Science: Ecology

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LaurenCamp29
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221450
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Science: Ecology
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2013-05-28 16:45:42
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  1. What is ecology?
    The study of the interactions of organisms with one another and with their physical surroundings
  2. What is the organization of life from LARGEST to SMALLEST?
    • Biosphere
    • Ecosystem
    • Community
    • Population
    • Organism
  3. The part of earth where life exists
    Biosphere
  4. Areas of the bipshere consisting of all biotic and abiotic factors that surround organisms and affect their way of life
    Ecosystems
  5. What is biotic? Give an example
    • Living organisms
    • ex: Plants
  6. What is abiotic? Give an example
    • Physical features
    • ex: Water
  7. -What is an example of an ecosystem?
    -Give 3 biotic and abiotic factors.
    Pond Ecosystem

    • Biotic:
    • Fish
    • Frogs
    • Insects

    • Abiotic:
    • Water
    • Sunlight
    • Rocks
  8. Organisms living together in an ecosystem
    Community
  9. What are 3 examples of a community?
    • Trees
    • Birds
    • Fungi
  10. Collection of individuals of the same species in a given area whose members can breed with one another.
    Population
  11. An individual living thing
    Organism
  12. An evironment that has a characteristic community
    Biome
  13. What are Land Biomes named after?
    The dominant type of plant life there.
  14. What are the 7 types of Land Biomes?
    • Tundra
    • Taiga (Coniferous Forest)
    • Temperate Deciduous Forest
    • Grassland
    • Tropical Rain Forest
    • Desert
    • Savanna
    • Chaparral
  15. True or False?
    The Biosphere includes all areas of land, air, and water on the planet, as well as life that populates these areas
    True
  16. Supports more organisms than land biomes
    Aquatic Biomes
  17. True or false?
    Aquatic Biomes vary in temperature more than land biomes.
    False
  18. What 3 Abiotic Factors affect organisms found in Aquatic Biomes?
    • Light intensity
    • Amount of O2¬†and CO2¬†dissolved in the water
    • Availability of organic and inorganic nutrients
  19. What are the 3 types of Aquatic Biomes?
    • Freshwater
    • Marine
    • Estuaries
  20. Freshwater:
    What does it do?
    Give 3 examples.
    • Provides drinking water
    • Rivers, Streams, and Lakes
  21. Marine water:
    What is it?
    What are the 4 Zones it is divided into?
    The Ocean that covers most of the Earth.

    • Intertidal Zone
    • Nertic Zone
    • Open Sea Zone
    • Deep Sea Zone
  22. Phytoplankton responsible for 80 to 90% of Earth's photosynthetic activity
    Open-sea zone
  23. Boundary between fresh water and saltwater
    Estuaries
  24. What types of Abiotic and Biotic factors does an Estuary have?
    • Abiotic:
    • Salt Marshes
    • Mangrove
    • Swamps
    • Lagoons
    • Mouths of rivers

    • Biotic:
    • Plants
    • Fish
    • Shrimps
    • Crabs
  25. Intertidal:
    Area found?
    Animals/Plants?
    Shoreline

    • Clams
    • Barnacles
    • Seaweed
    • Snails
    • Sea Urchins
    • Starfish
  26. Nertic:
    Area found?
    Animals/Plants?
    Extends from low tide line to edge of open sea

    • Large Algae
    • Giant Kelp Forests
  27. Open-Sea:
    Area found?
    Animals/Plants?
    In the middle of the ocean

    • Fish
    • Dolphins
    • Whales
    • Sea Birds
  28. Deep-Sea:
    Area found?
    Animals/Plants?
    Where there's high pressure, cold temperature, and total darkness.

    • Gulper Eel
    • Giant Squid
  29. What is the purpose of a food chain?
    To show a simple model of the feeding relationships in an ecosystem
  30. What is symbiosis?
    The way in which living things interact with each other and their environment
  31. What is a niche?
    (6)
    How an organism survives, gets food, finds shelter, finds a mate, cares for it's young, and avoids danger
  32. Uses outside energy source to make their own food
    Producer
  33. Example of a producer?
    Plants
  34. Cannot make their own food so it eats other organisms
    Consumer
  35. What is an example of a consumer?
    Animals
  36. Consumer that is a Vegetarian
    (2 examples)
    Herbivore

    Deer and Rabbits
  37. Consumer that eats other animals.
    (2 examples)
    Carnivore

    Frogs and spiders eat other insects
  38. Consumer that eats both plants and animals
    (2 examples)
    • Omnivore
    • Pigs and most humans
  39. Consumer that consumes wastes and dead organisms
    (3 examples)
    • Decomposers
    • Fungi, Bacteria, and Earthworms
  40. Paratism
    Mutualism
    Predation
    Commensalisms
    Competition
    • 1 benefited and the other harmed.
    • both benefit
    • 1 organism benefits, the other is killed
    • 1 organism benefits, other is unaffected
    • organisms competing for food, shelter, etc..
  41. Example of Parasitism?
    Roundworms feeding on a dog's intestine and getting nutrients
  42. Example of Mutualism?
    Clownfish clean the anemone and the anemone protects the clownfish and also feeds it.
  43. The one who steals the food
    Parasite
  44. The one from whom the food is taken
    Host
  45. Example of Predation?
    Frog eating a fly
  46. Example of Commensalisms?
    Barnacles attached to a whale
  47. Example of Competition?
    Snakes and Lizards fighting to find and eat crickets
  48. How do the following animals adapt to their environment?:
    Turtle
    Wasp
    Mushrooms
    Flounder
    • Shell
    • Stingers
    • Poisonous
    • Camouflage¬†
  49. The one that kills
    Predator
  50. The one that gets killed
    Prey
  51. True or false?
    Competition may be between organisms of the same species or between individuals of different species
    True

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