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what are reliability problems with written sources?
- fact and opinion
- one sided accounts
- conflicting accounts
what are histographical problems with written sources?
- pet theories
problems with archaeological evidence?
- damage to artefacts
- written evidence and archaeological evidence may not agree
- artefacts may not survive complete
- difficult to interoperate
problem with fact and opinion?
difficult to distinguish between the two
problem with one sided accounts?
only hearing one side of the story
problem with conflicting accounts
several sources can give conflicting evidence
problem with bias?
must be aware of prejudice that can affect writers attitude:
- -political factors
- -cultural factors
problem with propaganda?
the spreading of ideas, information or rumour to injure or help a cause, person or institution.
what is the purpose of the source?
problem with mistranslation?
language problems with translation of sources
problem with anachronism?
anything out of place in its time or context.
problem with pet theories?
archaeologists can develop theories and try to prove them by using only a selection of evidence and ignoring what does not back up their theory.
problem with damage to artefacts?
may have incomplete picture
problem with written and archaeological evidence not agreeing?
not give the same information
problem with incomplete artefacts?
may be because of material
problem with intrusions?
found in wrong strata
problem with difficulty in interpretation?
without written evidence, can only make an inference.