History Test Unit 7
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A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Colony (Form of imperialism)
Foreign power governs
Protectorate (Form of imperialism)
Sphere of Influence (Form of imperialism)
foreign power has exclusive trading rights
Economic Imperialism (Form of imperialism)
business runs country
Envisioned on American Empire from Canada to Latin America and out to Pacific Islands
Fredrick Jackson Turner
Wanted to sustain American way of life, a new frontier needed to be discovered
Aflfred T. Mahan
Believed nation required an efficient navy to protect shipping. This navy required colonies for bases
Preserve order and stability. America's role - speak softly and carry a big stick
Senator Carl Shurz
Opposed annexation of territory by dark-skinned people
US had enough unsettled land. Showcasing democracy and prosperity would convince less fortunate to adopt principles
William James (Philosopher)
U.S. had enough unsettled land (Declaration of Independence and Constitution)
Barbarians would undercut American labor
How pro-imperialists influenced leaders.
Exceptionalism (God Favored/Proserous)
Justification of imperialism
Extending liberty and prosperity to less fortunate
Less fortunate: Latin Americans, women, people of color and nations weaker than the U.S.
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