7th Grade SC History Exam
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7th Grade SC History Exam
Final Exam 7th grade SC History
That the United States was destined to control the land area between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean was said to be _________.
During this period, those in favor of secession were called ________________.
_____________ meant that the people would be able to vote on whether to have slavery or not.
Senator _____________ proposed a constitutional amendment that would create two presidents, one from the SOuth and one from the North.
John C. Calhoun
_____________ led the Texans to defeat Santa Anna and his army at the Battle of San Jacinto.
Editor of the
who wrote about the manifest destiny of the United States.
Leader of the fire-eaters from Beaufort
Robert Barnwell Rhett
A slave who sued his master for his freedom.
Abolitionist who led a raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
Republican "know nothing" presidential candidate in 1856.
Southern Democrat candidate for president in 1860.
John C. Breckinridge
General who captured Mexico City in the Mexican-American war.
Mississippi senator who became president of the Confederate States of America.
US Senator who brought about passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and later was 1860 Democratic presidential candidate.
Stephen A. Douglas
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Republican elected president in 1860.
Wrote diary about the Civil War and the period leading up to it.
Mary Boykin Chesnut
Fighting between small groups
People who supported the King.
Attack by surrounding and keeping supplies out.
A situation with no winner or looser.
Document by which the colonies declared themselves separate from Great Britain.
Declaration of Independence
People who supported the Continental Congress
Harassment of the enemy by small groups of soldiers.
Commander of the S.C. militia after whom the fort on Sullivan's Island was renamed.
Commanded the British forces as the Battle of Camden.
Led force into Upcountry, in 1775, to subdue loyalists in what came to be called the "snow campaign"
Commanded the American troops at Saratoga, but lost the Battle of Camden.
Set sail from Boston with a large British naval force to attack Charles Town.
Slaughtered a regiment of Virginians at Waxhaws.
Commanded American forces at the Battle of Cowpens.
___________________ of Virginia declared in 1775 in a speech to fight for Independence the words, "give me liberty or give me death."
___________________ wrote the pamphlet COMMON SENSE calling for Independence from Great Britain.
____________________ was a SC leader who spent part of the American Revolution as a prisoner in the Tower of London.
The Battle at ________________ , where over 1,100 loyalists were killed or wounded has been called the turning point of the American Revolution in the South.
______________ was the last major battle in S.C. in September 1781.
________________harassed Cornwallis' army as he moved through NC on his way North to link up with General Clinton.
The militia in Massachusetts were called ______________.
Most of the loyalists in SC lived in the _______________.
The Battle of ________________ was the best planned battle during the Revolutionary War.
Describe two physical features at Sullivan's Island that helped the Americans win the 1776 battle there.
The fort was built out of Palmetto logs.
The fort was near deep waters where British couldn't cross.
Former slaves were called ______________.
_________________ shot and wounded President Abraham Lincoln.
John Wilkes Booth
The reunification of the country after the Civil War is known as ____________________.
The ___________ _____________ was created by the federal government to help former slaves have an easy transition into society after the war.
A __________ _______ is an indirect veto by a president who holds the bill unsigned until after Congress adjourns.
__________ became president after Lincoln's assassination.
The _____________ ___________ were a series of laws intended to restrict the freedom of blacks.
The Confederate leader who was charged with treason and imprisoned for two years was _____________________.
The Pennsylvania senator who was one of the leaders of the Radical Republicans in Congress was ___________________.
The ____________ Amendment gave equal protection under the laws and equal privilege and immunities to blacks.
To ________________ is to bring charges of wrongdoing against an elected official while that person is still in office.
_____________________ was the commander of the Second Military District, which included SC.
Northern whites who moved south after the war were called ________________________.
____________________, who we remember for hijacking "The Planter", later served in the SC state legislature and in the US House of Representaties.
White southerners who had not participated in the Confederacy were called _______________. Today that word means rascal.
In the sharecropping system, the ____________ provided the labor and the __________________ provided the land, a house, fuel, seed, fertilizer, tools and animals.
________________ continued to be the dominant cash crop.
The belief that the white race is superior to all other races is called__________________.
In the 1876 election, Republican presidential candidate, ____________________, promised to withdraw federal troops from the south in return for the electoral votes of three southern states.
Rutherford B. Hayes
President who warned Europeans to stay out of American affairs.
President during the Panic of 1837
Martin Van Buren
Kentuckian who served as the speaker of the US House of Representatives.
South Carolina senator who supported nullification but who resigned to become governor.
Robert Y. Hayne
Accused of a "corrupt bargain" when he was chosen president.
John Quincy Adams
His supporters were called Democrats
Vice President and US senator from SC
John C. Calhoun
South Carolinian who served as ambassador to Russia.
Why did John C. Calhoun call the Tariff of 1828 the "Tariff of Abominations"?
He felt the tax on imports was excessive and unfairly targeted the south.
Name 3 political procedures that Jackson and the Democrats introduced into American Politics.
3. spoil system
The slave states that did not secede along the western counties of Virginia.
The use of naval forces to stop shipping.
Federal fort off the coast of SC that was bombarded by Confederate forces.
The Union plan to take the Mississippi River and squeeze the Confederacy to death.
Confederate capital for most of the war.
Fast ships that were supposed to be able to outrun other naval ships.
General who led Union troops through Georgia and SC destroying property.
The trading of one item for another.
President of the Confederacy
This battle was the turning point of the Civil War in the east.
Armored vessels that Confederate Navy used during the war.
Those killed or wounded
Confederate submarine that sank the USS Housatonic in 1864.
Commanded the Army of Northern Virginia
Robert E. Lee
Commander of all Union troops.
Confederate general who was wounded by his own troops in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
Issued by Abraham Lincoln in 1863, freeing all staves in states in rebellion agains the US.
A slave from Beaufort who became a Charleston harbor pilot who joined the Union Forces.
Where was the first LAND battle in SC?
Secessionville on James Island
What were the advantages of the North in the Civil War?
*They had their own monetary system.
*They ad 2/3 of the railroads.
*They had 75% of the wealth.
*They had 80% of thefactories
*They had more men
*They had an army, navy and established government.
What were the advantages of the South in the Civil War?
*They knew the land
*They were experienced with firing guns.
*They had a reason to fight.
*They had better military leaders and military tradition.
*They were used to riding horses.
To withdraw from the Union
A paved road that a traveler had to pay a fee or toll to use.
The right to vote.
A large boat designed to carry passengers, goods, or vehicles across a body of water such as a river.
All persons who are eligible to vote.
To add or join to a larger area
A waterway that joins one river or body of water to another.
A serious downturn in the economy when sales and prices drop, manufacturing decreases, banks fail, businesses close and people lose their jobs.
The practice of forcing a person to enter public service, particularly the navy.
A school in the early 1800 that was similar to the high school of today.
To give up or surrender
To set aside funds for a specific purpose
The ____________________ contributed to the growth of slavery in the south.
_______________ were new representatives in Congress from the South and West who called for war with the British.
________________, a SC native, commanded the Americans to a decisive victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
__________________ wrote the words to "The Star Spangled Banner" following the battle at Ford McHenry in 1814.
Francis Scott Key
____________________ wrote books such as "The Pioneers" and "The last of the Mohicans", about life on the American frontier.
James F. Cooper
____________________ was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who believed the federal government should always be stronger than the states.
Charleston merchants Benjamin Smith and John McKenzie willed their libraries and some money to start a college; which created ___________________________ in 1790.
College of Charleston
What were two opposing views regarding the role of government after the Panic of 1819?
Most people thought the goverment should place more controls on banks to protect the people. Other thought goverment should be small and not get involved in day to day affairs of the citizens.
The building in which a state or national government meets.
The first constitution of the US
Article of Confederation
The ability of courts to examine laws to determine whether they are constitutional.
A state's refusal to obey or enforce a federal law it thinks is wrong.
The group that advises the president.
A tax on imports
A person who is not a citizen of the US
At the Constitutional Convention, the __________ Compromise referred o the counting of slaves.
__________________ believed in strict construction of the Constitution.
_________________ believed in a broad construction of the Constitution.
_________________ was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served four times as governor of SC.
_____________________ wrote the Virginia Plan, which was the basis for the Constitution and a new government.