Grade SC History Exam
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2013-05-23 19:02:49
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SC History
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Final Exam 7th grade SC History
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  1. That the United States was destined to control the land area between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean was said to be _________.
    Manifest Destiny
  2. During this period, those in favor of secession were called ________________.
    fire-eaters
  3. _____________ meant that the people would be able to vote on whether to have slavery or not.
    Popular Sovereignty
  4. Senator _____________ proposed a constitutional amendment  that would create two presidents, one from the SOuth and one from the North.
    John C. Calhoun
  5. _____________ led the Texans to defeat Santa Anna and his army at the Battle of San Jacinto.
    Sam Houston
  6. Editor of the Democratic Review who wrote about the manifest destiny of the United States.
    John O'Sullivan
  7. Leader of the fire-eaters from Beaufort
    Robert Barnwell Rhett
  8. A slave who sued his master for his freedom.
    Dred Scott
  9. Abolitionist who led a raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
    John Brown
  10. Republican "know nothing" presidential candidate in 1856.
    John Freemont
  11. Southern Democrat candidate for president in 1860.
    John C. Breckinridge
  12. General who captured Mexico City in the Mexican-American war.
    Winfield Scott
  13. Mississippi senator who became president of the Confederate States of America.
    Jefferson Davis
  14. US Senator who brought about passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and later was 1860 Democratic presidential candidate.
    Stephen A. Douglas
  15. Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin 
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
  16. Republican elected president in 1860.
    Abraham Lincoln
  17. Wrote diary about the Civil War and the period leading up to it.
    Mary Boykin Chesnut
  18. Fighting between small groups
    skirmish
  19. People who supported the King.
    Loyalists
  20. Attack by surrounding and keeping supplies out.
    Siege
  21. A situation with no winner or looser.
    stalemate
  22. Document by which the colonies declared themselves separate from Great Britain.
    Declaration of Independence
  23. People who supported the Continental Congress
    patriots
  24. Harassment of the enemy by small groups of soldiers.
    guerrilla warfare
  25. Commander of the S.C. militia after whom the fort on Sullivan's Island was renamed.
    William Moultrie
  26. Commanded the British forces as the Battle of Camden.
    Lord Cornwallis
  27. Led force into Upcountry, in 1775, to subdue loyalists in what came to be called the "snow campaign"
    Richard Richardson
  28. Commanded the American troops at Saratoga, but lost the Battle of Camden.
    Horatio Gates
  29. Set sail from Boston with a large British naval force to attack Charles Town.
    Henry Clinton
  30. Slaughtered a regiment of Virginians at Waxhaws.
    Banastre Tarleton
  31. Commanded American forces at the Battle of Cowpens.
    Daniel Morgan
  32. ___________________ of Virginia declared in 1775 in a speech to fight for Independence the words, "give me liberty or give me death."
    Patrick Henry
  33. ___________________ wrote the pamphlet  COMMON SENSE calling for Independence from Great Britain.
    Thomas Paine
  34. ____________________ was a SC leader who spent part of the American Revolution as a prisoner in the Tower of London.
    Henry Laurens
  35. The Battle at ________________ , where over 1,100 loyalists were killed or wounded has been called the turning point of the American Revolution in the South.
    King's Mountain
  36. ______________ was the last major battle in S.C. in September 1781.
    Etaw Springs
  37. ________________harassed Cornwallis' army as he moved through NC on his way North to link up with General Clinton.
    Nathaniel Greene
  38. The militia in Massachusetts were called ______________.
    minutemen
  39. Most of the loyalists in SC lived in the _______________.
    Upcountry
  40. The Battle of ________________ was the best planned battle during the Revolutionary War.
    Cowpens
  41. Describe two physical features at Sullivan's Island that helped the Americans win the 1776 battle there.
    • The fort was built out of Palmetto logs.
    • The fort was near deep waters where British couldn't cross.
  42. Former slaves were called ______________.
    Freedmen
  43. _________________ shot and wounded President Abraham Lincoln.
    John Wilkes Booth
  44. The reunification of the country after the Civil War is known as ____________________.
    Reconstruction
  45. The ___________  _____________  was created by the federal government to help former slaves have an easy transition  into society after the war.
    Freedmen's Bureau
  46. A __________ _______ is an indirect veto by a president who holds the bill unsigned until after Congress adjourns.
    pocket veto
  47. __________ became president after Lincoln's assassination.
    Andrew Johnson
  48. The _____________ ___________ were a series of laws intended to restrict the freedom of blacks.
    Black Codes
  49. The Confederate leader who was charged with treason and imprisoned for two years was _____________________.
    Jefferson Davis
  50. The Pennsylvania senator who was one of the leaders of the Radical Republicans in Congress was ___________________.
    Thaddeus Stevens
  51. The ____________ Amendment gave equal protection under the laws and equal privilege and immunities to blacks.
    14th
  52. To ________________ is to bring charges of wrongdoing against an elected official while that person is still in office.
    impeach
  53. _____________________ was the commander of the Second Military District, which included SC.
    General Sickles
  54. Northern whites who moved south after the war were called ________________________.
    carpet baggers
  55. ____________________, who we remember for hijacking "The Planter", later served in the SC state legislature and in the US House of Representaties.
    Robert Smalls
  56. White southerners who had not participated in the Confederacy were called _______________. Today that word means rascal.
    scalawags
  57. In the sharecropping system, the ____________ provided the labor and the __________________ provided the land, a house, fuel, seed, fertilizer, tools and animals.
    • Tenant farmer   
    • landowner
  58. ________________ continued to be the dominant cash crop.
    cotton
  59. The belief that the white race is superior to all other races is called__________________.
    White supremacy
  60. In the 1876 election, Republican presidential candidate, ____________________, promised to withdraw federal troops from the south in return for the electoral votes of three southern states.
    Rutherford B. Hayes
  61. President who warned Europeans to stay out of American affairs.
    James Monroe
  62. President during the Panic of 1837
    Martin Van Buren
  63. Kentuckian who served as the speaker of the US House of Representatives.
    Henry Clay
  64. South Carolina senator who supported nullification but who resigned to become governor.
    Robert Y. Hayne
  65. Accused of a "corrupt bargain" when he was chosen president.
    John Quincy Adams
  66. His supporters were called Democrats
    Andrew Jackson
  67. Vice President and US senator from SC
    John C. Calhoun
  68. South Carolinian who served as ambassador to Russia.
    Henry Middleton
  69. Why did John C. Calhoun call the Tariff of 1828 the "Tariff of Abominations"?
    He felt the tax on imports was excessive and unfairly targeted the south.
  70. Name 3 political procedures that Jackson and the Democrats introduced into American Politics.
    • 1. mudslinging
    • 2. platforms
    • 3. spoil system
  71. The slave states that did not secede along the western counties of Virginia.
    border states
  72. The use of naval forces to stop shipping.
    blockade
  73. Federal fort off the coast of SC that was bombarded by Confederate forces.
    Fort Sumter
  74. The Union plan to take the Mississippi River and squeeze the Confederacy to death.
    Anaconda Plan
  75. Confederate capital for most of the war.
    Richmond Virginia
  76. Fast ships that were supposed to be able to outrun other naval ships.
    blockade runners
  77. General who led Union troops through Georgia and SC destroying property.
    Sherman
  78. The trading of one item for another.
    barter
  79. President of the Confederacy
    Jefferson Davis
  80. This battle was the turning point of the Civil War in the east.
    Gettysburg
  81. Armored vessels that Confederate Navy used during the war.
    Iron clads
  82. Those killed or wounded
    casualities
  83. Confederate submarine that sank the USS Housatonic in 1864.
    Hunley
  84. Commanded the Army of Northern Virginia
    Robert E. Lee
  85. Commander of all Union troops.
    Grant
  86. Confederate general who was wounded by his own troops in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
    Stonewall Jackson
  87. Issued by Abraham Lincoln in 1863, freeing all staves in states in rebellion agains the US.
    Emancipation Proclomation
  88. A slave from Beaufort who became a Charleston harbor pilot who joined the Union Forces.
    Robert Smalls
  89. Where was the first LAND battle in SC?

    (Chapter 14)
    Secessionville on James Island
  90. What were the advantages of the North in the Civil War?
    • *They had their own monetary system.
    • *They ad 2/3 of the railroads.
    • *They had 75% of the wealth.
    • *They had 80% of thefactories 
    • *They had more men
    • *They had an army, navy and established government.
  91. What were the advantages of the South in the Civil War?
    • *They knew the land
    • *They were experienced with firing guns.
    • *They had a reason to fight.
    • *They had better military leaders and military tradition.
    • *They were used to riding horses.
  92. To withdraw from the Union
    secede
  93. A paved road that a traveler had to pay a fee or toll to use.
    turnpike
  94. The right to vote.
    suffrage
  95. A large boat designed to carry passengers, goods, or vehicles across a body of water such as a river.
    ferry
  96. All persons who are eligible to vote.
    electorate
  97. To add or join to a larger area
    annex
  98. A waterway that joins one river or body of water to another.
    canal
  99. A serious downturn in the economy when sales and prices drop, manufacturing decreases, banks fail, businesses close and people lose their jobs.
    depression
  100. The practice of forcing a person to enter public service, particularly the navy.
    impressment
  101. A school in the early 1800 that was similar to the high school of today.
    academy
  102. To give up or surrender
    cede
  103. To set aside funds for a specific purpose
    appropriate
  104. The ____________________ contributed to the growth of slavery in the south.
    cotton gin
  105. _______________ were new representatives in Congress from the South and West who called for war with the British.
    War Hawks
  106. ________________, a SC native, commanded the Americans to a decisive victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
    Andrew Jackson
  107. __________________ wrote the words to "The Star Spangled Banner" following the battle at Ford McHenry in 1814.
    Francis Scott Key
  108. ____________________ wrote books such as "The Pioneers" and "The last of the Mohicans", about life on the American frontier.
    James F. Cooper
  109. ____________________ was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who believed the federal government should always be stronger than the states.
    John Marshall
  110. Charleston merchants Benjamin Smith and John McKenzie willed their libraries and some money to start a college; which created ___________________________ in 1790.
    College of Charleston
  111. What were two opposing views regarding the role of government after the Panic of 1819?

    (chapter 10)
    Most people thought the goverment should place more controls on banks to protect the people. Other thought goverment should be small and not get involved in day to day affairs of the citizens.
  112. The building in which a state or national government meets.
    capital
  113. The first constitution of the US
    Article of Confederation
  114. The ability of courts to examine laws to determine whether they are constitutional.
    Judicial Review
  115. A state's refusal to obey or enforce a federal law it thinks is wrong.
    nullification
  116. The group that advises the president.
    cabinet
  117. A tax on imports
    tarrif
  118. A person who is not a citizen of the US
    alien
  119. At the Constitutional Convention, the __________ Compromise referred o the counting of slaves.
    three-fifths
  120. __________________ believed in strict construction of the Constitution.
    Thomas Jefferson
  121. _________________ believed in a broad construction of the Constitution.
    Alexander Hamilton
  122. _________________ was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served four times as governor of SC.
    Charles Pinckney
  123. _____________________ wrote the Virginia Plan, which was the basis for the Constitution and a new government.
    James Madison

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