Enlightenment II Thinkers & Revolutionizers

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Kivo765
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Enlightenment II Thinkers & Revolutionizers
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2013-05-24 00:12:21
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Enlightenment II Thinkers Revolutionizers
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Enlightenment II Thinkers & Revolutionizers
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  1. Voltiare (Fr)
    • posits that science will replace religion
    • that science will soon answer religious question
  2. Dennis Diderot (Fr)
    • normalized knowledge with his Encyclopedia
    • problem with bias
  3. Montesquieu (Fr)
    • social world reflects natural world
    • (rhythms & regulations)
  4. France
    • center of early modern culture:
    • art, lit., Cuisine, Fashion, arch.
  5. John Locke (Br)
    • language is socially manufactured
    • (women, 5.5 ft Tall)
    • experimental, favors senses
    • all knowledge starts in senses
    • nothing intellect that didn't first exist in senses
    • Gathering data: Primary-measurement, Secondary-sensory
  6. Edward Gibbon (Br)
    similarities of Fall of Roman Empire & contemporary Europe
  7. William Godwin (Br)
    mankind is perfectable, but church and gov. hold it back
  8. Erasmus Darwin (Br)
    • animals change over time
    • (Charles Darwin's grandfather)
  9. Thomas Willis (Br)
    • brain physiology (circulation)|
    • "Circle of Willis" <----------
  10. Edinburgh
    Center of Scottish Enlightment
  11. Adam Ferguson (Sc)
    • human progress is linear and inevitable
    • manufacturing makes man into machine
  12. David Hume (Sc)
    • skeptical, utilitarianist
    • Newton described but didn't explain gravity
    • 'Treatsie of Human Nature'
    • Senses->impression->ideas
    • reason alone can't determine truth
  13. William Cullen (Sc)
    studied human neurosis (abnormal mental disorder)
  14. Adam Smith (Sc)
    • 'Wealth of Nations' - we haven't progressed much
    • society defined by imports & exports
    • state of perfection defined by circulation (productivity)
    • role of entrepreneurs is important --> creates jobs
    • math & science rationalism into economics
  15. Thomas Malthus (Sc)
    • influenced by Irish potato famine
    • Pop. is exponential while food prod. is arithmetical
    • pessimistic about future--^
    • masses should restrain in procreation
    • conditions for poor canNOT be improved
  16. "The Grand Round"
    training of young doctors through diagnosis attempts
  17. Immanuel Kant (Gr)
    • interest in psychology (social, not science)
    • the mind filters data and groups data
    • sense CANNOT be trusted
  18. Jean-Jacques Rosseau
    • "Noble Savage"
    • concept of Tabula Rasa - human mind born without mental content; nurture
  19. Carolus Linnaeus (Swe)
    • classification & taxonomy of Flora & Fauna
    • (Flowers & Animals)
  20. James Watt
    more efficient steam engine
  21. Alessandro Volta
    electric battery (portable energy)
  22. Joseph Priestley
    • carbon cycle (animals<>plants; CO& O2)
    • reason to keep trees
  23. Michael Faraday
    chemistry advancements through separation of chemical with electrical currents
  24. George Stahl
    • theorized combustion concept
    • (didn't actually build an combustion engine)
  25. Jeremy Benthram & David Ricardo
    utilitarianism brought into economy theory
  26. Karl Marx & Fredierich Engels
    'Communist Manifest' & 'Das Kapital'
  27. Charles Dickens
    • showed issues of the Factory
    • 'Class Consciousness'
    • 'Industrial Novel'

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