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What is ecology?
The study of the interactions of organisms with one another and with their physical surroundings
What is the organization of life from LARGEST to SMALLEST?
The part of earth where life exists
Areas of the bipshere consisting of all biotic and abiotic factors that surround organisms and affect their way of life
What is biotic? Give an example
- Living organisms
- ex: Plants
What is abiotic? Give an example
- Physical features
- ex: Water
-What is an example of an ecosystem?
-Give 3 biotic and abiotic factors.
Organisms living together in an ecosystem
What are 3 examples of a community?
Collection of individuals of the same species in a given area whose members can breed with one another.
An individual living thing
An evironment that has a characteristic community
What are Land Biomes named after?
The dominant type of plant life there.
What are the 7 types of Land Biomes?
- Taiga (Coniferous Forest)
- Temperate Deciduous Forest
- Tropical Rain Forest
True or False?
The Biosphere includes all areas of land, air, and water on the planet, as well as life that populates these areas
Supports more organisms than land biomes
True or false?
Aquatic Biomes vary in temperature more than land biomes.
What 3 Abiotic Factors affect organisms found in Aquatic Biomes?
- Light intensity
- Amount of O2 and CO2 dissolved in the water
- Availability of organic and inorganic nutrients
What are the 3 types of Aquatic Biomes?
What does it do?
Give 3 examples.
- Provides drinking water
- Rivers, Streams, and Lakes
What is it?
What are the 4 Zones it is divided into?
The Ocean that covers most of the Earth.
- Intertidal Zone
- Nertic Zone
- Open Sea Zone
- Deep Sea Zone
Phytoplankton responsible for 80 to 90% of Earth's photosynthetic activity
Boundary between fresh water and saltwater
What types of Abiotic and Biotic factors does an Estuary have?
- Salt Marshes
- Mouths of rivers
- Sea Urchins
Extends from low tide line to edge of open sea
- Large Algae
- Giant Kelp Forests
In the middle of the ocean
- Sea Birds
Where there's high pressure, cold temperature, and total darkness.
What is the purpose of a food chain?
To show a simple model of the feeding relationships in an ecosystem
What is symbiosis?
The way in which living things interact with each other and their environment
What is a niche?
How an organism survives, gets food, finds shelter, finds a mate, cares for it's young, and avoids danger
Uses outside energy source to make their own food
Example of a producer?
Cannot make their own food so it eats other organisms
What is an example of a consumer?
Consumer that is a Vegetarian
Deer and Rabbits
Consumer that eats other animals.
Frogs and spiders eat other insects
Consumer that eats both plants and animals
- Pigs and most humans
Consumer that consumes wastes and dead organisms
- Fungi, Bacteria, and Earthworms
- 1 benefited and the other harmed.
- both benefit
- 1 organism benefits, the other is killed
- 1 organism benefits, other is unaffected
- organisms competing for food, shelter, etc..
Example of Parasitism?
Roundworms feeding on a dog's intestine and getting nutrients
Example of Mutualism?
Clownfish clean the anemone and the anemone protects the clownfish and also feeds it.
The one who steals the food
The one from whom the food is taken
Example of Predation?
Frog eating a fly
Example of Commensalisms?
Barnacles attached to a whale
Example of Competition?
Snakes and Lizards fighting to find and eat crickets
How do the following animals adapt to their environment?:
The one that kills
The one that gets killed
True or false?
Competition may be between organisms of the same species or between individuals of different species