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What is the BASIC RULE LAW?
- You must drive at a speed that is reasonable and cautious for existing conditions.
- Does not allow you to drive over the speed limit.
What is a SPEED LIMIT?
- The maximum speed considered safe for the area under ideal driving conditions.
- fines are higher and your driving privileges may be suspended if you drive more than 30 or 100 miles per hour over the speed limit
What is the Speed Limit when driving in alleys?
15 miles per hour
What is the Speed limit when driving in narrow residential areas?
15 miles per hour
What is the Speed limit when driving in any business district?
20 miles per hour
What is the Speed Limit when driving within a School Zone?
20 miles per hour
What is the Speed Limit when driving in residential districts, unless posted otherwise?
25 miles per hour
What is the Speed limit when driving in public parks?
25 miles per hour
What is the Speed Limit when driving on roads and highways not meeting other definition?
55 miles per hour
What is the Speed Limit on Interstate highways?
They vary, but may be posted up to 70 miles per hour
What is the protocol when driving slowly?
- Use the right land or drive as closely as possible to the right curb or edge of the road unless you are getting ready to make a left turn
- If traffic gets congested behind you, pull off the road at the first area where it is safe to turn out and let the traffic behind you pass.
What is the number one reason for rear-end crashes?
Following too closely
What is a safe following distance for speeds 30 mph or lower?
What is the safe following distance for speeds greater than 30 mph?
4 seconds or more
How long does it take to stop or take action to avoid a collision?
Three seconds. A safe following distance is four seconds, allowing the driver one second to make a decision.
When do you need to allow a greater space between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you?
- Slippery or Wet Roads
- When the Driver behind you wants to pass
- When following bicycles or motorcycles
- When following drivers who cannot see you such as trucks, buses, vans, campers or trailers.
- When approaching railroad crossings
- When you have a heavy load
- When you are pulling a trailer
- When it is hard for you to see
- When following emergency vehicles
- When stopped on a hill
- When you are learning how to drive
How many feet does it take to stop when traveling 40 mph?
How many feet does it take to stop when traveling 55 mph?
How many feet does it take to stop when traveling 65 mph?
How many feet does it take to stop when traveling at 80 mph?
What is the protocol when driving on a road with no center line, and traffic is coming from each direction?
Drivers must give at least half the road to others going in the opposite direction
Keep to the right side of the road EXCEPT when:
- Passing another vehicle going in the same direction as you
- Driving to the left of center to pass an obstruction
- A road is marked for one-way traffic
- A road has three marked lanes and the center lane is a passing lane
- You are turning left
- Directed by emergency personnel or other persons directing traffic
When do signal before a turn if you are in traffic?
- 100 feet before the turn or lane change
- After checking traffic ahead, behind and to the side
How long do you signal on a curb before entering traffic?
long enough to alert oncoming traffic
What is the ARM TURN SIGNAL for turning RIGHT?
The left arm is 90 degrees outside the window with the hand upward.
What is the ARM TURN SIGNAL for turning LEFT?
Left arm is straight out the window
What is the ARM SIGNAL when stopping or decreasing speed?
left arm is out the window with the hand down the side of the car
What is the general rule for turning?
Turn from the closest lane in the direction you are traveling to the closest lane in the direction you want to go.
What are some guidelines for turning?
- Avoid changing lanes while turning
- Rules for turning apply at all locations, not just at intersection.
- Turn smoothly at a lower speed for safety.
What is the protocol when making a RIGHT TURN?
- check for traffic behind and beside you
- Turn on your right turn signal at least 100 feet before the turn and before you need to brake
- Get as close as is practical to the right curb or edge of the road without interfering with pedestrians of bicyclists
- Just before entering the intersection, look to the left, front and right for oncoming traffic.
- Always check for bicycles in your blind spot on your right before turning
- Check and stop for pedestrians
What is the protocol when making a LEFT TURN?
- Keep your wheels pointed straight ahead until you actually begin to make the turn.
- Check for traffic behind or beside you.
- Turn on signal 100 feet before the turn and before you need to brake
- Approach the turn with your vehicle in the lane just to the right of the center line
- Just before entering the intersection, look to the left, front, and right for cross traffic
- Check and stop for pedestrians
- Drive just to the right of the center line of the street you are entering
When making a Left Turn from a One-Way road to another One-Way road:
- Approach the turn in the traffic lane that is nearest the left curb
- Bring your vehicle into the nearest left lane for traffic on the road you are entering
- you may make this turn against a red light after stopping an yielding to traffic and pedestrians
When turning from a One-Way Road to a Two-Way road:
- Approach the turn in the lane for traffic in the direction that is closest to the direction of the turn.
- Turn into the nearest lane for traffic on the road you are entering unless a lane control sign or pavement markings direct otherwise
- You may make this turn against a red light after stopping and yielding to traffic pedestrians.
When making a Left turn from a One-Way Road to a Two-Way Road:
- Approach the intersection in the lane for the traffic closest to the left curb.
- Turn into the lane just to the right of the center line
- DO NOT move to the right lane without signaling for the lane change and checking traffic to your right and in your blind spot
- You CANNOT make this turn against a red light
Where are U-Turns Prohibited?
- Intersections controlled by a traffic signal, unless a sign permits the turn
- Between intersections in a city
- Any other urban location where you cannot see traffic coming from both directions for 500 feet
- Rural areas if you cannot see approaching traffic from either direction for 1,000 feet.
- Any location where U-Turns are prohibited by official signs or markings.
What is a roundabout?
a circular intersection with a center island, where traffic moves counterclockwise around the center island.
What is the protocol for using a roundabout?
- Approach, Enter, Proceed, Exit
- Slow down to the posted speed
- Look for exit destination
- Watch for Bicyclists
- Stop at Crosswalks if being used
- Yield to vehicles already inside the roundabout and those exiting the roundabout
- Wait for a gap and merge into traffic, being prepared to stop if necessary
- Move around the circle counterclockwise until you reach your exit
- Allow bicycles the full lane-do not pass them
- Indicate intent to exit using right turn signal and exit carefully, watching for pedestrians.
What is the protocol for Roundabouts when an Emergency Vehicle wants to enter/use the roundabout?
- DO NOT enter a roundabout when emergency vehicles are approaching, instead, pull over to the right.
- Allow other vehicles to clear the intersection
- NEVER stop while inside the roundabout.
- If already inside the roundabout, move through and exit the roundabout, then pull over to the right.
What does it mean to Yield?
Slowing down or if necessary stopping your vehicle to allow another vehicle or pedestrian to continue safely.
What is the RIGHT OF WAY LAW?
- designates when one driver must yield to another.
- DOES NOT give anyone the right of way, only says who must yield
When do you yield right of way in an intersection with no signs or signals?
Yield the right of way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching from your right at the same time or is going straight.
What is the protocol when crossing a sidewalk?
Stop before reaching the sidewalk and yield to pedestrians and bicyclists
What is the protocol when passing another vehicle on a two-lane road?
- Pass only to the left of the vehicle
- Do not begin you pass before the start of a designated passing zone
- Complete pass before you enter a no-passing zone
- Make sure you have enough room to pass the vehicle safely
- Do not exceed the posted speed limit
- Signal and check your rearview and sideview mirrors before you change lanes
- Check your blind spot
- Move to the left only when it is safe to do so.
When may you pass to the right?
- The driver you are passing is making or has signaled for a left turn.
- You are traveling on a roadway with two or more lanes traveling in the same direction and the vehicle you are passing is in the left lane.
When can you NOT pass another vehicle?
- Solid Yellow Lines
- No Passing Zone
What do you do when you are being passed on the road?
- Adjust your speed to let the driver move back into the right lane as soon as possible
- Stay to the right and do not speed up until the other driver has passed.
- Do not use your hands or lights to signal other drivers
Where can you NOT stop, stand, or park your car?
- Within and intersection
- On the roadway side of any parked vehicle (double parking)
- On a sidewalk or crosswalk
- On or within 7 1/2 feet of railroad tracks.
- In a bicycle lane or path
- on a bridge or overpass or between separate roadways of a divided highway
- In a tunnel
- Any place where official signs or pavement marking prohibit it.
- In front of a public or private driveway
- within in 10 feet of a fire hydrant
- Within 15 feet of the entrance to a fire station on the same side of the street
- Within 75 feet on the opposite side of a fire station
- Within 20 feet of a marked or unmarked crosswalk at an intersection
- Within 50 feet of a flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign, or other traffic control device located at the side of the road if your vehicle hides the signal or traffic control device from view.
When parking downhill against a curb, which way do you turn your wheels?
Toward the Curb
When parking Uphill against a curb, which way do you turn your wheels?
Towards the travel lane
When parking on a hill with no curb, which way do you turn your wheels?
toward the edge of the road.