Lit Final

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Sbjohnson
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221089
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Lit Final
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2013-05-25 13:43:25
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Lit Final
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Lit Final
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  1. connotation
    refers to the attitudes and feelings associated with a word
  2. refers to the attitudes and feelings associated with a word
    connotation
  3. denotation
    the direct meaning of a word
  4. the direct meaning of a word
    denotation
  5. characterization (4 types)
    • physical
    • nature
    • thoughts
    • direct commentary about a character
  6. comic relief
    a humorous scene to relieve emotional intensity
  7. a humorous scene to relieve emotional intensity
    comic relief
  8. comedy
    a humorous work, usually ends happily
  9. a humorous work, usually ends happily
    comedy
  10. tragedy
    a dramatic work that ends catastrophically
  11. a dramatic work that ends catastrophically
    tragedy
  12. conflict
    a struggle between opposing forces
  13. a struggle between opposing forces
    conflict
  14. soliloquy
    when a character speaks his/her thoughts out loud
  15. when a character speaks his/her thoughts out loud
    soliloquy
  16. informal style
    A broad term for speech or writing marked by a casual, familiar, and generally colloquial (slang) use of language.
  17. A broad term for speech or writing marked by a casual, familiar, and generally colloquial (slang) use of language.
    informal style
  18. formal style
    • A broad term for speech or writing marked by an impersonal, objective, and precise use of language.
    • A formal prose style is typically used in scholarly books and articles, technical reports, research papers, and legal documents.
  19. A broad term for speech or writing marked by an impersonal, objective, and precise use of language.
    A formal prose style is typically used in scholarly books and articles, technical reports, research papers, and legal documents.
    formal style
  20. alliteration
    • repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
    • Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
  21. repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
    Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
    alliteration
  22. assonance
    • repetition of vowel sounds within non rhyming words
    • Example: Do you like blue?
  23. repetition of vowel sounds within non rhyming words
    Example: Do you like blue?
    assonance
  24. iambic pentameter
    • the particular rhythm that the words establish in that line
    • a line with 5 unstressed and stressed syllables
    • Example: da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM
    • Example: When I do count the clock that tells the time
  25. the particular rhythm that the words establish in that line
    a line with 5 unstressed and stressed syllables
    Example: da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM
    Example: When I do count the clock that tells the time
    iambic pentameter
  26. onomatopoeia
    • a word that phonetically imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes
    • Example: "chirp", "oink", "meow", "roar"
  27. a word that phonetically imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes
    Example: "chirp", "oink", "meow", "roar"
    onomatopoeia
  28. consonance
    • a common type of near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds
    • Example: home, same
    • Example: worth, breath
  29. the repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession
    Example: home, same
    Example: worth, breath
    Example: pitter patter
    Example: all mammals named Sam are clammy
    consonance
  30. protagonist
    the main character
  31. the main character
    protagonist
  32. antagonist
    a person or group of people who oppose the main character
  33. a person or group of people who oppose the main character
    antagonist
  34. drama
    a serious narrative work
  35. a serious narrative work
    drama
  36. aside
    a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience
  37. a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience
    aside
  38. dramatic irony
    • irony in a drama that is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.
    • Example: in Romeo and Juliet, the other characters in the cast think Juliet is dead, but the audience knows she only took a sleeping potion.
    • Example: in The Truman Show, the viewer is aware that Truman is on a television show, but Truman himself only gradually learns this.
  39. irony in a drama that is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.
    Example: in Romeo and Juliet, the other characters in the cast think Juliet is dead, but the audience knows she only took a sleeping potion.
    Example: in The Truman Show, the viewer is aware that Truman is on a television show, but Truman himself only gradually learns this.
    dramatic irony
  40. situational irony
    • an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
    • Example: When Megamind ends up being the good guy
  41. an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
    Example: When Megamind ends up being the good guy
    situational irony
  42. verbal irony
    • when a person says or writes one thing and means another
    • Examples: soft as concrete, clear as mud
  43. when a person says or writes one thing and means another
    Examples: soft as concrete, clear as mud
    verbal irony
  44. satire
    the use of irony, sarcasm, or ridicule
  45. the use of irony, sarcasm, or ridicule
    satire
  46. allegory
    a story with a hidden meaning
  47. a story with a hidden meaning
    allegory
  48. dramatic monologue
    • when a character gives a speech or narrative
    • Example: Romeo speaking when he is about to kill himself
    • Example: Juliet speaking as she is drinking the potion
  49. when a character gives a speech or narrative
    Example: Romeo speaking when he is about to kill himself
    Example: Juliet speaking as she is drinking the potion
    dramatic monologue
  50. figurative language (3 forms)
    • metaphor
    • simile
    • personification
  51. metaphor
    simile
    personification
    figurative language (3 forms)
  52. metaphor
    • a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is the same as another otherwise unrelated object
    • Example: Life is a journey
    • Example: A mighty fortress is our God
    • Example: Romeo compares Juliet's eyes to the bright stars
  53. a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is the same as another otherwise unrelated object
    Example: Life is a journey
    Example: A mighty fortress is our God
    Example: Romeo compares Juliet's eyes to the bright stars
    metaphor
  54. simile
    • a figure of speech that directly compares two things through some connective, usually "like," "as," "than," or a verb such as "resembles."
    • Example: He runs like a cheetah.
    • Example: As busy as a bee.
  55. a figure of speech that directly compares two things through some connective, usually "like," "as," "than," or a verb such as "resembles."
    Example: He runs like a cheetah.
    Example: As busy as a bee.
    simile
  56. personification
    • when you assign the qualities of a person to something that isn't human or, in some cases, to something that isn't even alive.
    • Example: The sun glared down at me from the sky.
    • Example: The tree branch moaned as I swung from it.
    • Example: I could hear Hawaii calling my name.
  57. when you assign the qualities of a person to something that isn't human or, in some cases, to something that isn't even alive.
    Example: The sun glared down at me from the sky.
    Example: The tree branch moaned as I swung from it.
    Example: I could hear Hawaii calling my name.
    personification
  58. flashback
    when someone remembers something from the past
  59. when someone remembers something from the past
    flashback
  60. narrator (first person)
    • This is a story the hero narrates.
    • Example: Pip in Great Expectations.
  61. This is a story the hero narrates.
    Example: Pip in Great Expectations.
    narrator (first person)
  62. narrator (secondary person)
    The rarest mode in literature in which the narrator refers to the reader as "you", therefore making the audience member feel as if he or she is a character within the story
  63. The rarest mode in literature in which the narrator refers to the reader as "you", therefore making the audience member feel as if he or she is a character within the story
    narrator (secondary person)
  64. narrator (third person limited)
    • This type of narrator knows only what the main character, or characters, know.
    • This is more restrictive, but increases suspense and intrigue, because the reader only solves the mystery at the same time the characters do.
  65. This type of narrator knows only what the main character, or characters, know.
    This is more restrictive, but increases suspense and intrigue, because the reader only solves the mystery at the same time the characters do.
    narrator (third person limited)
  66. narrator (third person omniscient)
    This type of narrator knows all, peeking into the lives of major and minor characters, reading everyone’s thoughts.
  67. This type of narrator knows all, peeking into the lives of major and minor characters, reading everyone’s thoughts.
    narrator (third person omniscient)
  68. foreshadowing
    When an author hints certain plot developments that will happen later in the story
  69. When an author hints certain plot developments that will happen later in the story
    foreshadowing
  70. idiom
    • a meaning that is not to be take literally
    • Example: It's raining cats and dogs.
    • Example: She is pulling my leg.
  71. a meaning that is not to be take literally
    Example: It's raining cats and dogs.
    Example: She is pulling my leg.
    idiom

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