Rhetorical devices

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Rhetorical devices
2013-05-26 13:20:14
rhetorical devices

Rhetorical Devices: A Handbook for Student Writers by Brendan McGuigan, all terms for study
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  1. Hyperbole
    An exaggeration of some part of your statement to give it emphasis or focus
  2. Understatement
    A descriptive statement that gives less force than one would normally expect
  3. Litotes
    A form of understatement that emphasizes the point by using a word opposite to the condition and "not"
  4. Antithesis
    A contrast in language to bring out a contrasting ideas
  5. Hypophora
    Ask a question and then answer it
  6. Rhetorical question
    Ask a question with an understood or implied answer
  7. Procatalepsis
    A statement that addresses an objection - sometimes with a question
  8. Distinctio
    An elaboration on the definition of a word
  9. Simile
    A comparison of two things that are already somewhat related consisting of two nouns connected linked by the word "like" "so" or "as" - more stylistic than an analogy
  10. Metaphor
    A comparison that speaks of one thing as if it were the other
  11. Analogy
    A comparison of two well-known things for a specific purpose- more down-to-earth than a simile
  12. Allusion
    A reference to some fairly well-known event, place, or person
  13. Eponym
    A reference to a specific famous person to link his or her attributes with someone else
  14. Sententia
    A famous quotation, maxim, or wise saying
  15. Exemplum
    An example to illustrate your point
  16. Climax
    An structure that proceeds from the least important to the most important
  17. Parallelism
    The same general structure used for multiple parts of a sentence, or for multiple sentences, in order to link them
  18. Chiasmus
    An inversion of the original structure in a subsequent part of a sentence or sentence
  19. Anadiplosis
    Repetition of the last word of a sentence or phrase near the beginning of the next sentence or phrase
  20. Conduplicatio
    Repetition of an important word from anywhere in one sentence or phrase near the beginning of the next sentence or phrase
  21. Metabasis
    A structure that sums up the body of a work, so that you can move on to a new point
  22. Parenthesis
    An insertion of an aside or additional information into the main flow of your writing
  23. Apostrophe
    A break in the flow of writing to directly address a person or personified object
  24. Enumeratio
    A list of details about something to expand on a central idea
  25. Antanagoge
    Placement of a negative point next to a positive on in a way that downplays the negative
  26. Epithet
    A descriptive adjective attached to a noun to evoke an idea or emotion
  27. Asyndeton
    A list that omits conjunctions between items
  28. Polysyndeton
    A list with conjunctions used after every item
  29. Zeugma
    An unexpected link between items by a shared word
  30. Synecdoche
    A part of something used to represent the whole
  31. Metonymy
    An idea closely related to an object to refer to the object itself
  32. Hyperbaton
    Words arranged in an unexpected order
  33. Aporia
    An expression of doubt about an issue
  34. Anaphora
    Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of multiple clauses or sentences
  35. Epistrophe
    Repetition of a word or phrase at the end of multiple clauses or sentences
  36. Symploce
    Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning and end of a sentence - anaphora and epistrophe combined
  37. Amplification
    Repetition of the same idea, adding more detail and information to the original idea
  38. Personification
    Human attributes given to non-human objects and ideas
  39. Parataxis
    A list of clauses with no conjunctions - asyndeton of clauses